How to apply a cold compress

COLD COMPRESS (Cold Application) – Definition, Purpose, General Instructions, Preliminary Assessment Check, Effects, Physiologic Effects, Indications, Preparation of the Patient and Environment, Equipment, Procedure, After Care and Contraindications

Cold compress is a local moist cold moist application made out of folded layers of gauze, lint piece or old soften linen, wring out of cold or ice water or in some evaporating lotion.


A cloth wrung from cold or ice water which may be applied to any part of the body.


  • To provide comfort
  • To reduce body temperature
  • To reduce inflammation and edema
  • To relieve pain, burning sensation and irritation
  • To anesthetize for short time
  • To control hemorrhage
  • To inhibit bacterial growth and thus prevent suppuration


  • Application of cold compress over the skin helps in conduction of heat
  • Cold application beyond 20 minutes leads to secondary effects
  • Check the temperature every 15 minutes, it helps in detection of any variations in the body temperature


  • The doctor order for any specific instruction
  • General condition and diagnosis of the patient
  • Self-care ability of the patient
  • Assess for the need of cold applications
  • Frequency and duration of application
  • For any contraindication of cold application
  • Articles available in the unit


To prevent the depression that often occurs following heating treatments. The most effective form of cold compress is a small towel wrapped around the head like a turban during the treatment. The same receptors, or special nerve endings, which serve to convey stimuli to the blood vessels and nerve endings, hence to all the organs reflex connected with them, are affected as much by cold applications as by hot. The more intense is the stimulation, the greater the reaction.


  • To decrease blood flow locally and distally
  • To prevent and relieve congestion
  • For relief of pain due to edema and/or trauma
  • If applied over the heart: will slow the heart rate, increase the force and raise the arterial blood pressure
  • To increase the reflect effect of thermal applications by increasing the difference between hot and cold; an example is using the cold compress following a fomentation.


  • Throbbing pain due to edema or trauma, such as sprains
  • Fevers
  • Congestion in the face and head-sinusitis and head-ache (use with a hot foot bath)
  • As a precordial compress in tachycardia-fast heartbeat (more than 100 beats/min)
  • May be applied as a turban to the head or cravat to the neck with general applications of heat
  • Headache-apply cold compress to head while using a hot foot bath
  • Passive chest congestion in lung problems, together with fomentations


  • Explain the procedure to the patients
  • Arrange the articles at the bedside
  • Provide privacy
  • Place the patient in a comfortable position
  • Bring the patient to the edge of the bed
  • Place the Mackintosh and towel under the patient to protect the bed


A clean tray containing:

  • Bowel with ice water
  • Folded gauze pieces in a bowl
  • Mackintosh and towel
  • Small cotton balls in a bowl
  • Thermometer tray


  • Wash hands
  • Pack the ear with cotton balls if compress is to be applied to forehead
  • Take the gauze pieces immerse it in the water wring it
  • Make sure that there is not dripping of water and apply it to the part ordered
  • Change it as soon as it becomes warm
  • Check the temperature every 15 minutes
  • Keep a constant watch on the color of the skin. Test the skin for numbness


  • When the time is over, remove the compress
  • Wipe the part and make the patient comfortable
  • Take out the cotton balls from the ears
  • Inspect the part for discoloration or numbness
  • Place the patient in a comfortable position
  • Check the vital signs end of the treatment
  • Replace the articles after cleaning
  • Wash hands
  • Record the procedure in nurse’s record sheet
  • Record the vital signs in TPR sheet


  • Diabetes use with caution
  • Local skin inflammation
  • Patients who cannot tolerate cold
  • Patient who is chilled – wait until the entire body is warm

How to apply a cold compress

COLD COMPRESS (Cold Application) – Definition, Purpose, General Instructions, Preliminary Assessment Check, Effects, Physiologic Effects, Indications, Preparation of the Patient and Environment, Equipment, Procedure, After Care and Contraindications

1.Select a cold compress. When it comes to cold compresses, you have several options. Some of these are available in drug stores and some you can make yourself. While there are unique advantages and drawbacks to each, all work essentially the same way — by keeping an injury cold to prevent swelling and inflammation.

*Gel-based ice packs. These are full of gel that stays cold when placed in the freezer. Typically these compresses get much colder than the other options since they stay in the freezer. They are also reusable, which is appealing for cost purposes. However, they generally can only be used at home since they start heating up when taken out of the freezer.

*Instant cold packs. These are filled with two different chemicals separated by plastic. When squeezed, the plastic breaks, causing the two chemicals to react and get cold. Unlike gel packs, these are portable and can be used anywhere as long as the chemicals haven’t touched each other yet. This makes them ideal to have on hand for sporting events. They aren’t reusable, however.

*Homemade ice bags. Take a large plastic bag and fill it with ice cubes. Then fill it with just enough water to cover the ice cubes. Squeeze out the air and seal the bag. These are good in a pinch if you don’t have a store-bought ice pack. However, they don’t last as long and the condensation on the outside of the bag can get you wet.

*Bags of frozen vegetables. Use bags of smaller vegetables, such as peas or corn, since they will be easier to wrap around the wounded area. Wrap the bag in a cloth before putting it against your skin. You can leave the compress on for up 20 minutes.

*Ice towels. This is another homemade method you can use. Wet a towel and then wring it out so that it’s just damp. Place it in a plastic bag and then leave it in the freezer for 15 minutes. You can then wrap it around the injured area. This option also won’t last very long so you’ll have to keep putting it in the freezer to keep it cold.

2.Elevate the injured body part. This will help drain blood away from the area and fight swelling. Ideally, the body part should be lifted above the heart. So for example, if your wrist is injured, lie back on a couch and place your arm up on the high part.

3.Wrap the compress in a towel. This is important because if the compress directly touches the skin, it can lead to frostbite. Make sure that for the entire duration of the treatment, the compress remains separated from the skin by a towel.

4.Apply the compress. Press it down to ensure that the entire affected area receives adequate icing.If necessary, you can secure the ice pack with a non-stick bandage or wrap. Loosely wrap this around the ice pack and the injured area. Be sure not to tie this too tight, or you could cut off circulation. If the limb starts to turn blue/purple, the wrap is too tight and should be removed immediately. Keep in mind that a tingling sensation does not necessarily indicate the wrap is too tight — this sensation may be caused by the injury itself.

5.Remove the compress after 15 or 20 minutes. Don’t leave it on any longer than this or you risk frostbite. Make certain that you don’t fall asleep while wearing the compress, which could result in you keeping it on for several hours and damaging your skin. Either set an alarm or have someone alert you after 20 minutes. If you used a chemical cold pack, discard it after use. Check to see that your compress can be simply thrown away and does not contain materials that need to be disposed of in a specific way. If you used a gel pack or towel, place it back in the freezer to prepare it for your next round of treatment.

6.Repeat the process in two hours. Make sure that the affected area is no longer numb. If so, wait until you regain feeling to reapply the compress. Continue alternating the treatment of 20 minutes on, two hours off, for three days or until swelling completely subsides.

7.Visit the doctor if your symptoms don’t improve. If you’ve been treating your injury with ice for three days and there is still swelling and no reduction in pain, you may have a fracture or dislocation that wasn’t recognized. Visit the doctor to see if you have a more serious injury than you initially expected.

