How to apply eye ointment

This article was medically reviewed by Luxme Hariharan, MD, MPH. Dr. Luxme Hariharan is a Board Certified Pediatric Ophthalmologist. She currently is a Pediatric Ophthalmologist at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital in Miami, Florida. She specializes in pediatric ophthalmology and preventing childhood blindness. Dr. Hariharan has worked with global institutions including the World Health Organization, the American Academy of Ophthalmology, Orbis, and Sightlife. She holds a BS in Biology and Latin American, Caribbean & Iberian Studies from The University of Wisconsin-Madison, a Masters of Public Health (MPH) in International Health, Child Health, Epidemiology & Biostatistics from Johns Hopkins University, and an MD from The University of Wisconsin-Madison. She is a member and serves on several committees within the American Academy of Ophthalmology, The American Academy of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus; and sits on the board of directors of Combat Blindness International.

There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

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There are various types of eye ointments that treat a range of conditions, and they’re all easy to use. Antibiotic ointments and medications for conditions such as dry eyes are applied inside the lower eyelid. If you have eczema on your eyelids, you might need to apply a special topical ointment to the sensitive skin around your eyes. When applying any type of ointment, wash your hands before and after applying it. [1] X Expert Source

Luxme Hariharan, MD, MPH
Board Certified Ophthalmologist Expert Interview. 17 August 2021. If you have an eye condition, talk to your doctor about the best way to treat it.

Eye ointments should always be applied a few minutes AFTER any eye drops are applied. Be aware that ointment will blur your vision for a few minutes. Use the following steps to apply ointment:

  1. Sit down comfortably and put your head back.
  2. Pull your lower lid down.
  3. Apply ointment into the pocket formed by your lid pulled away from your eye. You can put in about ½ inch strip of ointment. If you are having trouble releasing the ointment from the tube, you can apply the ointment to the tip of a Q-tip, and then insert it into the eyelid pocket. Try not to touch the tip of the tube to the lids.
  4. Blinking the eyes will spread the ointment to the upper lids as well.
  5. Wipe off the excess with a clean tissue.

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How to apply eye ointment

Avoid touching the tip of the tube against your eye or anything else – the medication and its container must be kept clean.

Step 3

Holding the tube between your thumb and forefinger, place it as near to your eyelid as possible without touching it.

Step 4

Brace the remaining fingers of that hand against your face.

Step 5

Tilt your head forward slightly.

Step 6

While tilting your head back, pull down the lower lid of your eye with your index finger to form a pocket.

How to apply eye ointment

Step 7

Squeeze ribbon of ointment or gel into the pocket made by the lower eyelid. Remove your index finger from the lower eyelid.

How to apply eye ointment

Step 8

Blink your eye gently; then close your eye for 1 to 2 minutes.

How to apply eye ointment

Step 9

With a tissue, wipe any excess ointment or gel from the eyelids and lashes. With another clean tissue, wipe the tip of the tube clean.

Lost your prescription and need some eye ointment application guidance? Help is at hand!

How to apply eye ointment

Eye ointments are used to treat a number of eye problems, because they tend start to work much faster than medicine taken by mouth. To help you effectively treat your eye problem or to apply eye ointment for a child, our resident pharmacist Rita Ghelani offers her expert advice on eye ointment application:

What is an eye ointment?

Eye ointments are a sterile preparation of medicine. They are applied inside the lower eyelid to produce a local effect directly on the eye.

Why do you need eye ointment?

Eye ointment can be prescribed to treat a number of health conditions including the following:

  • Eye infections.
  • Inflammatory eye conditions such as conjunctivitis.
  • Sore eyes due to conditions such as dry eyes or blepharitis.

How to apply eye ointment

How to use your eye ointment

To safely apply eye ointment follow our expert tips. Alternatively some people find it easier to ask someone else to apply their eye ointment for them:

✔️ Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water and dry them before you start.

✔️ Sit in front of a mirror so you can see what you are doing.

✔️ Take the lid off the ointment, tip your head back and gently pull down your lower eyelid and look up.

✔️ Hold the tube above the eye and gently squeeze a 1cm line of ointment along the inside of the lower eyelid, taking care not to touch the eye or eyelashes with the tip of the tube.

✔️ Blink your eyes to spread the ointment over the surface of the eyeball.

✔️ Wipe away any excess ointment with a clean tissue.

✔️ Repeat this procedure for the other eye if you have been advised to do so by your doctor or pharmacist.

✔️ Replace the lid of the tube and take care not to touch the tip of the tube with your fingers.

✔️ If you are using more than one type of ointment, wait for about half-an-hour before using the next ointment, to allow the first to be absorbed into the eye.

✔️ If you are also using eye drops use them first, then wait for five minutes before applying the eye ointment.

⚠️ Your vision may be blurred when you open your eyes after applying eye ointment – resist the urge to rub your eyes. The blurring will clear after a few moments if you keep blinking.

What if your eye ointment stings?

Some people may find their eyes sting immediately after use. This will normally only be for a short time. If the irritation is severe or if the eye ointment seems to make your symptoms worse, discuss the matter with your doctor or pharmacist.

If you notice anything unusual, tell your doctor or pharmacist. If your vision is blurred after using your eye ointment, wait for it to clear before driving or using hazardous machinery.

How to apply eye ointment

Eye ointment dos and don’ts

To get the best from your eye ointment follow our essential eye ointment dos and don’ts:

• Contact lenses and eye ointment

If you normally wear contact lenses, don’t wear them while using eye ointment unless your doctor, pharmacist or optician has told you otherwise.

• Eye ointment storage

Some (but not all) eye ointments need to be stored in the fridge. Check that you know where to store your eye ointment. Do not share your eye ointment with other people to prevent the spread of infection.

Always keep medicines out of the reach of children. Once you have finished the treatment course, carefully dispose of any remaining ointment, or return it to your pharmacist for disposal.

• Eye ointment expiration

Never use your eye ointment after the expiry date, as it may be contaminated with dirt or bacteria. Eye ointments containing a preservative should be thrown away four weeks after opening. Follow the printed instructions given with your ointment. Write the date you open your eye ointment on the tube so you know when to throw it away.

• Eye ointment dosage instructions

Eye ointments should only be used in the eyes and must not be taken by mouth. Always use the ointment according to the printed label or as instructed by your doctor or pharmacist.

If you miss a dose of your eye ointment, apply the dose as soon as you remember, and then go on as before. Inform your doctor or pharmacist if you accidentally use more than you were supposed to and you are concerned or it feels uncomfortable.

How to apply eye ointment

Many eye problems are treated with eye drops or eye ointment, and sometimes with both. In this post, we’ll be discussing on how to apply them. It could be a challenge to put on eye drops and eye ointment, especially if you are a first time user. However, with practice you’ll get more comfortable and confident with the process without missing, spilling or using too much eye drops. Follow these steps to use eye drops correctly.

Administering eye drops or eye ointment to yourself

How to apply eye ointment

If you are using eye ointment, put a thin line of ointment along the pouch.

