How to answer hard questions on a test

Multiple choice questions are a staple of education. They may be less ubiquitous (<–SAT vocab word) than they once were. Still, we all have to take multiple choice tests.

Students, it’s vital that you have a good strategy for answering multiple choice questions. Use this 4 step process to answer any multiple choice question like you’re getting paid to do it.

1. Know what each multiple choice question is asking

This is an easy and understandable first step, but it’s one many students miss. It’s probably the biggest struggle students have with multiple choice questions.

There are two ways to bomb a test. First, you can fail to prepare. As the old saying goes, “Failing to prepare is preparing to fail.” If you need to study. And we don’t just mean spending time. Preparation means spending enough time studying and it means studying the right way in that time. Make sure your study sessions are effective.

The second way to bomb a test is carelessness. This may be a reason for more missed multiple choice questions than even unpreparedness.

You have to know what you’re being asked before you can give the right answer. Don’t get fooled into thinking you’re asked something you aren’t. If you give the right answer to the wrong question, it’s still wrong.

Here are some important things to look for to make sure you’re answering the right multiple choice question:

  • “Which is NOT…”
  • Questions with more than one possible answer
  • “All of the above” as an answer
  • “None of the above” as an answer
  • “All of the following EXCEPT…”

Make sure you pay attention to these common tricky multiple choice questions.

2. Evaluate each answer to the multiple choice question

After you’ve correctly identified the right type of question, you always want to do a quick evaluation of the answers. Often the types of answers given will suggest which is right. If you are surprised by the answers given, you want to double check that you read the question correctly.

If you’ve been studying effectively throughout the class, most multiple choice answers should be familiar. It’s a rare question that will have answers you’ve never seen in the class.

And keep this in mind: in this stage of the game, your goal is simple. Make sure that the answers you’re given match the question you think you’ve been asked.

3. Eliminate each clearly wrong answer

This phase more or less blends with the previous step. As you go, some answers will be so wrong that it’s not even funny.

If you’re asked which president chopped down a cherry tree and “Snoopy the dog” is an answer… well, hopefully you see what’s wrong with that answer. If not, I’ve got nothing for you.

Often this phase of the process will eliminate all but one answer. At that point, by simple process of elimination, you’ve answered the multiple choice question.

4. If all else fails, guess like a street magician

But sometimes you’ll still have two answers left. Or maybe three. Or maybe four.

I once took a high-stakes final. It shouldn’t have been high stakes. It was in “Theater Appreciation.” That’s supposed to be one of the easiest “A’s” you’ll ever get.

But some how I’d turned it into a real challenge. My final exam determined whether or not I would get an “A” or a “B” in the class. If I got 100% on the final, I’d get an “A.” If I missed just one question, I’d drop an entire letter grade.

And I didn’t know any of the final three multiple choice questions. I couldn’t even narrow it down. I had all 4 possible answers still alive for each of the last 3 questions.

What do you straight-up don’t have a clue?

You guess. That’s what I did. Apparently I guessed well, because I got an A. Or maybe the professor felt bad about giving a B, so he just gave me the A. I don’t honestly know.

Our guesses, however, are a special kind of guess. We don’t just blindly pick “C” because it’s the most common response (which I don’t think it is, by the way).

Let’s call it “guessing like a street magician.” These are the guys who seem to know your whole family history based just on the fact that you’re wearing a watch on your left hand and your shirt is the color red. They don’t really know who you are. They just make some educated guesses based on connections.

That’s the key – guess based on connections.

Even with excellent study skills, I almost always run into questions to which I don’t know the answer. Sometimes it’s worse that that. Sometimes I don’t even know where to start. It’s a complete and total guess. You might say, sometimes “I haven’t the foggiest” (to borrow an expression I’ve never once used).

But almost every time I know a connection to something in the question. Find those connections, use them, and guess based on them.

No connections? I’d go with your gut. But let’s look for the connections first. They’re less influenced by school cafeteria food.

If you use these 4 steps, we’re confident that you’ll have a good strategy on your next test.

Updated on April 24, 2020
One of the toughest situations when getting a driver’s license is to pass the written test. Many get nervous, even though they’ve been studying and preparing for a long time. It’s probably because getting your driver’s license is such an important milestone.

Use eTags © to Quickly Complete Your DMV Service. Renewals, Title Transfers and More, All Online!

While you go through your handbook to learn the basics of driving, there are some questions that are definitely hard to solve without hesitating.

Of course, you don’t want to fail the test and search for online resources to practice before the deadline.

From road signs to safety-related questions, you’ll need to demonstrate that you are prepared enough to get a learner’s permit.

Hence, let us give you the 5 most difficult questions you may get on your next DMV test.

Question #1

When parking your vehicle on any hill:

  1. Place the front wheels parallel to the road if there is no curb.
  2. Use the parking break and keep the vehicle in gear or “park” mode.
  3. Keep the engine on to prevent the car from moving.
  4. One of your rear wheels should touch the curb.

Question #2

What should you do to avoid skidding when driving on wet surfaces?

  1. Increase your speed to enter curves and reduce your speed to exit them.
  2. Increase your speed when going down a steep hill.
  3. Reduce your speed prior to entering curves and intersections.
  4. Swerve between lanes to gain control of your vehicle.

How to answer hard questions on a test

Question #3

When cruising along a freeway, you should look farther ahead compared to city driving:

  1. In order to detect a potential hazard on the road.
  2. Because there aren’t many signs on the road to look at.
  3. Because it takes ¼ mile to come to a full stop.
  4. In order to catch up with the amount of traffic on the road.

Question #4

When a truck is passing your car, you should:

  1. Come to a complete stop.
  2. Speed up to prevent the truck from passing you.
  3. Keep to the far side of your lane.
  4. Tap your horn to alert the trucker about your presence.

How to answer hard questions on a test

Question #5

A poor driving record may:

  1. Increase your auto insurance rates.
  2. Increase your registration renewal fees.
  3. Reduce the likelihood of being pulled over.
  4. Reduce your risk of crashing.

Do you know the answers of those questions? Find the answers below:

If you struggled to answer any of them, you may need to revisit your handbook.