You have likely heard you should use heat or cold when you develop a sports injury, but knowing when to appropriately use each one can make a world of difference in how fast you recover from your injury. Different types of injuries require different types of treatment.

Acute Sports Injuries

How to apply a cold compressAcute injuries are typically caused by trauma. Your injury may have been caused by a direct blow to the area, a fall, or an accidental twisting movement. These injuries cause severe and immediate pain.

Treat Short Term Injuries with Cold Compress

When you first receive an acute sports injury, you must control any swelling, inflammation, bleeding, and pain. Apply an ice compress to the injury as soon as possible. This will cool down the tissues, lower their metabolic rate and nerve conduction velocity, resulting in vasoconstriction of the surrounding blood vessels and reduced inflammation.

Apply ice to the injury, and make sure the ice remains in contact with the injury for at least 20 minutes, and then reapply the ice every two to three hours for the next 48 hours if possible. Always ensure you wrap the compress in a light towel to protect the skin from ice burns.

After 48 hours the injury will start it’s natural healing and remodelling process and stop bleeding. When the signs of inflammation diminish after three to five days of rest and cold treatment, you can then alternate between hot and cold treatments. Apply cold for 10 minutes, and immediately follow with 10 minutes of heat. This should result in a massive increase of blood flow to the injured site, as the vasoconstriction that occurred with cooling will reverse when heat is applied, allowing an influx of blood to flow to the damaged tissues and promote quicker healing.

If you are treating knee injuries, you’ll need to remove your knee braces before applying cold or hot treatment. If you have a knee brace for running or a hinged knee brace, you’ll need to leave it off for the duration of treatment.

Chronic Sports Injuries

How to apply a cold compress

Chronic sports injuries do not appear as suddenly as acute injuries do. Chronic injuries gradually build up over several days, weeks, or even longer. They are typically caused by overuse of a muscle or by a biomechanical abnormality. Some chronic injuries are caused by an acute injury that has failed to heal due to the absence of appropriate treatment and a return to training or competition too early.

Heat Compress is Ideal for Treating Chronic Injuries

For chronic injuries, apply a heat compress to the injured area for 15 to 20 minutes. You can use a warm, damp towel, a hot water bottle, a heat rub, or a heating pad. If you use a heating pad or hot water bottle, place a layer of protection between your skin and the bottle or pad to prevent burns.

Using heat to treat chronic sports injuries will help soothe aching muscles and joints, relax tight muscles, increase blood flow to the injury to reduce stiffness and increase the elasticity of tendons and ligaments.

In general, heat therapy is also recommended prior to exercise for those who have chronic injuries. Heat warms the muscles and helps increase flexibility. The only time you should ever consider using cold to treat a chronic injury is after you are finished exercising when inflammation may reappear. Applying cold at this time helps reduce any residual swelling.

How to apply a cold compress

Warm or cold compresses are one of the most commonly prescribed eye treatments. Although they are routinely used as a treatment for various eye conditions, it actually constitutes good eye hygiene if you use a compress habitually. Actually, if there is one good daily habit for the eyes that is akin to brushing your teeth, it may very well be using compresses.

Are you suffering from eye irritation, blepharitis, tired eyes, styes, dry eye, pink eye, conjunctivitis, mastitis, red puffy eyes, eye chalazion, eye infections, swollen eyes, black eyes, or eye pain? If so, this compress guide is certainly for you. Read on to learn how to relieve your eye irritation with warm and cold compresses.

What Does a Warm Compress do for the Eyes?

Warm compresses are more commonly used than cold compresses as they work to benefit the eyes in several ways. Their effect comes from stimulating the oil glands of the eye to release oils which stop tears from evaporating too quickly.

Warm compresses also provide eye comfort, improve circulation, and work as a sleep aid due to a relaxing effect.

I’m sure many of us can relate to coming home from work where we were looking at a computer screen all day , leaving our eyes strained and dried out. Using a warm compress could provide that much-needed relief.

How to apply a cold compress

While using the warm compress, you likely will find that this action also serves to help get you to sleep a lot faster. Do you have an unorganized and discombobulated night-time routine that still leaves your eyes tired when you wake up?

Routinely using a compress could be the missing element you’re looking for.

And if you think using an over the counter sleep aid like Benadryl could help you fall asleep past the feeling of your dry eyes, think again. While that Benadryl may help you get to sleep, one unfortunate side effect is actually dry eyes. So while you may get some sleep using the drug, you’re actually worsening the dry eyes, and as a result, harming your sleep cycle. In this case, warm compresses are likely a better solution.

Additionally, if your tears are evaporating too quickly and your eyes are feeling dry as a result, consistently applying warm compresses can sometimes provide full relief without the need for prescription eye drops or other remedies.

One great effect of warm compresses is that they work to somewhat detoxify the oil glands in your eyes. If your glands are producing excessive amounts of oil, a warm compress can help.

Most of us know that using hot and cold compress can help in reducing pain as a result of muscle or joint injury or. How to apply a cold compress

Most of us know that using hot and cold compress can help in reducing pain as a result of muscle or joint injury or damage. We call it heat and cold therapy respectively. However, have you ever thought which one is better? Your questions will be answered by this post.

How to apply a cold compress

Heat therapy

This is also called thermotherapy and this includes having a warm bath and using hot water bottle and pads.

Heat therapy is ideal for chronic pain and can help in relaxing the muscle. In fact, heat is known as psychologically reassuring too. Professionals advised to apply heat on the affected area for 20 minutes. You can repeat for three times a day but you should also check on the label and with your doctor on the exact frequency.

What are the types of heat therapy

Heating devices. You can purchase a number of heating devices nowadays. It includes hot water bottles, heat wrap, and even electrical heating pads.

Soaking in hot bath. Experts say that you can soak the affected area in hot bath between 92 and 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

Paraffin wax treatment.

Rubs and patches.

How to apply a cold compress

When it is best to use heat therapy

  • Strains
  • Sprains
  • Warm up stiff muscles
  • Chronic irritation
  • Pain caused by neck or back injury

Don’t use heat therapy when:

  • You have dermatitis
  • There is an open wound
  • The skin is already hot
  • The area is already numb
  • A person is insensitive to heat

Cold therapy

On the other hand, cold therapy is also known as cryotherapy. You can use a water bottle filled with cold water or you can use a pad cooled in a freezer.

This can help in reducing inflammation as it can decrease blood flow. You need to apply this two days after the injury. In addition, it can numb sore tissues which makes it as a local anesthetic. For sports injuries, we have a standard treatment called RICE or ‘rest, ice, compression, elevation’.

What are the types of cold therapy

How to apply a cold compress

Chemical cold pack. You can easily purchase these packs and can be applied to the inflamed area for 20 minutes. Do this every six hours for three days and you should feel better.

Soaking in cold water. You can immerse the affected area in cold water. Make sure it isn’t freezing though.

Massaging with ice cube. Yes, you can also massage the inflamed area with ice cube or pack. Do it in a circular motion and repeat for five times a day. Limit it to five minutes as you wouldn’t want to experience ice burn.

When it is best to use cold therapy

  • Injury
  • Tendinitis
  • Gout
  • Osteoarthritis

Don’t use cold therapy when:

  • There is an open wound
  • The area is already numb
  • You are hypersensitive to cold

Remember, you should never use extreme hot compress. Similarly, applying ice directly on your skin is never recommended. And again, it is always best to approach a professional so you can keep safe at all times.