How to apply eye ointment

Administering eye drops or eye ointment to someone else

  1. Wash your hands with soap and warm water, then dry them well.

How to apply eye ointment

2. Let the patient sit down and tilt his/her head back while looking up with both eyes.

3. Rest your hand on the patient’s temple while keeping the bottle above the eye.

4 . Using the thumb of your other hand, make a pocket by pulling the patient’s lower eyelid lower.

5. Squeeze the bottle gently near the eye (about an inch away) and allow the eye drop fall into the pocket.

How to apply eye ointment

6. If you are using eye ointment, squeeze a thin line of ointment along the pouch.

7. Ask the patient to close his eye gently and press on the lacrimation duct lightly for a minute.

8. Wipe any excess drops from the closed eyelid with a tissue. Repeat the steps with the other eye, if necessary.

How to apply eye ointment

9. Wash your hands once you’re done.

Safety tips

Take these safety precautions when applying eye drops or eye ointment:

  • Never share your eye ointment with anyone else.
  • Use your ointment only within the expiry date on the tube, and discard the bottle after one month once opened. This is to ensure they are not contaminated or have become less effective.

How to apply eye ointment

  • Do not squeeze the tube too hard to avoid overflowing of ointment.
  • Make sure the bottle tip is clean and doesn’t touch your eye, eyelashes, eyelids, fingers, or any surface. This is to keep bacteria or other contaminants from growing in your eye.

How to apply eye ointment

  • If you need to use eye drops and eye ointment, apply the eye drops first, then wait for five minutes before using the eye ointment.
  • To improve the flow of eye ointment, hold the tube in hand for several minutes to warm before use.
  • It is normal for your vision to be slightly hazy, misty or blurry after applying the eye drops or eye ointment.
  • Please be aware that some eye ointments may sting or irritate for a while after putting it on. Let your doctor know if the symptoms worsen or you experience other adverse effects.

If you have problems applying eye drops or eye ointment, ask for advice from your doctor or pharmacist.

Eye infections are a common health condition seen in dogs, and they’re usually not something to worry about when treated quickly.

Your dog may require eye ointment to treat an infection or a chronic condition. For this reason, every pet parent should know how to apply eye ointment to a dog.

It’s not uncommon for dogs to develop eye allergies or catch eye infections. The most common way to treat eye problems in pets is with eye ointment.

However, administering eye ointment to your dog can make an owner very nervous.

You may be worried about scratching your dog’s eye or causing him pain. The truth is, applying the ointment will probably make him uncomfortable.

But, when done correctly, it won’t cause him any pain.

I’m not going to lie to you: there’s room for error. It would help if you were very careful, gentle, and educated yourself on what you’re doing.

It would help keep your dog calm, so he doesn’t make the situation any more difficult.

Thankfully, learning how to apply eye ointment to a dog is a quick and easy process. I would encourage every pet owner to learn this vital skill.

If your dog is diagnosed with an eye issue, you will already know how to handle it.

How To Apply Eye Ointment To A Dog

The first thing that you need to keep in mind is that you should NEVER apply any medication to your dog’s eye(s) without checking with your veterinarian first.

Over-the-counter treatments are available, but you need to be sure that you’re choosing a product that will treat the condition properly.

How to apply eye ointment

If left untreated, or if you treat the issue with the wrong medication, serious eye problems (including blindness) could occur.

1. Get Prepared

There are different dog eye ointment medications, but applying them is precisely the same.

First things first, you need to get prepared. Your dog isn’t going to be happy about you putting medication into his eye, but if you get prepared in advance, it will make things easier and faster.

Wash your hands. Gather the necessary supplies, including:

  • grooming wipes or a clean cloth with water
  • rubber gloves (optional, but recommended)
  • eye ointment
  • clean paper towel or dry cloth

2. (Optional) Ask for Assistance

It’s not essential, but it will make it easier to have someone help you. This is especially important if your dog is a wiggler.

Be sure that the person helping you is someone that your dog knows and is very comfortable with, like another family member or a close friend.

3. Clean the Eye Area

Before you begin applying ointment to your pet’s eyes, it’s essential to clean the area.

If it’s not, there may be contamination in the ointment that might worsen the condition.

Also, a common symptom of eye issues in dogs is discharged, which needs to be cleaned away as often as possible.

Use a dog grooming wipe or a clean cloth with water to clean the area. Wipe around as close as possible to the dog’s eyes.

This will eliminate any debris that could accidentally get in the eye while you’re holding it open.

How to apply eye ointment

4. Get Into Position

As I explained in my video above, it is best to apply eye ointment while your pet is relaxed and lying down.

You can stand over your dog, but it may make your puppy more nervous.

When your dog is relaxed and lying down, tip him onto his side and cradle his head in your lap.

As you’ll see in my video, it’s easy to use your thumb and pointer finger to hold Fido’s eye open gently.

5. Apply the Ointment

Once you have administered the proper amount of ointment into the eye, let go of that eyelid (but not the dog) and allow your pup to blink a few times on his own and relax.

Then repeat the same with the other eye (if needed).

6. Massage the Eye(s) and Reward Your Pet

The final step in learning how to apply eye ointment to a dog is to keep your pet firmly in your hands and gently massage the eye(s).

This will allow the medication to spread evenly.

When you’re finished, be sure to give your pet a treat. You want to reward him for allowing you to apply the medication.

It will also help your dog associate getting eye medication with a positive experience to make the process easier for you in the future.

The method here can be easier to learn if you first try to do it whilst lying down, so that you are looking up at the ceiling. With practice you will be able to put it in while you are sitting in a chair.

If it is difficult to get the eye drop in this way, another method is to look in a mirror and put the drop into the outer corner of the eye opening. Do not allow the bottle or vial to touch your eye or any other surface.

If you have more than 1 eye drop to put in, wait 2-5 minutes before putting in the next eye drop. Put eye drops in before ointment or gel.

How to apply eye ointment

How to Apply Eye Gel

Similar to putting in eye drops, put a drop of the gel into the lower eyelid pocket. Gel is thicker and will blur the vision initially. Vision will clear after you blink a few times.

How To Apply Eye Ointment

Sometimes it can be tricky to get ointment into the eye, as it curls like a little snake out of the tube. If you are having difficulty getting the ointment into the lower eyelid pocket whilst looking at the ceiling, or in the mirror into the outer lower pocket of the eye, another method is: Wash your hands especially the index finger. Make sure the nail of your index finger is not sharp. Put a little ointment onto the tip of your index finger and put it into the lower eyelid pocket.

Eye ointments can be used to treat or prevent different eye infections. The most common use of antibiotic eye ointments is to prevent ophthalmia neonatorum, which is an eye infection that can affect newborns. Ophthalmia neonatorum affects babies who are born to mothers who are infected with chlamydia. As the baby passes through the birth canal, their eyes can become infected with Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which is the bacteria that causes gonorrhea.

If a woman doesn’t get screened for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), she might not know that she has contracted gonorrhea. Babies with this illness might not show any symptoms at birth. Symptoms can develop up to 5 days after delivery. Their eyes will become red, puffy, and pussy. Ophthalmia neonatorum requires intravenous antibiotics and a longer hospital stay, and it can result in permanent eye damage and blindness.