Go through the areas where you need to improve and search for more resources online.

The multiple-choice questions on the AP Calculus exam count for 50% of your total score. The multiple-choice section consists of two parts: Part A contains 30 multiple-choice questions for which you are not allowed to use your graphing calculator, and Part B contains 15 multiple-choice questions for which you may (and in fact, will most likely need to) use your calculator.

Although you might not like multiple-choice questions, there’s no denying the fact that it’s easier to guess on a multiple-choice question than it is to guess the correct answer to an open-ended question. Contrast this with Section II of the AP Calculus exam, which accounts for the other 50% of your score. In that section, if you don’t know how to work a problem, you have to write down what you do know and hope to earn at least part of the available points.

Every multiple-choice question on the AP Calculus exam can be described as a “stand-alone” question. A stand-alone question covers a specific topic and is not part of a set; the question that follows it covers a different topic. Here’s a typical question:

In this question, you get some information and then you’re expected to answer the question. Where this question occurs in the test makes no difference, because there’s no patterned order of difficulty in which questions are presented on the AP Calculus exam. Tough questions are scattered between easy and moderately difficult questions.

The stand-alone questions look like a bunch of disconnected calculus questions one after the other and that’s just what they are. Because they aren’t connected to each other, there’s no reason you have to answer these questions in sequential order. The two-pass system, discussed next, should be used here. You can tweak the general idea of the two-pass system and apply it specifically to the AP Calculus exam.

The Two-Pass System on the AP Calculus Exam

Picking out questions with graphs is not an especially critical way to analyze the exam questions, but some students do no more than that. You should realize that the more advanced your pacing system is, the more time you might have at the end of Section I to answer the questions that you find difficult. To further refine your two-pass approach before Test Day, draw up two lists of exam topics. Label one list “Calculus Concepts I Enjoy and Know About” and label the other list “Calculus Concepts That Are Not My Strong Points.”

When you get ready to begin the multiple-choice section, keep these two lists in mind. On your first pass through the section, answer all the questions that deal with concepts you like and know a lot about. If a question covers a subject that’s not one of your strong points, skip it and come back on your second pass. The overarching goal is to use the time available to answer the maximum number of questions correctly.

This refinement of the basic two-pass system should give you a clear idea about how to approach the multiple-choice section of the AP Calculus exam. Now that you’ve got an idea of the correct approach, let’s talk a bit about the correct mindset for test-taking.

Comprehensive, Not Sneaky

The AP Calculus exam is not a sneaky test. It aims to see how much calculus knowledge you have. To do this, it asks a wide range of questions from an even wider range of calculus topics. The exam tries to cover as many different calculus facts as it can, which is why the questions jump from topic to topic. The test makers work hard to design the test so that it is comprehensive, which means that students who only know one or two calculus topics will soon find themselves struggling.

Understanding these facts about how the test is designed can help you to answer its questions. The AP Calculus exam is comprehensive, not sneaky; it makes questions hard by asking about hard subjects, not by using rhetorical tricks to create hard questions.

Kaplan Expert Tip
Trust your instincts when guessing. If you think you know the right answer, chances are that you dimly remember the topic being discussed in your AP course. The test is about knowledge, not traps, so trusting your instincts will help more often than not.

On other questions, though, you might have no inkling of what the correct answer should be. In that case, turn to the following key idea.

Think “ Good Math! ”

Still, bad math answers invariably appear, because it’s a multiple-choice test that includes three incorrect answer choices along with the one correct answer. So if you don’t know how to answer a question, look at the answer choices and think “Good Math.” This may lead you to find some poor answer choices that can be eliminated. Here’s an example:

Kaplan Expert Tip
For each multiple-choice question, no points are deducted for wrong answers, but no points are awarded for unanswered questions. Therefore, you should answer every question, even if you have to guess.

Students who recall the definition of a derivative based on limits will have no problem determining that (C) is the correct answer. However, if you don’t know how to answer this question, you can use “Comprehensive, not Sneaky” and “Good Math” to give yourself a chance at guessing the right answer. The limit definition involves h approaching 0 (because it’s getting very small), so you can eliminate B right away (because h is approaching ∞). Choice A can also be eliminated, because there is nowhere to plug in 0 for h (all the terms have xs in them, but no hs). Finally, think back to Algebra I: The first coordinate in an ordered pair is x, and this function is all about x^2, so you should see a 22 in the definition, not a 42. This means you can eliminate D, leaving (C) as the only remain-ing choice.

How to answer hard questions on a test

Since online learning often separates teachers from learners across time and distance, we rely on evaluations – in the form of tests, quizzes and assessments – to judge each student’s successful comprehension of the content (and to judge how well the course designers presented their information).

But what makes a good test question? Is it meant to challenge a student? Should it stump as many students as possible? If every student answers a question correctly, does that mean your question is too easy, or is it a perfect example of an effective test question?

To find out, let’s begin by reminding ourselves why we test our students in the first place.

The Purpose of a Good Test Question

As a general rule, a good question tests the 6-levels of intellectual understanding, as espoused in Bloom’s Taxonomy:

  • Knowledge
  • Comprehension
  • Application
  • Analysis
  • Synthesis
  • Evaluation

Going further, the Cornell University’s Center for Teaching Excellence provides a great summary of the characteristics of what a “good question” is:

  • Intention: Did the question assess what you intended to assess?
  • Demonstration: Did learners demonstrate that they learned what they needed to learn?
  • Progress: Were learners able to show progress in their learning?
  • Motivation: Did the question help motivate learners to further their academic pursuits of the subject matter?
  • Distinction: Did the question help distinguish learners from “non-learners”?

Notice that these guidelines have nothing to do with the structure of the question itself.

Whether your questions involve True/False answers, Multiple Choice responses, Matching items, Fill-in-the-Blanks or Essay responses, good questions must demonstrate all of these traits.

How to Create Effective Tests and Quizzes

At the heart of any good question is an understanding of the learning outcomes that the questions are seeking to measure. Before you develop your question bank, revisit the objectives of the course to ensure your questions are built with those objectives in mind.