You might want to share this article with your friends and help them alleviate pain.


Barbara is a young mother of 2 adorable kids whom she enjoyed playing with. She started living healthy when she realized that she has to keep up with her kids’ energy. On her free time, she writes, sings, and tries to cook pancake for her children.

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How to apply a cold compress

Should you apply a warm vs. cold compress to an area on the body for pain? It depends because cold and warmth produce two different results. Though both can reduce pain in joints and tissues, ice packs decrease blood flow, and warm compresses increase it. Cold compresses are useful for decreasing inflammation, while warm compresses are good for conditions like stiff tendons or relieving pain in the lower back.

What is a warm compress?

It is simply something that can be used to apply heat to a spot on the body. A warm compress can be moist or dry. A warm compress encourages blood flow to a particular area by dilating blood vessels in the area where heat is applied. The increased blood circulation to tissues:

  • Eases muscle and tendon soreness.
  • Accelerates the healing process by delivering nutrients to the area
  • Loosens tight muscles.

Types of warm packs

A warm compress can be purchased or made at home with items on hand. They include:

  • Electric heating pad
  • Washcloth soaked in hot water and excess water wrung out
  • Gel pack that can be heated in the microwave
  • Hot water bottle
  • Heat wrap
  • Heating pad

How to apply a cold compress

When to use a warm compress

Warm compresses are used for a variety of purposes. They include

  • Eye problems
  • Muscle spasms and aches
  • Muscle injury
  • Neck stiffness
  • Upper and lower back pain
  • Stiff, tender or swollen joints
  • Sinus congestion
  • Earache due to infection
  • Toothache
  • Menstrual cramps

People apply a hot compress after an injury, but applying heat before strenuous activity can relax muscles and ligaments to minimize the chance of aggravating a chronic injury or incurring muscle soreness. Apply the warm compress several times a day for best results.

Some of the medical conditions treated with the application of warm compresses include osteoarthritis, back muscle strain, tendonitis, fibromyalgia, boils and headaches. One of the benefits of a warm compress used every couple of hours is that heat can penetrate to the underlying muscles.

What is a cold compress?

When a cold compress is applied, the blood vessels contract which reduces localized inflammation and swelling. Cold temperatures also numb injured tissues, reducing pain. A cold compress should be applied immediately after an injury or when a joint becomes inflamed.

Types of cold packs

Like the warm compress, you can purchase a cold compress or make a cold compress at home. They include:

  • Placing cubed ice in a plastic bag and wrap in a washcloth
  • Wrapping a bag of frozen vegetables (peas work well) in a washcloth
  • Using an instant chemical cold pack that activates by squeezing the pack
  • Using a gel pack that is frozen in the freezer

How to apply a cold compress

When to use a cold compress?

How do you know when to use a cold compress instead of a warm one? The first guideline is the cause of the pain. A cold compress for swelling brings relief when applied right away to an injury like an ankle sprain. Some of the conditions that can benefit from cold treatment include the following:

  • Recent acute injury with swelling
  • Gout
  • Tendinitis

Unlike the warm compress, ice packs should not be used right before vigorously exercising or participating in sports.

Follow the Guidelines

There are a few guidelines to keep in mind. One is to only apply a cold or warm compress for a maximum of 20 minutes. Another guideline is to be careful to not damage the skin from a compress that is too hot or too cold. The skin should look pink and not red or white. The skin should be allowed to reach its normal temperature before reapplying a cold or hot compress. Finally, only use compresses on areas where the skin is not broken. If the compress does not bring pain relief, see a doctor for evaluation.

Decrease swelling, bleeding and inflammation by using a cold compress during the first 48 hours after an injury occurs. The cold restricts circulation and causes blood vessels to constrict to avoid further bleeding. The cold also slightly numbs the skin tissue, aiding in pain relief. Cold therapy, also known as cryotherapy, is commonly used in first aid and sports injuries. Save money by creating a cold compress at home, instead of buying one. Cold compresses take a few minutes to make and can be stored in the freezer.

Fill a plastic bag with ice cubes. Add a small amount of water to help the ice cubes melt slightly. Use enough water to barely cover the ice, suggests Healthwise, an online health resource guide. Squeeze the air from the bag and seal shut. Place the bag inside another plastic bag to avoid spills and drips when the ice begins to melt.

Run a clean washcloth under cool water; squeeze out any excess water. Place ice cubes in a bowl and fill with water. Submerge the washcloth in the bowl and allow to cool. Wait several minutes so the washcloth can get as cold as possible. Wrap the washcloth around the pack of ice.

Place the ice pack against the skin for up to 15 minutes; repeat up to four times a day. Have a dry towel handy; as the ice pack warms, it will begin to wet the area and drip.

Use a bag of frozen vegetables, if a cold pack is needed immediately. Apply bags of frozen peas or corn; the vegetables are small and mold well to the body.

Make a smaller cold press, used for inside the mouth and other small areas, by only using the cold washcloth. Soak the washcloth in ice water. Fold the washcloth and use a small corner to make the cold compress. Continually resoak the washcloth in the bowl of ice water. Use gauze for extremely small compresses that can be placed directly in the mouth.

This very basic form of treatment entails the folding of a piece of material, bandage or small towel, into a pad wetting it and applying it to the areas to be treated. Two types of compresses can be used – that being cold or hot, and each of them has a specific place in the treatment of muscular pain, sprains, increasing circulation as well as reducing pain and congestion of the internal organs, and relieve lymphatic and fluid congestion.

How to apply a cold compress

Hot compresses are used to treat old injuries, muscle pain, rheumatic pain, menstrual cramps, boils, and toothache.

Making a hot compress

To make a hot compress, take about a pint of hot water, as warm as you can comfortably stand it, and add about 4 drops of your selected essential oil to it. Then place your folded piece of material, bandage or small towel, on top of the water and let it soak it up. Next wring out the excess water and place it over the area to be treated.

Cover the warm compress with either cling wrap or a plastic bag, and another towel on top to keep it in place. You may bandage the compress lightly if applied to an awkward place where it keeps slipping of.

Leave on, and replace with a new compress as soon as it has cooled to body temperature.

Cold compresses are used for recent sprains, bruising, swelling and inflammation, fever and headaches. It can also be used as a pep-up when feeling tired.

Making a cold compress

A cold compress is made exactly the same as the hot compress, but ice or refrigerated water is used instead of the hot water, and the compress is replaced when it has heated up to body temperature.

Essential oils and compresses

To select your essential oil for use with the compresses, have a look at the therapeutic properties of the essential oils, and then also view the individual essential oil profiles.

Please note that all serious illnesses must be referred to your licensed medical practitioner.

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Mosquito bites

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Mosquitos exist all over the country in the UK, and because they thrive in warm weather they can become a nuisance during the summer time.

They’re not always easy to see, which makes preventing a bite difficult. You’ll usually notice the presence of one when symptoms of the bite erupt.

Common symptoms of mosquito bites include soft bumps on the skin that may become pink, red, and very itchy.

It should be noted these symptoms may occur up to 48 hours after the initial insect bite.

Sometimes, a more severe allergic reaction can include a large area of itching, lesions or bruises near the site of the insect bite.