To prevent this disease, an ophthalmic ointment is applied to every newborn’s eyes. This ointment contains the antibiotic erythromycin. A doctor or nurse will apply a thin strip of ointment under each of your baby’s lower eyelids. The ointment will cause their vision to be blurry for a few minutes, but it doesn’t hurt or burn. Many physician and health organizations recommend applying eye ointment to all newborns.

Antibiotic eye ointment: what’s it for?

Gonorrhea isn’t the only bacteria that can cause eye infections in babies and children. Other causes of neonatal ophthalmia include chlamydia, bacteria such as staphylococcus and streptococcus, and viral infections like herpes. While most other microorganisms only cause a mild infection, neonatal conjunctivitis caused by gonorrhea can have serious consequences. Ophthalmia neonatorum affects 30 to 50 percent of children born to mothers with gonorrhea if preventative measures aren’t taken during birth.

It’s also important to keep in mind that newborns aren’t the only ones who can get an eye infection. Toddlers and older children can also suffer from eye infections. Conjunctivitis in children is usually caused by viruses or allergies; however, they can also be caused by bacteria. If your child has swollen eyelids, red eyes, and yellowish discharge, they have probably contracted bacterial conjunctivitis. Their pediatrician can prescribe an antibiotic eye ointment to treat it.

How to apply eye ointment: 7 tips

1. Wash your hands before applying the eye ointment

You need to make sure that your hands are clean, since you’ll be handling the ointment and your baby’s eyelids.

2. Have your child lie down on their back

If your child is still a baby, wrap them in a blanket so that they can’t bring their hands to their face. You can also ask someone else to help you.

3. Pull your child’s lower eyelid down very gently

To avoid causing any pain, perform this movement very gently and carefully without applying any pressure on the eye.

4. Apply a thin strip of ointment on the inside of your child’s eyelid

Avoid touching your baby’s eyes with the tip of the ointment tube.

5. Let your child close their eyes for a few minutes

Eye ointment doesn’t hurt or burn, but it can make your child’s vision a bit blurry. Let them lie down with their eyes closed for a few minutes.

6. Ask your child to blink a few times

Blinking will spread the ointment across the entire surface of the eye.

7. Wipe away any excess ointment

Use a clean tissue to clean any excess ophthalmic ointment that has spread around your baby’s eyes.

How to look after your child after applying eye ointment

Eye ointment shouldn’t cause any discomfort, and your child can return to their normal activities after treatment. Make sure you complete the entire course of antibiotic eye ointment that your doctor prescribed, even if your child’s symptoms have already disappeared.

If your baby goes to sleep soon after getting their eye ointment, it’s normal for their eyes to look sticky. Clean their eyelids and the skin around their eyes with a clean tissue. Eye ointments and drops should be discarded no later than 4 weeks after being opened (check the package to know the specifics), since they can become infected. It’s a good idea to write the day you opened the ointment on the tube so that you won’t forget to discard it on time.

Baby ophthalmic ointment: true or false?

1. Your baby only needs the ointment if you’ve been diagnosed with an STI

False. Don’t feel offended if your nurse tells you that they’re going to apply an antibiotic eye ointment to your baby’s eyes to avoid complications caused by gonorrhea. This practice has been followed for decades. Many women never show symptoms of gonorrhea even though they’ve been infected, and a baby’s eyes can appear completely healthy at birth only to develop neonatal conjunctivitis later on.

Additionally, neonatal conjunctivitis can be caused by many other organisms, including bacteria that normally live in your rectum and vagina. Taking preventative measures is better than having to treat a serious infection later.

2. Your baby doesn’t need eye ointment if you’re having a c-section

False! Doctors usually prescribe eye ointment after c-sections as well. In fact, that is required by law in most US states. Always follow the recommendations of your healthcare professional to ensure your and your baby’s health.

3. It’s better to decline the eye ointment for your baby and only treat the neonatal conjunctivitis if/when it develops

False! Although doctors can treat the infection if it develops later, ophthalmia neonatorum is a very serious disease. It can progress very quickly and cause permanent damage to your baby’s eyes.

Instead of getting a thin swipe of eye ointment at birth, your baby could be faced with a IV treatment, lengthy hospitalization, and lifelong consequences. And you could miss precious memories, such as breastfeeding your baby for the first time. Preventative care is always best!

Putting eye ointment on your baby’s eyes can seem difficult, but it’s a straightforward procedure that can be used to prevent neonatal conjunctivitis or treat eye infections. Becoming comfortable applying eye ointments is a good skill to learn!

CBM Capacity Development Officer and Medical Advisor, PO Box 58004, 00200 City Square, Ring Road Parklands, Nairobi, Kenya.

Sue Stevens

Former Nurse Advisor, Community Eye Health Journal, International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK.

How to apply eye ointment

How to apply eye ointment

Extra care is necessary when instilling eye drops and eye ointment in babies and children. It is also important that parents and carers are taught how to continue the treatment when the child leaves the eye clinic or hospital setting. Allow parents to practice, and supervise and support them until they feel confident to do it on their own.

Before performing this procedure

Wash your hands (and afterwards too).

Ask the parent and any other helper to wash their hands.

Ensure good lighting.

Explain to the parent (and child, if old enough to understand) that the medicine needs to be put into the eye and that it will make the eye better.

Explain that, once the medication has been put in, the vision may be blurred for some time.

Some eye drops cause a stinging sensation – tell the parent and the child so they can expect it: doing so is important as it builds trust.

You will need

Treatment card or prescription note

Cotton wool, swab, or paper tissue

Cooled boiled water, if the eye needs cleaning

A toy or colourful picture


Show the child what the container of eye drops/ointment looks like. Put some on the back of the child’s hand so he or she knows what it feels like.

Use your finger to point at your own eye and show where the drop/ointment is going to be instilled. You can also pretend to instil some in the parent’s eye to show the child what to expect.

Ask the parent to hold the child in a gentle, comforting manner.

Encourage the parent to speak to the child in a comforting way throughout the procedure and to cuddle the child immediately afterwards.

A baby or child who is too young to cooperate may be wrapped in a sheet or blanket to restrain their arms (see Figure 8 on page 6).

Work as quickly and calmly as you can – this minimises the child’s distress.


Check the medication label against the treatment chart (if in hospital) or against the prescription note (if at home).

Ensure the eye(s) are clean. To clean the eye, moisten cotton wool, a swab, or a paper tissue with cooled, boiled water and gently wipe the closed eye from the inner to outer canthus. Use each swab/cotton wool/tissue once only.

Ask the child to look upwards. You can ask a helper to hold up a toy. Alternatively, attach a toy or colourful picture to the ceiling.

Gently pull down the lower eyelid to create a ‘sac’ (Figure ​ (Figure1 1 ).

How to apply eye ointment

NOTE: In the case of a child who is unable to cooperate, you will need to ease the eye open gently (do not pull), by holding the upper and lower eyelids apart simultaneously while you instil the drop or ointment (Figure ​ (Figure2). 2 ). It is very important to avoid any pressure on the eye.