For example, if the objective of a course is to ensure that students are capable of executing the basic functions of trigonometry, you might begin to formulate your final exam by first listing all the necessary functions you would expect a student to be able to execute by the end of your course. This will give you a checklist of “must-have” test questions, and provide a structure for the progression of the test.

For a more subjective topic, like political theory, you might first list all the key concepts you’d expect a student to be able to explain by the end of your course, as well as the critical thinking skills you’d expect them to be able to employ. Then you could devise an exam which includes all the necessary topics while simultaneously testing the students’ cognitive functions in their explanation of those terms.

From there, you can decide which question formats best serve those purposes.

While choosing from a series of Multiple Choice or True/False answers may be sufficient to prove a student’s familiarity with glossary terms or the basic comprehension of functions, those formats also allow for “educated guesses,” which may not be enough to prove a student truly understands the underlying concepts. Thus, you should also include Essay, Fill-in-the-Blank, and other open-ended question formats that require a student not just to deduce (or guess) the correct answer but to apply their knowledge and rhetorical reasoning — or, in the case of mathematics, to prove they can actually perform the computations effectively.

How Hard Should a Test Be?

Experts vary on their responses to this question, but the general consensus seems to be: harder is better, with a caveat.

Students who feel “put on the spot” or otherwise expected to achieve errorless results in a difficult situation are reportedly more likely to retain the correct information afterward, even if they make mistakes. The caveat? For this approach to work best, students must also have the opportunity to review their responses and understand what they got wrong. (Understanding why an answer is wrong also helps with retention.)

However, it’s critical to note that a question’s difficulty should be derived from the challenge it presents, not from any complexity in the way it’s phrased. As a recent incident in the UK proved, students of all ages can feel “demoralized” if they struggle to even understand the questions on a test.

Thus, if you’re presenting questions in such a manner that your students will barely be able to answer them — whether by writing them for an advanced reading level or by purposely writing them to be obtuse — you’re not truly testing your students’ knowledge; you’re making them jump through needless hoops which may result in lower scores and a dislike of the material simply for the sake of appearing “challenging.”

Testing the Test-Makers

Not sure if your test is too hard? Ask a beta tester in your target audience to take it before you administer it to your class.

For example, a grad student or teacher’s aide in the field should have no real trouble passing a test for undergrads, nor should a senior manager in a department that’s receiving employee training in a specific topic. If they do, you may want to step your difficulty level down a notch or two.

After all, a test that no one passes means it might be you, and not your students, who need a refresher.

Image: “Quiz” by Animated Heaven, via Flickr Creative Commons License

Thousands of people will become American citizens around Independence Day. But first they had to pass a citizenship test. Could you do the same?

How to answer hard questions on a testA naturalization ceremony in Los Angeles last year. Mario Tama/Getty Images

With your American citizenship on the line, could you answer the following question? Take a moment. Because, according to a 2011 study, this is the hardest of the 100 possible questions asked on the United States citizenship test.

How many amendments does the Constitution have?

In the weeks around July 4, thousands of people convene at courthouses, parks and stadiums from Tucson to Pawtucket, R.I., to Hagatna, Guam, to be sworn in as American citizens at Independence Day-themed ceremonies.

Before taking the oath of allegiance, however, would-be citizens must pass a civics examination, covering America’s history, principles and system of government. For the test, a United States Citizenship and Immigration Services officer randomly selects a set of 10 questions from a list of 100, and reads them in English to the applicant, who must orally answer at least six correctly.

Some, like “Name the president” or “What is the U.S. capital?” are easier than others, raising concerns about whether all applicants have the same shot at passing.

Here we’re testing you on the questions that the volunteer test-takers most often flubbed, with an exception: We’ve omitted one — “Name your U.S. Representative” — because the correct answer depends on where you live.

And, for this online quiz to work, we’ve converted them to multiple-choice format. Read the questions carefully, and good luck.

Which of these is something Benjamin Franklin is known for?

These hard interview questions can throw you off balance in your job interview. Be ready with practiced and polished interview answers and impress as a confident and competent job candidate.

Go through the sample interview answers and think about your own responses based on your background and situation.

How to answer hard questions on a test

In addition to the typical job interview questions asked by most interviewers there are 3 testing interview questions that can put you on the spot and that you need to be ready for.

3 Tough Interview Questions and Best Answers

Are you ready for 3 of the most difficult interview questions?

1. Are you overqualified for this job?

The hiring manager may consider that your experience and skills are a level or two above the position you are applying for. This may be frustrating but if you handle it properly it can become a positive in your interview discussion.

You need to persuade the interviewer that your skills and strengths will be of great benefit to the company. Your interview answer should focus on why it would be the right move for them to hire you rather than why it is the right move for you to take the job. 

How to answer hard questions on a test

You must convince the employer that not only can you do the job better than other candidates but that you want to do it. Focus on a couple of reasons why this job and company is a good fit.

2. What do you do in your free time?

Interviewers like to ask about a candidate’s leisure activities and personal projects because it provides insight into the individual’s motivations, character and life/work balance.

Candidates often struggle to answer this question as they try to tailor their answer to include what they think are impressive pursuits. It is more productive to be honest but always explain why you enjoy and participate in these activities.

For example, rather than just saying “I enjoy reading” elaborate on why. “I have always been fascinated by detective work and how to solve problems and find answers so I am a big fan of crime novels.”

How to answer hard questions on a test

Including a variety of activities demonstrates flexibility and a range of interests.

3. Have you applied for any other jobs?

You may feel this is an invasion of your privacy but interviewers like to ask it to determine how interested you are in their position and how serious and focused you are about your job search.

They want to hear that the types of jobs you are applying for are similar to their position and in the same sort of industry and work environment. It is best to respond in non-specifics with an answer that confirms your interest in the type of job they are recruiting for.

You can mention a couple of common characteristics that the jobs you are applying for have. “I have applied for other jobs that also involve teamwork and a strong customer service orientation.

How to answer hard questions on a test

If you are pressed to provide specifics make sure the jobs you refer to are consistent with their position. This will reinforce your enthusiasm for their job opportunity.