Related articles

How to apply a cold compress

How to apply a cold compress

Mosquitos exist all over the country in the UK, and because they thrive in warm weather they can become a nuisance during the summer time

Itching can be one of the most difficult symptoms of a mosquito bite to deal with, so what’s the best way to get instant relief?

The NHS recommends some easy ways of relieving symptoms of an insect bite or sting, including mosquitos.

If you have a swelling, try regularly applying a cold compress or ice pack to the affected area, or ask your pharmacist about treatments such as antihistamine tablets.

For itching, ask your pharmacist about over-the-counter treatments, including crotamiton cream or lotion, hydrocortisone cream or ointment and antihistamine tablets.

For pain or discomfort, take over-the-counter painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen (children under 16 years of age shouldn’t be given aspirin).

How to apply a cold compress

How to stop a mosquito bite from itching: The NHS recommends applying certain things to the area (Image: GETTY)

According to experts, if you do not apply the right compress in pain, then it can increase your pain. In this article, we are telling you in detail about which body pain you should do

How to apply a cold compress How to apply a cold compress How to apply a cold compress How to apply a cold compress

When there is pain in any part of the body, then the thing that most experts recommend doing is compression. Heat and cold compression is a great way to get relief from pain. It reduces swelling and gives relief from pain in no time. When it comes to compression, there are usually two methods, first hot and second cold. But there are many types of pain in the body and people are often confused about which pain should be done in which pain.

In which pain of the body, which compress should be done?

If a person is having pain in the back or back, then such people are advised to compress with hot water or heating pad. For this, you can also use heating water bottles, heating pads or cotton cloth available in the market by heating it on the pan. By doing this you will get relief from pain very soon.

  1. Which compress to do when there is pain in the joints

Cold compresses are considered more beneficial when there is pain and swelling in the joints. In this situation, using ice for compressing is very beneficial. Along with this, the problem of muscle strain is also removed. You can use an ice pad or you can also apply a few pieces of ice to a cloth.

  1. What to do in Arthritis pain?

Arthritis is a very serious problem. In this condition, there is stiffness in the joints and there is severe pain in the joints. In this condition, compressing with warm water provides great relief in pain. This warms up the muscles, reduces swelling and increases blood circulation. Whenever you feel pain, compress it with warm water for 20 minutes, you will feel comfortable.

Cramps during periods are extremely painful times for any woman. Training helps to reduce it. When it comes to compressing for period pain, it is advisable to compress the abdomen and waist with warm water or a pad. This not only gives relief from pain but also reduces the flow of periods.

  1. Which compress to do in headache?

In case of headache, compressing with cold or ice is more beneficial. This helps to calm and relax the head. You can use both ice pad and ice cubes while applying ice for headache, just place it on your head and apply it slowly.

Compression is a very effective way to get rid of body pain, but if you do not get relief from compressing, then contact your doctor so that he can find out the underlying cause.

(Disclaimer: The content on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be taken as professional medical advice. Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other health professionals for any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition.)

About the Author

Dr. Rati Parwani

Dr Rati Parwani is a Practising Professional BHMS Doctor having experience of 8 years in the medical field. Her approach towards each and every patient is the utmost professional with high standards of practice. She has nurtured her writing skills and proves it as an asset to her professionalism. She has experience in content writing and likes her writing ethical and scientific-based.

How to apply a cold compress How to apply a cold compress How to apply a cold compress How to apply a cold compress

How to apply a cold compress

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Reduces joint stiffness and muscle spasm, which makes it useful when muscles are tight.

Should NOT be used for the first 48 hours after an injury.

Types of warm packs or pads

Warm towel

Dampen a towel with warm (not scalding) water.

Put on the affected area to ease muscle spasm.

Heating pad

Be sure to protect any type of heating pad device from coming in direct contact with the skin. Precautions should be taken to avoid burns, especially if you have nerve damage, such as from diabetes or other health problems.

When muscles work, chemical byproducts are made that need to be eliminated. When exercise is very intense, there may not be enough blood flow to eliminate all the chemicals. It is the buildup of chemicals (for example, lactic acid) that cause muscle ache. Because the blood supply helps eliminate these chemicals, use heat to help sore muscles after exercise.

Eases pain by numbing the affected area.

Reduces swelling and inflammation.

Types of cold packs

Ice towel

Dampen a towel with cold water.

Fold it and place it in a plastic, sealable bag.

Place the bag in the freezer for 15 minutes.

Remove from freezer and place it on the affected area.

Ice pack or cold compress

Put ice in a plastic, sealable bag.

Fill partially with water.

Seal the bag, squeezing the air out of it.

Wrap the bag in a damp towel and put it on the affected area.

When an injury or inflammation, such as tendonitis or bursitis occurs, tissues are damaged. Cold numbs the affected area, which can reduce pain and tenderness. Cold can also reduce swelling and inflammation.

Hot and cold therapy is one of the best methods to relieve any kind of pains. Choosing between which therapy to use can be mind boggling to anyone who is searching for a quick relief for their pain. People need to differentiate between the two to be able to find out what treatment is the best for your pain. You need to know its effect and its mechanics on how it can relieve pain. The most important thing above all is to know when to apply both of this treatment.

Hot compress is the application of heat to any part of the body to relieve certain kinds of pain. It can be applied in many kinds or forms such as hot water, hot towel heating pads, deep heating rubs, and ultrasound. All of these tools can help in applying hot compress to your affected part. On the other hand, ice is used for cold compress, it can also relieve pain. Cold compress can reduce both swelling and pain in the affected area of the body. In cases such as pulled muscles and strains cold compress is very useful.

Both of these treatments can only offer short term relief but it is very helpful for people who are experiencing different kind of pain. Sometimes pains can occur many times and these treatments can eliminate the pain quickly. Continuous application of hot and cold compress can increase blood circulation that can result in good health. The required time for this hot and cold compress is only 20 minutes, but it can be used more often if needed until swelling and pain diminish.

People should be careful not to overdo ice compresses because they can cause frostbite. Similarly, application of hot compress should not be more than 20 minutes because it can overheat the tissue on the affected part of your body. You need to observe a two to four hours interval before using the same therapy again.

Hot and cold compresses can both shock the tissues and the blood vessels on the affected area due to sudden change of temperature. The affected part will be flooded by more white blood cells to fight the infection. But in this process, the circulation of the blood’s red cells in the affected area is blocked by the white blood cells. As you all know, red blood cells carry oxygen that is needed for the normal functioning of each cell. In this case, accumulation of spasms spread through the other parts of the body especially through the leg area. The application of hot and cold compresses can increase blood circulations that carry the oxygen. The hot and cold sensation relaxes the nerves that can trigger the pain signal to the brain.

Hot and cold compresses are both very beneficial if they are used properly on the affected area. It is better to always consult a doctor to accompany the treatment with medication for faster treatment of any pain. Hot and cold are both needed for the body to maintain its normal functions. Homeostasis inside the body is maintained by the equilibrium of hot and cold temperature.

Okay, I had a training two days ago wherein I had to spar with a person taller and heavier than me. The result, blister on my left foot as a result of twisting the foot to execute round house kick and I have strain on my right foot as a result of pinning my sparring mate. Pinning is a general grappling hold used in ground fighting which is aimed to subdue by exerting superior control over an opponent and pinning the opponent to the ground. Pinning holds are also used in submission wrestling and mixed martial arts, even though the pinning hold itself is not a winning condition. I love sparring with him as he is heavier and taller than me and I am thinking that I will learn more as time goes by.