How to apply eye ointment

Hold the tip of the bottle, dropper, or tube close to the eye, but do not allow it to touch the eye. Instil one drop (Figure ​ (Figure3) 3 ) or apply a line of ointment (Figure ​ (Figure4) 4 ) in the ‘sac’. Release the eyelid(s) so the eye can close.

How to apply eye ointment

How to apply eye ointment

Wait three to five minutes before instilling any other prescribed drop or ointment.

After the procedure

Replace the top of the bottle, dropper, or tube immediately after use.

Reassure the parent and the child that you have finished.

Wash your hands.

Praise the child and emphasise how well the child has behaved – whatever the reaction has been!

With agreement from the parent, give the child some sort of reward, such as a sweet or a special food or toy. For babies, encourage the mother to put them to her breast.

If the child has an infection in either eye, ensure that the bottle or tube is only used for this child and thrown away when the child is discharged, or given only to this child to take home.

Advising parents who have to continue treatment at home

Advise the parent to ask someone to help them hold the child when instilling the eye drops or ointment. If this is not possible, they can wrap the child in a blanket so their arms are restrained. A helper may still be needed to gently hold the eye open as described above. Ensure that any helpers have washed their hands.

Contributor Information

Ingrid Mason, CBM Capacity Development Officer and Medical Advisor, PO Box 58004, 00200 City Square, Ring Road Parklands, Nairobi, Kenya.

Sue Stevens, Former Nurse Advisor, Community Eye Health Journal, International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK.

Chloramphenicol comes in different strengths. How much you use depends on what it’s for and whether you’re using the eye drops, eye ointment or ear drops.

How to use chloramphenicol

To use all types of chloramphenicol:

  • always wash your hands before (and after) using chloramphenicol – this prevents you from passing the infection to the other eye or ear
  • remove the cap just before using your medicine and replace it as soon as you’ve finished
  • do not touch the eye dropper or tube with your fingers
  • make sure the nozzle does not touch your eye or ear, or your skin
  • use a mirror to help you see what you’re doing
  • tilt your head back or to the side to put drops in your eyes or ears

When you’ve finished your treatment, throw away any leftover medicine.

How to use eye drops

If you’re using 0.5% chloramphenicol eye drops, put one drop into the affected eye every 2 hours (during waking hours) for the first 2 days. Then every 4 hours for the next 3 days, or as your doctor advises.

Tilt your head back and gently pull down your lower eyelid with a clean finger. Hold the bottle over your eye and allow a single drop to fall into the space between your lower lid and your eye. Close your eye for a few minutes. Wipe away any extra liquid with a clean tissue.

For more severe infections, your doctor may recommend using ointment at bedtime and eye drops during the day. This is because the ointment works better while you sleep. The eye drops allow you to get on with your day as normal, as they do not affect your eyesight.

How to use eye ointment

If you’re using 1% chloramphenicol eye ointment, apply it to the affected eye every 3 hours (during waking hours). Do this 3 to 4 times a day, or as your doctor advises.

Gently pull down your lower eyelid with a clean finger and tilt your head back. Hold the tube with the nozzle close to your eye and gently squeeze about 1 centimetre of ointment into the space between your lower lid and your eye. Close your eye for a few minutes.

With more severe infections, your doctor may recommend using eye ointment at bedtime. This is because the ointment sticks to the surface of the eye and eyelid and works while you sleep.

How to use ear drops

If you’re using 5% or 10% chloramphenicol ear drops, put 3 or 4 drops into the affected ear 2 to 3 times a day, or as your doctor advises.

Tilt your head and bring the tube up to the affected ear, with the dropper close to your ear hole. Squeeze the drops into your ear.

If you can, lie down for at least 10 minutes afterwards. Turn your head to one side, so your affected ear is towards the ceiling. After this, put some cotton wool in your ear.

How long to use it for

Eye drops

Use the drops for 5 days, even if your eye seems better.

Do not use them for more than 5 days, unless your doctor tells you to. This is because your eyes can become more sensitive or you could get another eye infection.

Eye ointment

Use the ointment until the eye appears normal and for 2 days afterwards. Do not use it for more than 5 days, unless your doctor tells you to.

Ear drops

Use the drops for up to 1 week. Do not use the medicine for longer than this unless your doctor tells you to. This is because your ears can become more sensitive or you could get another ear infection.

If you forget to use it

If you forget to use chloramphenicol drops or ointment, use or apply it as soon as you remember. Then continue to use it at the usual time.

If you often forget to use your chloramphenicol, it may help to set an alarm to remind you. You could also ask your pharmacist for advice on other ways to remember your medicines.

If you use too much

Do not worry if a few more drops of chloramphenicol accidentally fall into your eye or ear, or if you apply more of the ointment than you meant to.

Urgent advice: Contact 111 for advice now if:

  • you or your child swallow chloramphenicol ointment or drops

Go to or call 111. If you need advice for a child under the age of 5 years, call 111.

If 111 advise you to go to A&E, do not drive yourself. Get someone else to drive you or call for an ambulance.

Take the leaflet that came with your drops or ointment, plus any remaining medicine with you.

More in Chloramphenicol

Page last reviewed: 9 February 2022
Next review due: 9 February 2025

If we want to maximize the effectiveness of any eye ointment, we need to learn how to apply it correctly.

Many parents are asking themselves whether it is better to use eye drops or ointment. Well, this is individual. Many drugs are found in only one of the forms, so in these cases there is no dilemma. If the drug is available in a form of drops and an ointment, then the parents need to decide, which treatment option is easier to apply.

Drops – the application in children may be tricky, but it is very quick.

Ointment – application is not easy, and many children are bothered by the ointment and wipe it off as soon as the parent leaves them alone.

Some parents are combining both preparations – drops in the morning and noon and ointment at night when the child is asleep. As you will see ahead, if you want to apply the ointment correctly, it is exceedingly difficult to achieve when the child is asleep.

How to apply?

  • Wash your hands with soap and water.
  • Ask the child to tilt his head back, or hold his head with a tilt backwards.
  • Using your finger, pull downward the middle part of the lower eyelid.
  • Apply the ointment inside the little “pocket” created (better directly without the help of another finger or the tip of the tube).
  • Wipe the remaining ointment and ask the child to close his eyes for a little bit.
  • You can try to apply the ointment while the child is asleep. Gently pull the lower eyelid as described above and hope that you won’t wake up your child.

With this correct applying form, there is no need to apply the ointment to the upper eyelid, since the ointment will spread to that area as well.

Many parents (myself included) find this to be an impossible task, so many parents use their finger for application. In addition, many parents do not pull the lower eyelid downward, and just apply the ointment on the area below the eyelid or on the eyelashes, hoping for absorption. This usually does happen, something will get inside, but probably very little.

This page provides information on how to give your child eye ointment and how to look after the medicine.