Avoid stating that this is the only job you are applying for. This does not impress the employer but rather raises concerns about your commitment to finding a new job and your activity levels. 

What should I do if I don’t understand the interview question?

You can be asked hard interview questions that you are unsure of how to answer. You may be confused about the sort of information the interviewer is looking for.

In this case it is always advisable to clarify the question, that way you can be sure you are providing the right information.

It is quite acceptable to ask the interviewer to repeat or clarify the question.

How to answer hard questions on a test

Asking for further clarity on the question demonstrates confidence and a desire to get it right.

What to do when I don’t know the answer to an interview question?

There are certain tough interview questions that you just cannot answer in the interview. These are usually job-related or technical questions. It is acceptable to not know an answer, it is how you deal with the situation that is important. 

How to answer hard questions on a test

Challenging interview questions crop up all the time. Preparation will help you to confidently answer whatever is thrown at you during your job interview.

How to answer hard questions on a test“Can someone explain this question to me? I don’t know what it’s asking.”

“How am I supposed to know the answer to this? It wasn’t in the lesson.”

Your association can have the best course in the world, but if the assessment questions or knowledge checks aren’t written well they can make the whole thing fall apart. Believe it or not, it can be hard to write effective questions. This is true whether you’re making an eLearning assessment or writing questions for a traditional in-classroom test. Luckily, there are some definite “Dos” and “Don’ts.”


  • Ensure the questions are tied to the course’s learning objectives
  • Have someone else read over the questions to see if they understand them
  • Randomize the order of the answer options, when possible (applies to eLearning)
  • Try to keep all of the answer options for each question around the same length
  • Use appropriate question types for the content
    • For example, if the learner needs to put steps in order a sequencing question fits better than a multi-choice question
    • The level of detail will depend on the situation. On a final assessment, just providing “Correct” or “Incorrect” may be appropriate. If the question is part of a learning activity, however, the feedback can explain why the answer is right or wrong.
    • Assessments can be interesting and thought provoking. Decision making simulations and other non-traditional methods aren’t just for presenting content, they can be used as assessments too.


    • Introduce new information during an assessment or knowledge check
    • Allow personal biases or opinions to make their way into an assessment
    • Ask unrealistic questions or use unrealistic situations
    • Write confusingly worded questions to “trip up” the learners
      • You want to test what they’ve learned, not whether they can figure out what the question is asking
      • For example, option “B” is always correct

      It’s also important to remember that some things can’t be properly evaluated with online or paper and pencil tests. These methods may be easy to administer and score, but they do have limitations. Some skills need to be evaluated in person, such as whether or not someone can perform CPR correctly. In other cases, a project or piece of sample work can be submitted. For instance, graphic designers rely heavily on portfolios to showcase what they’re capable of. For skills like these, evaluators can use scoring rubrics or checklists to assess learners’ achievement.

      An effective assessment is a feather in any course’s cap, whether it’s online or on paper. You can use these tips to help make your next set of assessment questions as clear and relevant as possible. Keep in mind that assessments don’t have to be “cookie-cutter” and some skills can be assessed best in person or through sample work. What’s the most confusing question you’ve ever seen on a test? Feel free to share by leaving a comment.

      If you’d like to learn more about custom eLearning course creation from Digitec Interactive, visit our eLearning page.

      If you’d like to read more about instructional design best practices, check out the rest of this author’s blogs.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      Abstract reasoning tests assess your ability to draw conclusions and spot patterns quickly and accurately from seemingly random series of shapes and images.

      Questions on the abstract reasoning test will usually require you to review a series of shapes, and use logic to predict what comes next in the sequence.

      Abstract reasoning tests are most commonly set by employers looking to hire people with an aptitude for strategic thinking and keeping calm under pressure — which is why it’s a common part of the recruitment process for technical roles such as engineering and architecture.

      The tests are designed to be challenging to help employers find the best candidates. The problems themselves aren’t easy, but the tight time limit in which you need to answer the questions is an added pressure.

      As is always the case with aptitude tests, the best thing you can do is practice as many tests as you can beforehand, and follow these key tips we’ve put together to help you succeed.

      Step 1: Get familiar with the test provider’s format

      First, check the publisher of the abstract reasoning test you’ll be taking. Then, practice as many tests as you can based on that publisher’s format, to familiarise yourself with the kinds of questions you’ll be asked.

      Make sure you time yourself, as answering each question in a minute or less is part of the challenge.

      Once you’ve completed a test, work back through the answers and make a note of any questions you got wrong or found particularly hard — these are the areas you need to work on.

      Step 2: Don’t practice only with mock tests

      Yes, it’s important to practice mock aptitude tests – but it’s not the only way you can sharpen your skills.

      If you’re looking for other ways to improve, try puzzle books, logic games or anything that requires you to identify patterns and work at speed.

      Step 3: Read the instructions carefully

      It sounds obvious, but it’s so important and you’d be surprised how many people don’t do it as they’re so concerned about the time.

      Before reading the instructions, take a deep breath and make sure you’re focused on the test in front of you. If you don’t understand the instructions on the first read, go over them again. There shouldn’t be anything too unfamiliar on there, but if there is it’s important you’re aware of it.

      Step 4: Don’t get tripped up

      Many tests will contain what are known as ‘distractors’. These are images, colours or shapes that are designed to draw your attention away from the problem at hand, to make solving the question more challenging.

      The best way to combat distractors is to focus on one element at a time. Whether it’s the shape, orientation, colour or size you’re trying to decipher – it’s so much easier to draw logical conclusions when you look at things in isolation.

      Step 5: Stay calm and don’t lose confidence

      It’s easier said than done, but it is important.

      If you are struggling with the questions on the test, don’t lose confidence.

      If you’ve practised abstract reasoning test questions beforehand then you’ve given yourself the best possible chance of success.

      Step 6: Keep an eye on the time

      Before starting, make sure you double-check the number of questions you need to answer against the time limit. Then, work out roughly how long you have on each problem.

      As tempting as it is to spend longer on particularly challenging problems, try not to. You can always come back to any unanswered questions at the end and you might then have a fresh perspective that will help you crack it.