So the question, am I supposed to apply hot or cold compress? I was not able to ask my coach because I did not feel it after the training but I felt it day after the training. I went to our clinic and I was advised to apply cold compress because it is not swelling and it will help to alleviate pain and I have to take pain relievers (which will not fix the problem, right?).

How to apply a cold compress

So I asked some friends and it was like I administered a quick survey. I asked five friends who are nurses and three of them advised me to apply hot compress for 20 minutes, let my foot rest so that the blood flow will be cleared in that area, then after 10 minutes wrap it with bandage, and apply cold compress for 20 minutes until it feels numb then let it rest for 10 minutes and apply cold compress for 20 minutes which I did, and I feel better now (I did not take pain reliever).

They left my curiosity at play, so I did some google searches and here is what I have found:

When to Use Hot and Cold Therapy?

Heat and cold are the two most common types of noninvasive and nonaddictive pain-relief therapies for muscle and joint pain. Which one you use depends on whether the pain is new or recurring.

In general, a new injury will cause inflammation and possibly swelling. Ice will decrease the blood flow to the injury, thereby decreasing inflammation and swelling. Pain that recurs can be treated with heat, which will bring blood to the area and promote healing.

The following information can help you learn when and how to use temperature-related therapies.

Heat therapy

What does heat therapy do?

Heat opens up blood vessels, which increases blood flow and supplies oxygen and nutrients to reduce pain in joints and relax sore muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The warmth also decreases muscle spasms and can increase range of motion. Applying superficial heat to your body can improve the flexibility of tendons and ligaments, reduce muscle spasms, and alleviate pain.

How is it applied?

Sources of heat can supply either dry or moist warmth. Dry heat sources may dry the skin. Moist heat may penetrate better. Heat can be applied by an electric or microwavable heating pad, hot water bottle, gel packs, or hot water baths. The heat should be warm, not too hot, and should be maintained at a consistent temperature, if possible. Ask your doctor or physical therapist which heat source would be best for you.

When do you use it?

Apply heat if you have stiff joints or chronic muscle and joint pain.

How can I use it safely?

Don’t apply it directly to skin. Instead, wrap the hot device in a thin towel.

Here are other tips:

Don’t apply heat for longer than 20 minutes, unless your doctor or physical therapist recommends longer.

Don’t use heat if there’s swelling. Use cold first, then heat.

Don’t use heat if you have poor circulation or diabetes.

Don’t use heat on an open wound or stitches.

Don’t lie down on a heating pad; you could fall asleep and burn your skin.

Cold therapy

What does cold therapy do?

Cold slows down blood flow to an injury, thereby reducing pain and swelling. Cold therapy slows circulation, reducing inflammation, muscle spasm, and pain. It should be used if the area is swollen or bruised.

How is it applied?

Cold is applied by an ice or gel pack.

When do you use it?

Any cold treatment should be used for 24 to 48 hours after an injury. Cold therapy is good for sprains, strains, bumps, and bruises that may occur in sports or lifting. Apply cold packs or ice bags to injured areas for no more than 20 minutes at a time, removing the cold for 10 minutes and reapplying it again.

How can I use it safely?

Don’t apply it for longer than 20 minutes. Also, wrap ice or ice packs in a thin towel before applying.

If in doubt as to whether to apply heat or cold to an injury, call your health care provider’s office.

Trying to hide a moment of passion that resulted in a hickey for two weeks may require a lot of effort from you in terms of wearing turtlenecks, scarves and concealer. If these methods aren’t working out so well for you, you can finally breathe a sigh of relief as we at My Med have compiled a list of what are considered to be the best and most effective techniques to help speed up the healing process and get rid of that pesky love bite.

The methods described below do not offer immediate results, unfortunately, nothing will make a hickey disappear overnight, but they may help you to get rid it a few days earlier.

The top methods to get rid of a hickey

The cold method

This method has generally proven to offer the most effective results. It is advised that you apply a cold compress when you first notice your hickey (and generally within 12 hours of receiving it) to aid in the reduction of inflammation. The cold will constrict the broken capillaries and reduce bleeding, allowing for bruising to be less significant.

The below information explains how to go about applying a cold compress to a hickey:

  • Wrap a handful of ice (a frozen packet of peas will also work) in a wet cloth or paper towel and place it on the hickey. Slowly move this cold compress around the hickey’s surface, as well as the areas around it. Leave this ice pack on for roughly ten minutes and then remove for the same amount of time. Repeat this action a few times throughout the day. The gentle movement of the cold compress aids in moving and breaking up the coagulated blood in the area.
  • It is also possible to use a cold metal spoon as a cold compress. Place a few spoons in the freezer for ten to twenty minutes, take one out and rub it gently against your hickey, when the spoon starts to warm up (i.e. it no longer feels cold against your skin), replace it with a new one from the freezer. Do this for a period of ten minutes and repeat throughout the day for the first day or two.

**My Med Memo – Do not place ice blocks directly onto your skin as this can place additional stress on the inflamed and bruised area and further damage the skin.

The hot method

Once 48 hours since the appearance of your hickey have passed, adding heat to the area can speed up healing. It is vital that you start with a cold compress immediately after receiving a hickey (within the first twelve hours), heat should only be applied to the area 48 hours after as heat increases blood flow and a cold compress restricts it. If blood flow is increased through heat before the capillaries have healed, this can result in further bruising. It is vital to start with a cold compress first before adding heat as heat will increase blood flow to the area whereas applying a cold compress will restrict blood flow. Once the burst capillaries have started to heal after a duration of roughly two days (48 hours), there will still be some blood left under the skin which will slowly start to disperse and be reabsorbed by the body. When heating the area and increasing blood flow, this will quicken the reabsorption of blood from the area where the hickey has developed and aid in removing the bruise and clearing the discolouration. A hot compress can be conducted as follows:

  • Place a warm compress or hot water bottle on the hickey for about ten minutes, remove for the same amount of time and then repeat.
    • A great substitute for a hot water bottle is a towel soaked in hot (not boiling) water

    **My Med Memo – Adding heat to the area should only be done once the burst capillaries have healed which is normally 48 hours after the hickey forms. If heat is applied to the area before this, it can make your hickey worse and more pronounced as blood flow is increased to capillaries that have not healed allowing for further bruising and discolouration.

    The massage method

    Massaging the area in which a hickey occurs can aid in breaking up and dispersing the coagulated blood under the skin’s surface through increased circulation. Massage can be done as follows:

    • Apply a heating pad or warm towel to your hickey, when the area is warm, apply two fingers as you firmly massage the area.
    • Rub your fingers in a circular motion starting from the inside of the hickey outwards, this attempts to break up the coagulated blood and push it into the surrounding tissues.
    • This can be repeated several times throughout the day


    Due to the fact that a hickey is an external bruise, medications tend to have little effect in speeding up the healing process, however, certain treatments (whether pharmaceutical or natural) may aid in pain relief where necessary and alter the composition of the blood from the burst capillaries to quicken the healing time. It is advised that you do not mix any medications (particularly those of the pharmaceutical variety) without first consulting with your doctor to ensure you do not have any skin sensitivities to the drugs or experience any interactions with other medications you are taking.