What to do

  1. Wash your hands.
  2. Get your child into any of these positions to apply the eye ointment:
    • tilt your child’s head back
    • lay your child flat on their back
    • ask someone to hold your child in a safe position
    • wrap your baby or young child in a light blanket or sheet to keep his or her arms and legs still
  3. Remove the top from the tube and throw away the plastic seal.
  4. Gently pull down your child’s lower eyelid.
  1. Apply a half-inch (1cm) strip of ointment inside the inner surface of your child’s lower eyelid.
  2. Let go of their lower eyelid and ask your child to close their eyes for a few minutes.
  3. Put the top back on the ointment tube.
  4. After a few minutes, ask your child to blink a few times to make sure the whole of the eye is covered by the ointment.
  5. Wipe away any excess with a clean tissue.

Storing the eye ointment safely

  • Always check the expiry date of the medicine before giving it to your child.
  • Keep the tube tightly closed in a cool, dark place according to the label.
  • Read the instructions on the label and only use the ointment in the affected eye. If you are given a different tube for each eye, make sure you use the correct tube for each eye.
  • Eye ointments should not be used more than four weeks after you first open the tube. This is because they can become dirty and infected. If you are giving your child eye ointment for a certain number of days, write the date you open the tube on the label so you will know when to throw it away.
  • Keep all medicines out of the reach of children.


Please read this information sheet from GOSH alongside the patient information leaflet (PIL) provided by the manufacturer. If you do not have a copy of the manufacturer’s patient information leaflet please talk to your pharmacist. A few products do not have a marketing authorisation (licence) as a medicine and therefore there is no PIL.

For children in particular, there may be conflicts of information between the manufacturer’s patient information leaflet (PIL) and guidance provided by GOSH and other healthcare providers. For example, some manufacturers may recommend, in the patient information leaflet, that a medicine is not given to children aged under 12 years. In most cases, this is because the manufacturer will recruit adults to clinical trials in the first instance and therefore the initial marketing authorisation (licence) only covers adults and older children.

For new medicines, the manufacturer then has to recruit children and newborns into trials (unless the medicine is not going to be used in children and newborns) and subsequently amend the PIL with the approved information. Older medicines may have been used effectively for many years in children without problems but the manufacturer has not been required to collect data and amend the licence. This does not mean that it is unsafe for children and young people to be prescribed such a medicine ‘off-licence/off-label’. However, if you are concerned about any conflicts of information, please discuss with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Allergan Prednisolone Mild 0.12% eye drop to treat the inflammation, 1 drop 4 times a day for 2 weeks. Alcon Tears Naturale preservative free, 1 drop 6-8 times a day for a month. Alcon Duratears Naturale for dry eye, to be used every night.

Actually I don’t have any problem until I started using the eye ointment last night. Have counseled countless number of patients the ways to use eye ointment, but when I try to administer it into my own eye last night, I found some difficulties too! First, I’ve shaky hands! Friends who know me well sure know that I’ve shaky hands, not because I’m nervous or having hyperthyroidism, just born like that

Second, I really dislike the blurry and cloudy vision after using the ointment.

How To Administer An Ophthalmic Ointment

1. Wash your hands carefully with soap and warm water.

2. Gently cleanse the affected eyelid with warm water and a soft cloth before applying the ointment.

3. In front of a mirror , with the affected eye looking upward, gently pull the lower eyelid downward with your index finger to form a pouch.

4. Squeeze a thin line (approximately 1cm) of the ointment along the pouch.
IMPORTANT: Be very careful when applying this ointment. DO NOT allow the tip of the ointment tube to touch the eyelid, the eyeball, your finger, or any surface.

5. Close the eye gently and rotate the eyeball to distribute the ointment. You may blink several times to evenly spread the ointment.

6. Replace the cap on the ointment tube.

After you apply the ointment, your vision may be blurred temporarily . Do not be alarmed. This will clear up in a short while, but do not drive a car or operate machinery until your vision has cleared.

* This is a sterile ointment. Contamination of the tip or the cap of the tube can lead to a serious eye infection.
* If irritation persists or increases, discontinue use immediately.
* Generally, eye makeup should be avoided while using eye ointments.

How to apply eye ointment

Ointments are widely used to treat various eye problems along with eye drops. Because they go directly into your eye, they can start to work quicker than your regular oral medicine. How to use antibiotic eye ointment? Eye ointments are medicines in semisolid form. Your body heat makes them melt. Once you apply ointment directly to your eye, it breaks into tiny droplets. These stay in between your eyeball and eyelid for a while. It gives the medicine ample time to work. How to use an antibiotic eye ointment might raise some concerns. So in this article, we will break down everything you need to know.

Eye ointments are generally safe to use. Most people use them when necessary. But they might sting a bit or cause your eyesight to be blurry. That’s why doctors usually suggest using them before bedtime.

What Causes Bacterial Eye Infections?

Bacterial conjunctivitis

The most common cause of eye infection is bacterial conjunctivitis. It can quickly spread in places with a lot of people. The usual cases are children in daycare and at school.

Contact-lens related eye infections

If you use a contact lens in a daily manner, you should know that improper usage can also cause eye problems. Sleeping with contact lenses on and wearing contaminated contact lenses can additionally lead to bacterial eye infections.

Why Do You Need It?

You could also be prescribed an eye ointment for many other reasons. Applying eye ointment can help prevent or treat:

  • Acute or long-term eye complications.
  • Mild to severe eye infections.
  • Inflammatory conditions.
  • Soreness, due to dry-eye syndrome.

Applying Ophthalmic Ointment

Follow these steps:

  • Wash your hands. Make sure your hands are clean before applying the ointment.
  • If you are wearing contact lenses, remove them.
  • Hold the tube securely in your hand.
  • Look above you and tilt your head slightly.
  • Hold the tube close within 1 inch from your eye.
  • Gently pull down your lower lid to open your eyes a bit more.
  • Squeeze a pea-size amount of ointment into your eye.
  • Keep looking at the ceiling and gently close your eye for a minute. This helps to absorb the medicine better. Some eye ointments may sting for a moment.
  • Wash your hands again.

Your eyesight might be cloudy or blurred after putting on the eye ointment. Some also experience mild redness of your eye. Don’t put too much in, if you don’t want your eyes to feel a bit sticky.

Use clean tissues to wipe off any excess ointment around your eye. Wipe clean the top of the tube before you return the cap as well. The tube should never touch anything to avoid contamination.

Eye discharge, dry eyes or eye swelling may be caused by a number of eye conditions ranging from cherry eye to conjunctivitis. There are a number of eye medications, such as eye ointment, that will help relieve the symptoms or clear the condition completely. In order to help the healing process along, it is important to understand how to properly administer eye ointment.

Administering Eye Ointment

When your veterinarian prescribes an ophthalmic eye ointment, he will provide precise instructions on how to administer it. He will likely tell you to begin the process by making sure you are in a closed, small space so your pet will not be tempted run. Next:

  1. Steady your dogs head with one hand.
  2. Draw down on the lower eyelid with your thumb to expose the conjunctival sac (space behind the lower eyelid).
  3. Rest the hand containing the applicator against the dog’s forehead, this way if the dog jerks his head your hand will move with it, preventing the applicator from poking him in the eye.
  4. Squeeze out a ribbon of ointment, slowly.
  5. Once the ointment has landed in the eye, gently close the eyelids
  6. Massage the eyelid a bit to spread the ointment over the entire eyeball

Eye ointment should never be used without a veterinarian’s recommendation or prescription. If you use over-the-counter ointments, please make sure it is specifically labeled for ophthalmic use. Check the expiration date on the label and understand that extended use of antibiotics on the eye may lead to resistant infections.