      Pacing is part of what you’re being tested on – so it’s important to show you’re able to work quickly, as well as accurately.

      Step 7: Look for clues and identify patterns

      When faced with any question on the abstract reasoning test, it’s important to run through a checklist of important factors to consider — this can help you arrive at the answer more quickly.

      Look at which shapes are present; the various colours displayed; the arrangement of the objects, and how they change; the number of shapes and whether there’s a pattern in it; and whether the size of the shape is affected by any of the other elements you’ve considered.

      Step 8: Try starting with the solution

      When the answer is eluding you it’s always a good idea to flip the problem on its head and start at the end, with the multiple-choice answers.

      Study the possible answers and look for patterns or consistency. Looking at things from a different angle can often lead to a breakthrough.

      At the very least, you may be able to eliminate any answers that are definitely wrong, before making an educated guess from the remaining potential answers.

      Step 9: Remember, each problem can have more than one rule

      This means that when you’re trying to identify the rule that governs the sequence, keep in mind that some problems will need you to identify more than one rule to solve them.

      Although this sounds daunting, see it as a positive. It means there is more than one opportunity for you to identify a rule, and can make it easier to eliminate those answers that are definitely wrong.

      Step 10: Don’t assume the same rule won’t appear twice

      Often, test providers will make your job harder by making the same rule the correct answer more than once. Keep that in the back of your mind and don’t assume it won’t happen.

      If a shape is shaded, oriented or angled the same as in a previous question, it doesn’t mean it can’t be the correct answer twice. Following your own logic and intuition is more important than trying to guess how a test provider works.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      Welcome to Practice Aptitude Tests

      Our platform is packed full of tests, tips, articles and videos which we’re excited to share with you. All our content is developed by industry professionals drawing from decades of experience in psychometric testing.

      To see why over see over 9 million people use our platform, start by practicing our free tests.

      Read More On Abstract Reasoning

      • Tips For Abstract Tests
      • Prepare For An Abstract Test
      • Abstract Test Questions & Answers
      • Abstract Reasoning Tests
      • What is Abstract Reasoning?

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      How to answer hard questions on a test

      Play this interesting Trick Questions Quiz to find out how smart you are. This quiz contains confusing brain teasers, tricky trivia, and math trick questions.

      What is a trick question

      A trick question is hard to answer because there is a trap in it, and usually the obvious answer is not correct. Many people claim to be very smart and can answer any question and do not fall into the trap of trick questions.

      Common sense and knowledge do not help you answer the tricky questions. Some confusing questions are amusing, some are a game about words, and some include looking at things differently. Even if some of the answers are rational or rely on common sense, your first thought is often incorrect.

      Many people like to prove that they are brilliant in winning brain teasers. It is impossible to consider that you will nail every logic-based question, and it is even more impossible to hear all the riddles in the full sense of the word. Tricky questions will make you and your friends scratch your head and wonder how smart you are. Brain teasers and confusing questions are great for entertaining people in places like parties, the classroom, and the workplace.

      There are various types of trick questions quizzes; for example, math trick questions, trick questions for kids, Mind trick questions, and funny trick questions. If you are interested in evaluating your knowledge, play one of these online quizzes.

      Mind trick questions

      These are other kinds of difficult questions that are challenging, even for the smartest individuals. Do not rush before you answer; you should read the questions carefully and think. Here is an example:

      Example Question: A father and his son crash while driving on the road. The father dies on the way to the hospital, but his son is severely injured, and he had to have surgery. But when he’s taken to the emergency room, the doctor says I can’t operate because he’s my son. What do you think? How was this possible?

      Answer: the doctor was his mother

      Trick questions for kids

      These are the type of funny, confusing questions. Try these little mind tricks when you get a chance with the kids in your life. Don’t worry about answering questions wrong. You will have fun hearing some questions answered incorrectly. Here is an example of trick questions for kids.

      Example Question: Mr. Jones noticed that the pockets of his pants were completely empty – but there was still something there. What were?

      Answer: there was a hole.

      Funny Questions

      Some of the hard questions are fun and entertaining, so make you laugh. Especially if you answer this type of question with your friends and colleagues, you will have a great time. Ask these fun questions from your friends and coworkers and try to guess a few before looking at the answers. Here is an example of Funny Trick Questions.

      Example Question: Imagine you are in a boat and surrounded by sharks around the boat, how can you save yourself?

      Answer: Stop imagining.

      Math trick questions

      We all deal with math problems from elementary school, and for many people, math is a big problem. While logic makes you believe that your math skills are naturally better as you get older, the opposite is more likely unless you solve algebra and geometry problems daily. You’ll work for weeks for these ridiculous standard tests – but on the day of the exam, somehow, you didn’t know what equations or hard math problems wanted. To solve this problem, the best solution is to play online math quizzes.

      Generally, tricky questions are the best way to activate the brain and create fun. Use trick questions and brain teasers to bond between your office staff, avoid boredom and challenge your friends.

      Nursing school is one of the most rewarding paths you can consider for your future. You have the ability to enter the medical field, a high-paying and emotionally rewarding career, all without the same rigors involved in becoming a licensed physician. The NCLEX is the test you’ll take to become certified as a nursing professional. But how hard is the NCLEX? If you understand the difficulty of the test, you’ll have a better idea of the rigors associated with nursing school and the challenges you’re likely to face. We’re going to answer your question “Is the NCLEX hard?” and hopefully share some more helpful details along the way!

      Studying for the NCLEX? Check out the best NCLEX review books!

      Is the NCLEX Hard? Let’s Look at Pass Rates…

      It’s common for studying potential nurses to become discouraged when they don’t pass the NCLEX on the first try. Different states have different standards for the time in which you must pass the NCLEX. Some jurisdictions also have a maximum number of times that you’re allowed to take the test, so your individual restrictions will vary depending on the Board of Nursing in your area. See more details on how many times you can take the NCLEX.

      With that said, a person is allowed to take the NCLEX up to eight times each year. There must be a rest period of 45 days between each test, which allows you more time to study for the exam. It’s easier to examine the pass rates of people than to question the number of times you’re able to take the NCLEX. Even if you fail the first time, you’ll have a better idea of what to expect when you take the test for the second time, making the NCLEX less hard.