    How to apply a cold compress

    A gentle and effective topical application for too much heat or minor bumps can come in the tried-and-true form of an herbal compress. This preparation brings the beneficial properties of herbs and the soothing sensations of a cool damp cloth close to your skin to accelerate the natural healing process. When draped around the skin, the moisture of the tea soaked towel softens the skin and allows the herbal constituents to penetrate deep.

    Unlike a warm compress, a cold compress constricts blood vessels which is helpful for hot conditions. You can use a cold compress to soothe general skin irritations.

    The fun thing about compresses is that you don’t need an excuse to make one up to enjoy! Making a cold compress on a hot day can be a pleasant way to escape the heat and incorporate topical herbs and aromatherapy into to your daily life. A few of your favorite herbs for skin care can transport you to a spa oasis in your own home and remind you that you never need an excuse to treat yourself extra special!

    How to apply a cold compress

    How to make and use an herbal compress:

    1. First make a strong tea with your desired herbs. I like to use about 3 Tablespoons per cup of water. I use a cotton muslin bag and a ceramic bowl for steeping, but you could do this in a sauce pan or tea pot too! Let your tea cool, or place in the refrigerator to cool quickly.

    2. Soak a clean piece of fabric/cotton material in the tea and squeeze excess tea out of the cloth.

    3. Place soaked cloth on your skin and wrap around the area in need. Let sit and enjoy the cooling herbal sensation!

    In this way, why does my face get so puffy when I cry?

    Once the tears stream down your face, thatnon-salty liquid goes through the process of osmosis, movingback into the high-salt cells on the surface ofthe skin, causing them to swell and appear puffy!The more you cry, the more the glandsbecome inflamed and the more swollen thetissues get.

    Subsequently, question is, how long does it take for puffy eyes to go down? A swollen or puffy eyelid is common.Causes can range from fluid retention to a severe infection. Inmost cases, the swelling goes away within 24 hours. You canreduce the swelling with compresses, but how you treat aswollen eyelid also depends on the cause.

    Similarly, why do your eyes get puffy after crying?

    It’sbecause emotional tears are more watery, they’re less salty thanbasic tear secretions and the tissue in your eye. So,through the process of osmosis, the watermoves into the saltier ocular tissues, which makes themswell up.

    How do you make it look like you weren't crying?

    Run cold water, stick your fingers under the tap, andthen gently pat cold water underneath your eyes, where it’s allpuffy. This cools you down and constricts the blood vesselsunder your eyes that are causing tattletale swelling. Splash somecold water on your wrists, too. It helps, I don’t knowwhy.

    How to apply a cold compress

    People who suffer from the immense pain of gout find it very difficult to get any remission that cures them permanently. You have to depend on medicines and other instructions, given by the orthopedics. But, there are specific simple remedies that can lower the excruciating pain, and you can find relief. Besides medicines Heat or cold for gout can be an excellent remedy to relieve your pain of gout.

    If you are suffering from gout, you may have swelling feet and joints and inflammation in that area. Heat or cold compression can soothe your tissues and give you temporary relief. But, before applying any compression, it is advisable that you should consult your doctor first.

    Heat or Cold for Gout

    Did You Know?

    • Compression, whether hot or cold, can reduce inflammation, pain, and swelling due to arthritis, especially gout.
    • Gout attacks often appear in the middle of the night, without any warning, so keep a compression ready

    Easy Ways to Apply Heat Treatment in Gout

    How to apply a cold compress

    The Amazing Benefits of Doing Reverse Crunches
    • Cold therapy can be painful for your skin. So, always wrap the cold plastic bag or ice in a towel and compress the affected area.
    • Don’t continue the cold therapy for more than 20 minutes.
    • If you have symptoms of cold allergy, Raynaud’s syndrome or nerve damage, avoid cold compress.

    Is Taking Sauna Bath Good for Gout Patients?

    As per research, the infrared sauna is said to be useful for relieving gout pain. Lots of studies have been done, and it is seen that in nine out of ten cases, infrared sauna gives a positive result. Not only in relieving the pain, but such a sauna bath also have a positive effect on uric acid deposition in your body. You should not forget to take a bath after the infrared sauna as that will wash out the toxins from your body.

    1. What Is the Fastest Way to Cure Gout?

    You have to consult a specialist and rely on anti-inflammatory medications.

    2. Is Ice Good for Gout?

    Yes, ice is good only if your doctor recommends so. Also, you should not apply it directly on the skin.

    3. Is Heat Good for Gout?

    An infrared sauna is good for gout and also for reducing uric acid in your body.

    With the heat of cold for gout, you can get temporary relief, but to cure this pain, you have to consult a specialist immediately. Besides, you should also ask about types of compression you can apply before trying anything.

    Many techniques for compressing digital graphics focus on identifying and describing regions of a single uniform character. Here is a simple technique for compressing black-and-white images (which could be easily extended to color). The basic idea is to repeatedly split the original picture in half, either vertically or horizontally, until each of the resulting sub-pictures contains only a single color.

    A rectangular digital graphic is described by a “compression-expression,” defined as follows: Each compression-expression begins with a two-bit tag, which may be followed by additional compression-expressions depending upon the tag value. The tag values are interpreted as follows:
    00 A square region that consists entirely of black pixels. This region may be a single pixel, a 2×2 square, a 3×3 square, etc., depending upon context.
    11 A square region that consists entirely of white pixels. This region may be a single pixel, a 2×2 square, a 3×3 square, etc., depending upon context.
    10 A horizontal split. This is followed by two compression expressions. The picture produced by a split is formed by taking the pictures denoted by each of those two expressions and placing them along-side one another, the first picture to the left and the second to the right. Horizontal splits are only possible between two pictures of the same height.
    01 A vertical split. This is followed by two compression expressions. The picture produced by a split is formed by taking the pictures denoted by each of those two expressions and placing them along-size one another, the first picture on the top and the second underneath it. Vertical splits are only possible between two pictures of the same width.

    How to apply a cold compressWouldn’t it be great to have a printer that could print onto just about any stable surface you can think of? Well, you can.

    With the Compress iUV350, 600 and 1200 you can print onto wood, metal, glass, plastic, labels, signs, packaging, leather, fabrics – the list goes on and on.

    So, what is iUV technology?

    In short it is the use of ultra violet LEDs to instantly dry and cure ink no matter what surface the ink is sitting on. Simplistic but clever! All three models can achieve the same high standard of printing with each progressive model having an increased print area. This series of machines also brags an impressive range of standard specifications that include six independent colour channels, optional winder for roll media, WIMS white ink management system, all steel industrial construction, dual LED variable watt water cooled low heat lamps, inbuilt media detection and ink mist extraction. The industrial quality print head features 1,440 nozzles which are capable of delivering a minimum picolitre drop of just 3.5Ng for ultra-fine dot placement. Having six channels means that you can step outside of the standard CYMK set by adding white and clear and when set up in this mode these machines can deliver bright vibrant prints at remarkable speed. Each ink colour is delivered via a 250ml pressurised ink tank giving even distribution so print No. 100 looks the same as print No. 1.