Before putting in a new dose of eye ointment, your veterinarian may recommend cleaning or flushing the eye with artificial tears.

Signs of Eye Ailments in Dogs

If you suspect that your dog has an eye condition, please see your vet immediately. Eye problems can advance from minor to serious in a very short time. Common symptoms to look for when diagnosing eye pain include:

  • tearing
  • squinting
  • sensitivity to light
  • tenderness to the touch
  • cying
  • whining
  • lethargy

Conjunctivitis can cause redness and eye discharge, and a membrane condition may show a film over the eye.

If your dog’s eyes are cloudy, accompanied by signs of pain, this may be a sign of glaucoma, keratitis or uveitis. A hard eye with a dilated pupil indicates glaucoma and a soft eye with a small pupil indicates uveitis. To do quick check of your dog’s eye condition, use a dark room, a flash light and a magnifying glass for best results. If you notice any of the symptoms listed above, contact your vet immediately. If there is some reason you prefer to wait, a condition that persists for more than 24 hours is considered serious, so do your best to take your pet to see a vet.

How to apply eye ointment

An ophthalmic ointment is a semi-solid, greasy or creamy topical treatment for certain eye conditions, whether mild or severe. Ophthalmic ointments are often recommended for eye infections, dry eyes and blepharitis (eyelid inflammation), among many other issues of the eye.

Some conditions may require a prescription antibiotic ointment to ensure proper healing, while others only require an over-the-counter regimen.

Always talk to your eye doctor before using an ointment or other topical eye remedy, as the care you need may vary depending on the condition, its severity and its underlying cause.

What is ophthalmic ointment used for?

Ophthalmic ointments are recommended to treat conditions such as:

Eyelid conditions such as blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction

Dry eyes/dry eye syndrome

Types of ophthalmic ointment

There are various types of ophthalmic ointment. Each contains different ingredients to target what caused an eye condition to emerge.

Categories of ophthalmic ointment include:

Antibiotic ointment – Kills the bacteria that caused an eye or eyelid infection

Lubricating ointment – Aids in keeping the eyes moist when conditions such as dry eye are present

Note: Antibiotic ointment may be recommended for cases of bacterial pink eye, as this type of ointment targets the bacteria causing the infection. But viral pink eye is caused by a virus, which does not respond to antibiotics. 

If you have viral pink eye, you may be able to soothe some of your symptoms with a lubricating ointment, but a viral infection usually just needs to clear up on its own.

Commonly used ophthalmic ointments

 Some commonly prescribed and/or recommended ophthalmic ointments include:

Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic – An antibiotic used to treat corneal ulcers and inflammation (keratitis), as well as bacterial eye infections.

Bacitracin, Polymyxin B and Neomycin (triple antibiotic ointment) – An antibiotic used for eye and eyelid infections.

Erythromycin Used in the treatment of bacterial eye infections, as well as preventing bacterial eye infections in newborns.

Tobramycin – An antibiotic used for eye infections.

Stye – An over-the-counter brand name of ointment used to treat styes.

General over-the-counter soothing or lubricating eye ointments – Used to treat mild discomfort and dryness and/or aid in the treatment of viral eye infections.

The best ophthalmic ointment depends on what your condition is. Some ointments are only available by prescription, while others may be purchased over the counter. Talk to your eye doctor about the best option for you.

How to use ophthalmic ointment

It’s critical that you use your eye ointment as directed by your doctor or pharmacist. If used incorrectly, ophthalmic ointment may not successfully treat your condition — and it could take longer to heal. 

Here are some steps you can follow to apply ophthalmic ointment properly:

Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water before using the ointment.

Inspect the tube for any damage and be sure to avoid allowing the tip to touch anything (including your fingers and eyes).

Lean your head back or stand in front of a mirror to get a better look at what you are doing. Doing these things can make the process easier.

Use a finger or two to gently pull down the lower eyelid, creating a pouch between the lid and your eyeball. 

Place the tube of ointment close to your eye, being careful not to actually touch it, and squeeze a thin line of ointment in the pouch you created.

Once the ointment has been applied, slowly blink a few times and then close your eyes for a minute or two to let it absorb completely.

Use a clean tissue to wipe away any excess ointment from your eye area. A different clean tissue should be used to wipe the tip of the ointment tube before you replace the lid.

Finally, wash your hands once more to remove any additional ointment from your fingers.

Other ophthalmic treatments

Some other topical ophthalmic treatments include ophthalmic solutions and emulsions. These are different from ointments in their texture, and one may be more appropriate for treatment than another. Certain conditions may require a combination of these remedies. 

Ophthalmic solution refers to any type of liquid eye drop, whether prescription or over-the-counter, used to treat eye conditions and alleviate discomfort from symptoms.

An ophthalmic emulsion is a type of eye drop that combines water and oil to help keep it on the surface of the eye for a longer period of time than an ordinary solution. Cyclosporine (Restasis) is a popular ophthalmic emulsion.

Depending on the condition, your eye doctor may also recommend using cool or warm compresses or taking certain medications, such as oral antihistamines or pain relievers.

Possible side effects of ophthalmic ointment

Topical remedies can provide relief for the eyes, but some people may experience side effects from the product, including:

If you experience these side effects or any other problems after using an ophthalmic ointment, discontinue use and contact your eye doctor as soon as possible. Don’t hesitate to reach out to an eye care professional for any other eye problems or concerns.

Notes and References

Neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin ophthalmic. MedlinePlus, National Library of Medicine. April 2016.

Chalazion and stye treatment. Stanford Health Care. Accessed September 2021.

Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic. MedlinePlus, National Library of Medicine. February 2018.

Erythromycin ophthalmic. MedlinePlus, National Library of Medicine. January 2017. 

Tobramycin ophthalmic. MedlinePlus, National Library of Medicine. August 2017. 

Neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin ophthalmic combination is used to treat eye and eyelid infections. Neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin are in a class of medications called antibiotics. Neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin combination works by stopping the growth of bacteria infecting a surface of the eye.

How should this medicine be used?

Ophthalmic neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin combination comes as an ointment to apply inside the lower lid of an infected eye. The ointment is usually applied to the eye every 3 to 4 hours for 7 to 10 days, as directed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Use neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin ophthalmic ointment exactly as directed. Do not use more or less of it or use it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Your eye or eyelid infection should begin getting better during the first few days of treatment with neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin combination. If your symptoms do not go away or get worse, call your doctor.

Continue to use neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin combination as directed, even if your symptoms improve. Do not stop using neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin combination without talking to your doctor. If you stop using this medication too soon or skip doses, your infection may not be completely cured and bacteria may become resistant to antibiotics.