      If you’re considering a career in nursing, the first-time pass rate for the NCLEX might surprise you. Despite how hard the NCLEX exam is, test takers who are educated in the United States had a pass rate of 89% in 2018 when taking the NCLEX-RN exam. Meanwhile, the NCLEX-PN exam had a pass rate of around 84% for the same demographic. That means the answer to is the NCLEX hard is more like a response “it’s hard, but you will pass the first time if you study.”

      For people who had been educated in the United States, the pass rate for a test retake was lower. When taking the test for the second time, the NCLEX-RN had a pass rate of 45% and the NCLEX-PN had a pass rate of 35%. This can be largely attributed to the fact that a first-time fail indicates that the knowledge might not have been as deeply ingrained as it should be. If you fail the NCLEX for the first time and study hard for the second test, you’ll have a better chance of passing.

      If you’re educated outside the United States, the chances of passing the NCLEX lower, at least according to the statistics. Internationally educated students had a pass rate of about 44% when taking the NCLEX-RN and about 51% when taking the NCLEX-PN. Part of this might be because United States nursing schools focus more heavily on the subjects that will come up during the official test.

      See more data on the 2018 pass rates here.
      Get up to 20% off some of the best NCLEX prep courses on the market today! That’s up to $15 in savings.
      How Hard is the NCLEX – Actual Test Difficulty

      The NCLEX isn’t like the standardized tests you’re probably used to. Many standardized tests use a series of static test questions and then give you a score based on the percentage of questions answered correctly. You’ll be given results that outline the percentile range you rank in compared to the other test takers. But the NCLEX isn’t structured like this. Instead, it’s graded exclusively on a pass/fail basis. Percentile ranges aren’t calculated and don’t matter; the only thing that matters is proving you’re competent enough to practice as a nurse. Find out more about what’s a passing NCLEX score.

      The NCLEX is designed with the use of computer adaptive testing (CAT). This is a testing method which scales the questions to your skill level. When you answer questions correctly, the testing software assumes that you understand the base knowledge associated with questions at that level. It will then ask you more difficult questions. When you answer questions incorrectly, the test will ask you less difficult questions.

      So is the NCLEX hard? It really depends on your level of knowledge. The software scores your test based on whether you have enough solid knowledge for responsible practicing as a nurse. The number of questions you get right versus wrong doesn’t matter; what matters far more is the difficulty level that you’re able to answer questions at. For this reason, the number of questions you’ll be asked varies widely. There’s a minimum of seventy-five questions, but you might also be asked more than two hundred.

      There are only a few ways in which you can fail the NCLEX:

      • You answer the maximum number of test questions, and the test has not yet ascertained that you meet the minimum competency standards for a nurse
      • You run out of time before you have answered the minimum number of test questions
      • You run out of time, and the past sixty answers you have given do not demonstrate that you meet the competency requirements for a nurse

      Tips for Being Ready for the NCLEX

      1. Don’t cram. You should begin studying for the test at least three months in advance. This gives you time to review all of the sections that will be featured in the test itself. Cramming means that you’ll have a too-short time to stuff too much knowledge into your brain. Don’t have 3 months? Try out this 5-week NCLEX study plan.
      1. Prepare with a vetted NCLEX book. There are multiple books published regarding the exact questions you might see on the NCLEX. You should use one of these to study. It will give you a better sense of what to expect on the test and help to target your studying.
      1. Utilize online question banks like BoardVitals: Th ese question banks and practice tests give you a real time sense of the knowledge that will be required. Receive a 10% off discount on BoardVitals with our promo code: NERDS. Read our In-Depth BoardVitals Review.
      1. Focus on problem areas. You can use the previously mentioned materials to understand where your knowledge gaps lie. Perhaps you just discovered that you are still having trouble differentiating between subjective vs. objective data. Then this will help you target your study materials to the information where your performance is weakest.
      1. Arrive early on test day. Early arrival gives you a better chance to become familiar with the testing environment. Triple check what to bring to the NCLEX and what items need to stay at home.

      Did you take the NCLEX already? How hard was the NCLEX for you? Let us know by commenting below.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      The citizenship test questions and answers

      The citizenship test is a spoken test in English that is part of the naturalization interview. USCIS calls it the civics test. It makes sure you know and understand the U.S. government and history. You will need to pass it to become a U.S. citizen.

      There are currently two versions of the civics test: a 2008 version with 100 questions and a 2020 version with 128 questions. Anyone can take the 2008 version and it has fewer questions you need to know and answer.

      2008 – 100 Civics test questions and answers

      The USCIS officer will ask you up to 10 civics questions. You must answer 6 questions correctly to pass this part of the test. Find a complete list of these questions and answers in your language and in English. The videos can help you practice the answers in English.

      How to answer citizenship test questions

      The answers to the questions are under each question and are marked with a bullet on the PDF.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      Some questions have more than one correct answer.

      If the question only asks for one of them, you can choose which answer you give the USCIS officer. This means you only need to learn one answer to these questions.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      Some questions may ask for more than one answer.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      You do not have to say the words in the parentheses ( ) unless you want to.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      Some answers may change.

      You may be asked for the name of an elected official. For example, “What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives?” The name may change by the time you take your test if a new person is elected. Before your test, check the USCIS test updates page for the correct answer.

      Some answers are different based on where you live.

      Some questions will be different based on where you live. For example, “Who is the Governor of your state now?” Check the USCIS test updates page for the correct answer.

      Special civics test for those 65 years and older

      You can take a different version of the test if you are 65 years of age or older and have been a permanent resident (green card holder) for at least 20 years. This is called the 65/20 exemption.

      You only have to study 20 questions for this test. The 20 questions are from the full list of 100. They are the ones marked with an asterisk (*). You still have to get 6 out 10 questions correct to pass the test. This version can be taken in English or a language of your choice.