    Compress goes even further though with the inclusion of WIMS and IQ Interweave. The former is a system whereby the white ink is pressurised and recirculated allowing a constant feed to the damper. The latter is an ingenious system that eliminates banding when printing at lower resolutions. This in particular is a massive benefit as it allows you to deliver greater production numbers and thus more profit. For example when printing in quality mode the machines will deliver up to 50ft/hr whereas printing in production mode this figure can increase six fold, up to 300ft/hr.

    The Compress range of iUV printers have everything that you want in a promotional printer and all at a much lower cost than you might expect. With all the benefits and the high quality prints that these machines can generate there really is no reason not to check them out.

    Athletes, older individuals who are rarely active, young individuals who are active all the time, and everyone in between has the potential of suffering from some form of knee pain at some point in their lives. Today’s article will cover the common causes for knee pain, the R.I.C.E principle and the importance of knee ice compression.

    Common Causes of Knee Pain

    There are a lot of different reasons why you might be suffering with knee pain. One of the most common is a knee injury, such as a fracture, dislocation, meniscus tear and ligament tear. For many people, knee injuries are caused by supportive muscles not being properly warmed up before an activity. It doesn’t matter whether you are about to run a marathon, or even just bending down to do some gardening. If your muscles and joints are not warmed up, there is a chance of injury. For example, the thigh muscles located above the knee are not often stretched before cardiovascular activity. This causes your knees to absorb more of the shock since the supporting muscles have not been activated.

    Other common reasons for knee pain include (but are not limited to):

      Excess strain – Doing the same repetitive exercises, using weights that are beyond what the muscles can handle, or even just from poor form.

    Whatever the case may be, the pain that is felt in the knee is typically the result of inflammation. Inflammation is your body’s natural response to dealing with pain or other stressors and usually it will cause a temporary loss of function in the knee joint, pain in the knees, stiffness, redness, and swelling. If you have too much inflammation then it can wear down the cartilage in your knee which is not healthy for you in the long term and can lead to bigger issues down the road. For that reason, being cognizant of your knee pain and making sure you treat inflammation properly, will go a long way to saving your knees.

    How to apply a cold compress

    The R.I.C.E. Principle & Knee Ice Compression

    R.I.C.E. is a well known principle that has been recommended by doctors for several years now and is crucial to managing your knee pain and/or recovering from a knee injury. R.I.C.E. stands for:

      Rest – You want to rest and protect your knee as soon as it becomes injured or sore. This means stopping any activities or sports that cause increased pain or soreness, or at least changing what you are doing for the time being.

    Knee Ice Compression Therapy

    Cold compression therapy is when you mix the benefits of cryotherapy and compression therapy, by applying ice and some sort of compression wrap around the affected joint. This form of therapy is widely used in the treatment of pain and inflammation after certain types of injuries and after a medical or surgical procedure. One great example of how you can combine the two, is our Knee Ice Wrap with Compression. How does it work and does it provide relief? Keep reading.


    Ice is used to lower the temperature of the tissue surrounding the injured area, which has the effect of narrowing the blood vessels. It’s a process called “vasoconstriction” which is a decrease in the amount of blood being delivered to the affected area, which helps in reducing the amount of swelling that occurs. After approximately 10 minutes or of applying ice, the blood vessels will dilate (begin to open up once again) which increases the blood flow. This allows the delivery of much-needed oxygen and nutrient rich blood to the tissue. (Although blood flow is higher, it is still lower compared to a situation where ice wasn’t applied.) This process is called “vasolidation” and slows down cell death, reduces the change of further tissue damage and gets rid of waste. (Note: The cycling between vasoconstriction and dilation is known as the Hunting Response.) In addition to the above, ice also helps to numb the nerve endings which dulls the pain and makes it bearable.

    How to apply a cold compress


    The added compression puts pressure on the tissue and helps to prevent edema, which is the build-up of fluid which causes swelling as well. The compression hinders fluid loss from the blood vessels into the area that is injured, which decreases the chances of it accumulating. In addition, ice with compression is significantly colder than just using ice by itself, because the compression increases the contact of the ice pack with the skin. This means that the affected tissue reaches lower temperatures quicker and it also maintains the lower temperatures even after you are done treatment.


    Many studies, such as the one at the Kreiskrankenhaus Bopfingen, Germany, have proven that the combination of compression and cold therapy for treating injuries or post surgery recovery has many benefits over just using an ice compress for knee pain by itself. It is also known to help with arthritis, patella issues, meniscus injuries, chronic knee pain, sprains and more. Will it work for you? We believe that it will, but again, it all depends on the type of pain and/or injury you are dealing with. We highly recommend that you have a conversation with your doctor or health practitioner before you decide to go down this road.

    Disclaimer: We are not doctors here at SimplyJnJ. The information posted above on ice compression for knee pain was posted for information purposes only. Always consult a doctor before implementing a new treatment method for your pain.

    Settling for what type of compress to use in relieving your headache can get tricky and confusing most times. Occasionally, people deal with headaches and migraines. Despite how effective over-the-country drugs and prescribed medicines are, it can be daunting to take pills each time you encounter a headache. Nevertheless, there are natural alternatives to help relieve you of the discomfort experienced with a splitting headache. This brings us to the subject of hot and cold compress. There are several effects that are derived from the use of either remedy.

    To begin with, heat relaxes the joints, muscles, and blood vessels, while cold alleviates inflammation. You can apply a cold compress after sustaining a fresh injury – a sprain or a bruise. The swollen area can be reduced with the application of ice packs or ice. The resulting effect is that the blood vessels in such areas constrict. It is strongly advised that you use cold compress within 48 hours of an injury. If the pain is chronic, there would be a need to have more circulation of blood in the affected part; by doing so, your pain can heal faster due to the presence of oxygen in the blood and the nutrients that it contains.

    Treating headaches and migraines with a cold compress isn’t a new practice. As a matter of fact, it dates way back as far as 150 years ago. Cold therapy treatment is effective for pain and inflammation. Hence, when your head pounds, the best option is to apply ice packs. Cold compress constricts blood vessels and decreases the neurotransmission of pain to the affected area. For individuals with migraine headaches, using a frozen neck wrap substantially reduces pain. It cools blood flow to the carotid artery in the end.

    When you place the ice pack on the affected area, here are the following reactions you should get:

    • Cold
    • Burning
    • Aching
    • Numbness

    As soon as you experience numbness on your skin, take off the cold compress, as it can have a damaging effect on your skin if left for too long. Also, should you experience intense burning, remove the ice pack. Some skins are more sensitive than others.

    When you place an ice pack on your head, keep it for about 20 minutes and remove it for an hour. Continue this alternate procedure until the pain subsides.

    Tension headaches occur when the muscles in the head region are tightened. The application of a warm compress relaxes the affected muscles and relieves the headache. A warm compress may include a heated towel or a tepid shower.

    Another option is to heat yourself up and cool down. You can place your feet in hot water; it helps relieve your headache as well. The hot water draws more blood to your feet; this eases the blood pressure in the brain.

    Regardless of what type of compress you use, here are some tips to observe:

    • Avoid exposing the affected area to extreme temperatures.
    • Don’t place your skin directly to the source of cold or heat. Instead, apply a hot towel or icepack to your head.
    • The cold or hot compress shouldn’t be applied for more than 20 minutes.
    • Look out blisters, numbness, redness, and burns.
    • Don’t apply to broken or irritated skin.
    • If you have circulatory problems, then it’s best that you stay away from cold therapy.