This medication is for use in the eye only. Do not let neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin combination get into your nose or mouth, and do not swallow it.

Never share your tube of ophthalmic ointment, even with someone who was also prescribed this medication. If more than one person uses the same tube, infection may spread.

Here’s a recent question we received about applying ointment:

“I have used this product as prescribed by my doctor, and share the same issues regarding application as another questioner: How does one consistently apply the correct amount of this product without pressing against my finger or eyelid? It can be very challenging, especially as the bottle starts to run low and you also have to maintain a firm squeeze. I don’t imagine it gets much easier with this product, but I’m curious to know if anybody knows of other similar products that are easier to apply.”

I am not an ointment user, so I reached out to our Facebook group for some feedback. Here are some responses:

    • (From Drea) I wash my hands first. Then I pull down the skin in front of my left eye. I fill the channel with ointment from outter eye to inner eye. Then I pull down my skin under the right eye and fill from inner eye to outer eye. I quickly cap the lid. Then I close both eyes. I hold both my eye brows down. I then look straight up, with eyes still shut, and then roll them back an forth to disperse the ointment in the upper part of my eye and into the outer corners. I then feel my way to bed. I sleep mostly on my back, which helps keep the ointment in at night. If I stand upright too long it does ooze out. I use a wash cloth folded in three over my eyes to keep the escaping ointment contained on it rather than the pillow and my hair. I have learned over the years to hold it when I turn over to the right. I never sleep on my left or stomach due to my pancreatic disease. I put the ointment in at bedtime and then when I wake up half way through the night. I wash the cloth in hot soapy water by hand and then throw it in the washing machine with my pillow slip 3 times a week. I do bleach them. Been doing this since 1993.
    • (From Audrey) Ointment and drops are different. Drops. I pull down lower lid and drop in one eye then the other and gently blink. When using ointment directly before sleep, I pull the bottom lid down and apply tip of ointment to bottom lid at temple area and pull ointment along the bottom lid. I try and keep eyes open while applying ointment to other eye. Once I complete the ointment application, I do not open my eyes again until morning. The ointment creates a suction on the upper eye lid to keep moisture in the eyes. Works. as per cornea specialist. went from worst dry eye to remission.
    • (From Barbara) I pull down the bottom lid and put the ointment inside the bottom lid, close my eye and roll it to spread the ointment over my eye. Sometimes I use a little tool that I got from dry eye shop and follow the instructions included with the tool. /simplytouch-eye-drop-applicator
    • Teah also mentioned using the SimplyTouch.

    Please post additional tips in the comments below!

    Great Information. Really very impressive & effective blog that you have shared with us. Thanks for providing such an informative post. Keep up the good job

    Similarly, it is asked, can you use Muro 128 long term?

    Your eye doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to. This medicine is not for longterm use. Follow the instructions on the medicine label if you are using this medicine without a prescription.

    Also Know, what is sodium chloride ophthalmic ointment used for? Uses for sodium chloride Hypertonic sodium chloride eye ointment and eye drops are used to draw water out of a swollen cornea. The extra water in the cornea can cause your vision to be poor. You may also see halos or rings around point light sources. The cornea is the clear cover over the colored part of your eye.

    Accordingly, can Muro 128 be used for dry eyes?

    Sometimes dry eye patients need nighttime ointments, which are thicker than the gel variety, to coat the eye. Dr. Sheppard prefers Refresh P.M. (Allergan) or Muro 128 (Bausch & Lomb, Rochester, N.Y.) “You can use these products in the day, but nighttime is better,” Dr.

    What is Bausch & Lomb Muro 128 used for?

    Muro 128 (for the eyes) is used to reduce swelling of the cornea (the front surface of your eye) caused by surgery, infection, trauma, or other eye conditions. Sodium chloride, hypertonic, ophthalmic may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

    Lacri-lube eye ointment contains white soft paraffin, liquid paraffin (also known as mineral oil) and lanolin alcohols (also known as wool alcohols). These ingredients produce a transparent, lubricating and moistening film on the surface of the eyeball.

    Lacri-lube eye ointment provides soothing relief from the symptoms of dry eyes, such as soreness, irritation or a gritty sensation. These may be caused by your eye not producing enough tears to keep the eye moist, or by things such as certain medical conditions or treatments.

    The ointment also helps protect the eyeball and can thus be useful for people who suffer from recurrent corneal epithelial erosion.

    Lacri-lube eye ointment is particularly useful at night as it remains in the eye longer than drops.

    How do I use it?

    • This ointment can be used as often as needed. It is particularly helpful for protecting the eyeball at night, because it lubricates the eye for longer than drops.
    • If you are using any other eye drops you should apply them first and then wait for at least five minutes before using this eye ointment.
    • Click here for instructions on how to use your eye ointment.
    • Always wash your hands before putting the ointment in your eyes.
    • When using the eye ointment you should take care not to touch your eye or any surface with the tip of the tube, to avoid contaminating the eye ointment.
    • Lacri-lube eye ointment is sterile until opened. Any remaining medicine should be disposed of four weeks after the first opening, as it is likely to be contaminated with dirt or germs that could cause eye infections. You may find it helpful to write the date of first opening on the packet.


    • You should not wear contact lenses while you are using this eye ointment.
    • The eye ointment may cause your vision to blur temporarily after you have applied it into your eyes. Do not drive or operate machinery until your vision is clear.
    • If your eye irritation persists or gets worse after using this eye ointment, or you experience eye pain, vision changes or continued redness, you should stop using this eye ointment and consult your doctor.

    Not to be used in

    • Known sensitivity or allergy to any ingredient.

    This medicine should not be used if you are allergic to one or any of its ingredients. Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy.

    If you feel you have experienced an allergic reaction, stop using this medicine and inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately.

    Pregnancy and breastfeeding

    Certain medicines should not be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding. However, other medicines may be safely used in pregnancy or breastfeeding providing the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks to the unborn baby. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, before using any medicine.

    • There are no known harmful effects when this medicine is used by pregnant or breastfeeding mothers.

    Side effects

    Medicines and their possible side effects can affect individual people in different ways. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine. Just because a side effect is stated here, it does not mean that all people using this medicine will experience that or any side effect.

    • Temporary blurred vision after application.
    • Irritation, burning or stinging of the eye.

    The side effects listed above may not include all of the side effects reported by the medicine’s manufacturer.

    For more information about any other possible risks associated with this medicine, please read the information provided with the medicine or consult your doctor or pharmacist.

    How can this medicine affect other medicines?

    If you are using any other eye drops you should apply them first and then wait for at least five minutes before using this eye ointment.

    This medication is used to relieve dry, irritated eyes. Common causes for dry eyes include wind, sun, heating/air conditioning, computer use/reading, and certain medications.This product may contain 1 or more of the following ingredients: carboxymethylcellulose, dextran, glycerin, hypromellose, polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400), polysorbate, polyvinyl alcohol, povidone, or propylene glycol, among others.Eye lubricants keep the eye moist, help to protect the eye from injury and infection, and decrease symptoms of dry eyes such as burning, itching, and feeling as if something is in the eye.