      Taking the civics test in another language

      You can take the citizenship test in your own language only if meet you one of these requirements:

      1. You are 50 years of age or older and have been a permanent resident (green card holder) for at least 20 years. This is called the 50/20 exception.
      2. You are 55 years of age or older and have been a permanent resident (green card holder) for at least 15 years. This is called the 55/15 exception.

      Learn more about exemptions and accommodations for the naturalization interview.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      USAHello has a free online class to help you prepare for the civics test in the naturalization interview.

      2020 – 128 Citizenship test questions and answers

      This is a version of the citizenship test introduced during the Trump administration. You can choose to take it if you applied for naturalization between December 1, 2020, and March 1, 2021.

      On February 22, 2021, the Biden Administration stated this version is not required. If you prefer to take the 2008 (100 questions) version you can. For the 2020 version, the USCIS officer will ask you up to 20 civics questions during your interview. You must answer 12 questions correctly to pass this part of the test.

      7 Tips to Beat the Test and What to Avoid Before Testing

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      • Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville
      • B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College

      A polygraph test or lie detector test is designed to analyze physiological reactions to questions to determine whether or not a subject is being truthful. The accuracy of the test has been widely contested by groups including the National Academy of Science, the US Congress Office of Technology Assessment, and the American Psychological Association. Even so, the test is routinely used to screen employment applicants and interrogate criminal suspects.

      While a person may be told to answer all questions honestly, the test is designed to measure responses to “white lies,” which means truly honest people run the risk of generating a false positive on the test. Other people may wish to conceal answers to certain questions, whether guilty of wrongdoing or not. Fortunately for them, it’s not that hard to beat a lie detector test. The first step to passing the test is understanding how it works.

      How a Lie Detector Test Works

      A lie detector test includes more than the time spent hooked up to the polygraph machine. The tester will start making observations the instant a person enters the test center. A skilled polygrapher will notice and record nonverbal cues associated with lying, so it’s a good idea to know your “tells”.

      The polygraph machine records breathing rate, blood pressure, pulse rate, and perspiration. More sophisticated machines include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. Physiological responses to irrelevant, diagnostic, and relevant questions are compared to identify lies. Questions may be repeated two to three times. The subject may be asked to intentionally lie to help the examiner establish baseline values. The test typically requires one to three hours to complete, including the background assessment, medical history, explanation of the test, actual polygraph, and follow-up.

      Most Advice Isn’t Very Effective

      The internet is filled with advice on ways to beat a lie detector test, but many of these ideas aren’t very effective. For example, biting your tongue or putting a tack in your shoe to use pain to affect blood pressure won’t affect perspiration levels. Similarly, imagining a lie when telling the truth and imagining the truth when telling a lie won’t work because it establishes differences between lies and truth. Remember, differences between the truth and lies are the basis for the test!

      2 Ways to Beat the Test

      Basically, there are two good ways to beat the test:

      1. Be completely zen, no matter what you’re asked. Note: Most people can’t master this.
      2. Be completely distraught throughout the entire test.

      7 Tips to Try

      Most people are nervous when taking a lie detector test, whether they intend to lie or not. The physical responses to nerves probably won’t fool a lie detector. You need to up your game to simulate feelings of mortal terror. This is because beating the test is all about mind games, which naturally affect physical responses. Here are some tips to try:

      1. If you want to beat the test, your best bet is to stay upset, fearful and confused throughout the entire test. The goal is to appear calm and in control, despite the inner turmoil. Remember your worst experience or solve difficult math problems in your head—whatever keeps you in a constant state of excitation and stress. If there is one particular question you’re worried about, imagine every question is that question before answering.
      2. Take time before answering any question. Identify it as irrelevant, relevant, or diagnostic (control). Irrelevant questions include asking you to confirm your name or whether the lights are on in the room. Relevant questions are the important ones. An example would be, “Did you know about the crime?” Diagnostic questions are ones most people should answer “yes” to but will most likely lie about. Examples include, “Have you ever taken anything from your workplace?” or “Have you ever lied to get out of trouble?”
      3. Alter your breathing during control questions, but return to normal breathing before answering the next question. You can make minor admissions here or not, as you choose.
      4. When you answer questions, answer firmly, without hesitation, and without humor. Be cooperative, but don’t joke or act overly-friendly.
      5. Answer “yes” or “no” whenever possible. Do not explain answers, give details, or offer explanations. If asked to expand on a question, reply: “What more do you want me to say?” or “There’s really nothing to say about that.”
      6. If accused of lying, don’t fall for it. If anything, use the accusation as fuel to feel upset and confused. In fact, answering diagnostic questions honestly may have given the examiner conflicting results, so be prepared to be questioned further.
      7. Practice any countermeasures before the test. Ask someone to ask you likely questions. Be aware of your breathing and how you react to different types of questions.

      Keep in mind, applying these tips may enable you to invalidate the test, but won’t be much use if you’re taking a lie detector test to get a job. In most cases, the easiest way through a lie detector test is to approach it honestly.

      Drugs That Affect Tests

      Drugs and medical conditions may affect a polygraph test, often leading to an inconclusive result. For this reason, drug tests and a screening questionnaire are commonly given before a lie detector test. Medications that affect heart rate and blood pressure can affect polygraph results. These include antihypertensives and anti-anxiety medications and also a host of illegal drugs, including heroin, marijuana, cocaine, and methamphetamine. Caffeine, nicotine, allergy medications, sleep aids, and cough remedies may also affect the test.

      Some Medical Conditions May Prohibit the Test

      While diagnosed sociopaths and psychopaths may be excluded from the test due to a potential ability to control responses, other medical conditions may prohibit the test. People who have epilepsy, nerve damage (including essential tremor), heart disease, have suffered a stroke, or are extremely fatigued should not take the test. Mentally incompetent people shouldn’t take the test. Pregnant women are generally exempted from the test unless a doctor gives written approval.

      With the exception of mental illness, drugs and medical conditions don’t necessarily enable a person to beat a lie detector test. However, they do skew the results, making them less reliable.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      A year ago to this day in 2020, the UK was amidst tough Covid restrictions meaning lockdown Zoom quizzes were one of the only things we had to keep us entertained.

      For some of us this year with the rapid spread of the Omicron variant, staying in away from the corwds has become familiar again – and so have the quizzes.