    If you would like to know more about hot and cold compress, please visit this link: using hot or cold for a headache.

    How to apply a cold compress

    A series of How-To videos for repairing, jointing and terminating cables using 3M Cold Shrink & Scotchcast products.

    3M Cold Shrink Tubing

    This video by 3M Electrical shows how to apply 3M Cold Shrink Tubing safely.

    3M Cold Shrink Tubing is a series of open-ended, tubular rubber sleeves, which are factory expanded and assembled onto a removable core – the cold shrink tubes are supplied for field installation in a pre-stretched condition without requirement to use any activation or installation tools.

    Cold shrink tubes are available in both EPDM rubber and silicone.

    The 3M video shows how to install the tubing by unwinding the removable core allowing the tube to shrink and form a waterproof cable seal. Cold Shrink is quicker, easier and safer to install than heat shrink tubing alternatives.

    How to apply a cold compress

    Cold Shrink – invented by 3M over 40 years ago and now the preferred technology for heat-free jointing, terminating, sealing and abandonment of LV HV cables

    We hope you find this video informative and educational, contact T&D for technical support, quotations and stock availability for 3M Cold Shrink Tubing.

    ➡ Visit 3M Electrical for further information about joints, terminations, tapes and insulation to seal, repair, splice and connect LV MV HV cables.

    How to apply a cold compress

    Cold Shrink | Joint | Terminate | Seal | Repair | Splice | LV MV HV Cables | 3M

    • 3M Electrical Products Stocked By Thorne & Derrick International

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    You may have a special shoulder sling after your shoulder operation. These have been shown to lessen swelling and pain after surgery or injury, thus improving the recovery time.

    We currently use the Activewrap cold compression cuff and have previously used the Shoulder Cryocuff.

    How to use the Activewrap Cuff How to apply a cold compress

    We recommend that for maximum benefit you use the Active Wrap:
    – Day 1-7 after surgery – Apply cold pads for a maximum of 15 minutes at a time every 2 hours (you can increase this to every hour if you want). You should leave the compression sling on when you remove the gel pads to put in the freezer.
    – Days 8-21 – After physiotherapy sessions and when required.

    We advise you should ice with a small towel or cloth between skin and ice pocket.

    The gel pads should be stored flat in the freezer for 1 hour before each use.

    For more info and a video on how to apply the Activewrap see the official website

    How to use a Cryocuff:

    How to apply a cold compressHow to apply a cold compress

    1. Prepare Cooler
    Connect the blue tube to the cooler. Add cold water to the inside of the cooler with some ice. Lay the insulation disk on top of the ice. Close cooler lid tightly. Allow 5 minutes with occasional shaking to chill water.

    2. Put on the EMPTY Sling:
    At first it is helpful to have another person assist with this.
    Attach the main straps around torso securing in front and behind (Fig 1).
    How to apply a cold compress
    Secure the underarm strap (Fig 2).
    How to apply a cold compress
    Secure the front and back elastic straps (Fig 3). The elastic straps can be opened during shoulder exercises.
    How to apply a cold compress

    3. Fill Sling:
    Connect the blue tube to the Cold Compression Sling . Open air vent on cooler lid and raise cooler no more than 15 inches (38cm) above the sling (Fig. 4).
    Hold raised cooler for about 30 seconds while the sling fills. Close air vent on cooler lid. The cooler can now be disconnected from the sling by pressing the metal tab on the quick-disconnect while the cooler is raised.
    How to apply a cold compress

    4. Rechill Water:
    At first rechill the water in the cuff by the above process after 15 or 30 minutes, then once an hour or as needed.
    Reconnect the blue tube to cuff, lower the cooler below cuff and the warmed water will drain from the sling into the cooler. Allow a minute or two for the water to mix with the ice and rechil, then raise the cooler and repeat the filling process (see step 3).l

    Length of Use:

    We recommend that for maximum benefit you use the Cold Compression Sling:
    – Day 1-3 after surgery – Continuously
    – Days 4-7 – at night only, whilst sleeping
    – Days 8-21 – After physiotherapy sessions only (for 2-4 hours)

    Cold application is more effective than heat for sprains or other soft tissue injuries and is the preferred treatment within the first 48 hours after injury. Cold is applied to prevent swelling (edema); however, cold application usually will not reduce edema that is already present. Methods of cold application include the use of a compress, icecap, ice collar, ice pack, sponge bath, and hypothermia (cooling) blanket.


    Cold application means the application of an agent cooler than the skin. Cold application is also either moist or dry.


    • Cold relieves pain
    • To prevent gangrene
    • To prevent inflammation
    • To prevent edema
    • To arrest bleeding
    • To decrease the elevated baby temperature
    • To anesthetize an area
    • To decrease metabolic rate of the body
    • To provide comfort


    Local Cold Application

    • Dry cold: ice bag, ice collar, ice pack (poultice), chemical, cold packs and ice cradle
    • Moist cold: applications are ice to suck, cold compress and evaporating lotion

    General Cold Applications

    • Moist cold: cold sponging, cold bath, cold packs
    • Dry cold: hypothermia


    Cold Application: Primary Effects

    • Peripheral vasoconstriction
    • Decreased capillary permeability
    • Decreased local metabolism
    • Decreased oxygen consumption
    • Blood flow is decreased
    • Blood viscosity is increased
    • Lymph flow is decreased
    • Motility of leukocytes is decreased
    • Muscle tone is decreased

    The primary effect of cold application may last only for 30 minutes to one hour, after this time, a recovery time of one hour must be allowed or secondary effects (vasodilatation) will take place.


    • Cold should not be applied on patients who are in a state of shock and collapse
    • Cold should not be applied when there is edema
    • Cold should not be applied when there is muscle spasm
    • Cold should not be applied in diseases or disorders associated with impaired circulation
    • Cold should not be applied when there is decreased sensation
    • Cold should not be applied when there is infected wound
    • Cold should not be applied when the patient is having shivering or having a very low temperature


    • Cold causes construction of blood vessels and decrease the blood supply to the area
    • Cold decreases metabolism and the cell activity or growth
    • The end organs of the sensory nerves in the skin convey the sensation of cold; the sensations are interpreted in the brain
    • Woolen materials absorb moisture slowly, but hold moisture longer and colds off less quickly than the cotton materials
    • Moisture left on the skin causes rapid cooling due to evaporation of the moisture
    • Prolonged exposure to moisture increases the skins susceptibility to maceration and skin breakdown


    • Pain
    • Blisters and skin breakdown
    • Maceration (with moist cold)
    • Gray-bluish discoloration
    • Thrombus formation
    • Hypothermia


    • In hyperpyrexia, the temperature of the body should be bought gradually and steadily. Sudden cooling is dangerous to the patient
    • Protect the patient from getting chills, a shivering can raise the temperature, it also allows a patient to catch a cold
    • After the procedure, dry the part gently by patting and not by rubbing by removing the moisture, thereby, in prevent maceration of the skin and further cooling by evaporation
    • Maintain the correct temperature for the entire duration of the application
    • Never ignore the complaints of a patient, however, small they appear to be.

    How to apply a cold compress

    Nursing Procedure – COLD APPLICATION (Definition, Purpose, Classification, Physiological Effects, Principle, Contraindications, Complication and General Instructions)