    How to use Eye Lubricant Ointment

    Follow all directions on the product package. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Do not use a solution that has changed color or is cloudy. Certain brands (containing glycerin with polysorbates, among other ingredients) may have a milky appearance. This is okay as long as the solution does not change color. Some eye drops need to be shaken before use. Check the label to see if you should shake your product before using.

    Usually, drops may be used as often as needed. Ointments are usually used 1 to 2 times daily as needed. If using an ointment once a day, it may be best to use it at bedtime.

    To apply eye ointment/drops/gels: Wash hands first. To avoid contamination, be careful not to touch the dropper or top of the ointment tube or let it touch your eye. Always replace the cap tightly after each use. Tilt your head back, look up, and pull down the lower eyelid to make a pouch. For drops/gels, place the dropper directly over the eye and squeeze out 1 or 2 drops as needed. Look down and gently close your eye for 1 or 2 minutes. Place one finger at the corner of the eye near the nose and apply gentle pressure. This will prevent the medication from draining away from the eye. For an ointment, hold the tube directly over the eye and gently squeeze a small strip (one-fourth of an inch or roughly 6 millimeters) of ointment into the pouch. Release the eyelid, close the eye, and slowly roll your eye in all directions to spread the medication. Blot away any extra ointment from around the eye with a clean tissue.

    If you are also using another kind of eye medication (such as drops or ointments), wait at least 5 minutes before applying other medications. Use eye drops before eye ointments to allow the eye drops to enter the eye.

    If you wear contact lenses, remove them before using most kinds of eye lubricants. Ask your doctor or pharmacist when you may replace your contact lenses. There are a few types of eye lubricants (some that contain polysorbates) that can be used while wearing contact lenses. Check the package to see if you can wear your contact lenses while using your product.

    Similarly, how do you use polymyxin B sulfate neomycin sulfate dexamethasone?

    Ointment: Apply into pocket between eyeball and lower lid; patient should look downward before closing eye. To avoid contamination, do not touch tip of tube to eye or any other surface. Suspension: Shake well before using. Tilt head back, instill suspension into the conjunctival sac, and close eye(s).

    Furthermore, what is neomycin and polymyxin B sulfate and dexamethasone ophthalmic ointment used for? This medication is used to treat conditions involving swelling (inflammation) of the eyes and to treat or prevent bacterial eye infections. This product contains neomycin and polymyxin, antibiotics that work by stopping the growth of bacteria. This medication treats/prevents only bacterial eye infections.

    Secondly, how do you apply neomycin and polymyxin B sulfates and dexamethasone ophthalmic ointment?

    Tilt your head back slightly and pull down gently on your lower eyelid. Apply a thin film of the ointment into your lower eyelid. Close your eye and roll your eyeball around in all directions for 1 to 2 minutes. If you are applying another eye medication, allow at least 10 minutes before your next application.

    How long should I use neomycin eye drops?

    Ophthalmic neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin combination comes as an ointment to apply inside the lower lid of an infected eye. The ointment is usually applied to the eye every 3 to 4 hours for 7 to 10 days, as directed by your doctor.

    If you find your dog blinking, tearing, squinting or pawing at his eyes, you might soon be faced with the task of administering eye ointment. Although this seems unpleasant, it can be a quick, painless process, and in no time, you’ll look into those loving, familiar, bright dog eyes again.

    Step 1

    Find a quiet room that’s free of distractions. Avoid loud noises from the television or radio that might startle your dog, and steer clear from windows through which your dog might see other animals.

    Step 2

    Place a sturdy, waist-high table that’s large enough for your dog to lie down on in the room. Use a table with an easy-to-clean surface or cover the table with an old cloth, because administering eye ointment can sometimes get messy.

    Step 3

    Lay out all the items you need within hands reach so you never have to walk away and leave your pet companion alone.

    Step 4

    Wash your hands with antibacterial soap and water to avoid the spread of bacteria.

    Step 5

    Muzzle your dog if you suspect he might bite you.

    Step 6

    Sit or lay your dog on the table so you have easy access to his head and eyes. Gently place one arm over his upper body so you can safely hold him in place and protect him from injuries. Pet him and say comforting words to help calm him down. Alternatively, have a helper keep your dog still and calm while you administer the eye ointment.

    Step 7

    Moisten a cotton ball with saline solution or warm water and gently wipe it from the inner corner of your dog’s eye toward the outer corner to remove any debris or discharge.

    Step 8

    Hold the ophthalmic ointment in your dominant hand, place your wrist under your dog’s chin and lift it up so his noise points straight up.

    Step 9

    Place your nondominant hand on top of your dog’s head and pull back his upper eyelid with your fingers.

    Step 10

    Squeeze the tube and apply some of the ointment to your pet companion’s eye according to dosage instructions. Avoid touching the surface of your dog’s eye with the tube.

    Step 11

    Release your dog’s upper eyelid, gently push it down so his eye closes and make a circular motion with your finger above the eye to distribute the ointment over the eyeball.

    Step 12

    Give your dog a treat and praise him for good behavior.

    Always check with your veterinarian before changing your pet’s diet, medication, or physical activity routines. This information is not a substitute for a vet’s opinion.

    SYSTANE® NIGHTTIME Ointment is designed to keep your eyes lubricated and comfortable while you sleep. It forms a smooth, protective layer for the eyes that provides dry eye symptom relief at night.

    How to apply eye ointment

    Product Details

    • Nighttime protection
    • Preservative-free formula
    • Remove contact lenses before use
    • Available in 3.5g tubes

    How to apply eye ointment

    Drug Facts

    Pull down the lower lid of the affected eye and apply a small amount (one-fourth inch) of ointment to the inside of the eyelid.

    For use as a lubricant to prevent further irritation or to relieve dryness of the eye.

    Active Ingredients Purpose
    Mineral Oil 3% Lubricant
    White Petrolatum 94% Lubricant

    Inactive Ingredients

    Anhydrous Liquid Lanolin 3%.

    For external use only.

    Do not use if you are sensitive to any ingredient in this product

    When using this product, remove contact lenses first. To avoid contamination, do touch tip container to any surface, and replace after using.

    Stop use and ask a doctor if you experience any of the following:

    • eye pain
    • changes in vision
    • redness or irritation of the eye(s) that gets worse, persists or lasts longer than 72 hours

    Keep out of reach of children. If swallowed, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center right away.

    Store at room temperature and protect from light.

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    The Systane® iLUX® MGD Thermal Pulsation System delivers treatment directly to the blocked meibomian glands with the goal of clearing obstructions.

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    How to apply eye ointment

    Important Information for iLux® Device:

    The iLux® Device is used to heat and compress glands in the eyelids of adult patients with a specific type of dry eye, called Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD), also known as evaporative dry eye.

    Potential side effects may include eyelid/eye pain requiring stopping the treatment procedure, eyelid/eye irritation or inflammation, temporary reddening of the skin, and other eye symptoms (burning, stinging, tearing, itching, discharge, redness, feeling like there is something in the eye, changes in your vision, sensitivity to light).

    Ask your eye care professional for a complete list of safety information for the iLux® Device.