      So to help this New Year, we've created a pub quiz with 40 of the hardest general knowledge questions out there to really get your brain working with the whole family.

      Once you've completed this, you may be able to take on the professionals pub quiz stars and hopefully win!

      Give these general knowledge questions below a go and let us know how you get on in the comments. All the answers can be found immediately after the quiz questions so no cheating during your quiz!

      40 of the hardest general knowledge quiz questions:

      1) What is Prince William's full name?

      2) What's the name of the Coco Pops mascot?

      3) What year did Vincent Van Gogh die?

      4) Switzerland is made up of how many cantons?

      5) Which political figure became Baronness of Kesteven?

      6) Who designed the Eiffel Tower?

      7) In Harry Potter, where does Vernon Dursley work?

      8) Which English city was once known as Duroliponte?

      9) How many tombs are there in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt?

      10) Where is the oldest tree in the world?

      11) When was the LEGO brick invented?

      12) How big is the diameter of a basketball hoop in inches?

      13) When was the first computer invented?

      14) What is St Kitts and Nevis?

      15) How many languages has Harry Potter been translated into?

      16) How was the European Recovery Program in the 1940s more commonly known?

      17) Brandon Lee died during the making of which movie?

      18) Vehicles from which country use the international registration letter MA?

      19) Who directed The Silence of the Lambs?

      20) What is Mel Gibson's middle name?

      21) Who drew Felix the cat?

      22) What do you call a group of bears?

      23) Which body of the water was called “mare nostrum” by the Romans?

      24) What’s the maximum score you can achieve in 10-pin bowling?

      25) What is dermatophobia the fear of?

      26) What does a Geiger Counter measure?

      27) Where in the human body would you find the medulla oblongata?

      28) Who collaborated with Karl Marx to produce “The Communist Manifesto”?

      29) How many legs does a lobster have?

      30) Where was the first British colony in the Americas?

      31) Who is the author of the novel 'War and Peace'?

      32) Who was Bruce Forsyth's first female assistant on the Generation Game?

      33) What type of clothing is a Glengarry?

      34) Which American actor and film maker was born Mark Sinclair?

      35) Which long distance train had its first run in October 1883?

      36) 'Moonshine' was a slang term for which type of beverage?

      37) The wood of a cricket bat is traditionally made from which type of tree?

      38) Tom Cruise is an outspoken member of which religion?

      39) What is Cher's last name?

      40) What is the largest moon of Saturn called?

      Read More
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      1) William Arthur Philip Louis Windsor

      2) Coco the monkey

      3) 1890, on 29 July

      5) Margaret Thatcher

      6) Gustave Eiffel

      7) Grunnings – A drill manufacturer

      14) An island country in the West Indies

      16) The Marshall Plan

      19) Jonathan Demme

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      Friday, December 3, 2010

      Basic Computer Hardware Quiz Questions and Answer.

      Find below MCQ (Multiple Choice) questions and Answers useful for learning Computer Hardware.

      We have already published questions and answers for learning software testing, javascript, and php.

      So, you can this blog for further reading, or you can subscribe to our blog feed.

      If you find any issue in any question you can mention thro’ comment section or send mail to [email protected]

      You can put the below HTML code in your blog or website for linking into this page.

      1)How many pins does a SIMM have?
      a) 50
      b) 64
      c) 30 or 72
      d) 168
      Show Answer
      2) The various cards in a PC requires _______ voltage to function.
      a) AC
      b) DC
      Show Answer
      3) What type of hard disk formatting creates FAT (File Allocation Table) ?
      a) High Level
      b) Low Level
      Show Answer
      4) What is the name of the printed circuit board?

      You can bookmark this blog for further reading, or you can subscribe to our blog feed.


      WOW, its really great to know, this is really what i was searching for, i am sure this information will be helpful for all of us.

      nice blog. get it updated with latest information on computer hardware. A lot of people in surrounding are tech savvy but don’t really know how to choose right hardware for computers and how to handle the situation when small problems comes with it.

      nice blog .
      useful knowledge

      ya ,really great information . I confidence that information really helpful.

      great site, very pleased with the content here.
      inspiron 1520 drivers

      Its Really Cool!!
      It will help beginners a lot..

      Well, it should be very interesting.I really enjoy this reading, thanks for sharing.

      All hardware are machines can fail to function some time, however we can perform basic troubleshooting tips to make them functional, but if they don,t seem to work with effort they need to send for repair. Only the repair service can make machine things work.

      I was eagerly looking for this kind of informative post, all question are very interesting about computer hardware related. A lot of people in surrounding are technical survey but don’t really know how to choose right hardware for computers and how to handle the situation when small problems come with it. To solve any computer related problem and anyone want to computer repair so visit on

      This is great! Gd syt in deed.

      Since i am a hardware and networking trainer these questions are very much useful for me in order to conduct exams. IICT is the best Hardware and Networking Training Institute in Chennai with Networking Job Consultancy.

      How To Answer AQA Psychology Short Context Questions

      by PsychLogic, published 2020

      Although many A-level Psychology questions are straight-forward and can be answered by memorising model answers, the exam will also include ‘context’ questions where you will be asked to apply psychological knowledge to real-life situations.

      To score highly in these questions it is vital that you link psychological knowledge to the real-life context provided in a meaningful and sustained way.

      Below are 6 short context questions with model answers.

      Social Influence(1)

      Jan and Norah have just finished their first year at university where they lived in a house with six other students. All the other students were very health conscious and ate only organic food. Jan had listened to their point of view and now she also eats only organic food.

      Norah was happy to eat organic food while in the house, but when she went home for the holidays she ate whatever her mother cooked. Both girls conformed, but for different reasons.

      Explain which type of conformity each girl was showing.


      “Jan shows internalisation. She has publicly and privately changed her attitudes and now permanently only eats organic food. Norah is showing compliance.

      She only conformed publicly to her friends’ behavior but had obviously not privately undergone attitude change to eating organic as she reverted to eating non-organic in the holidays.

      Norah probably conformed to gain group approval and membership whereas Jan believed the other students to be ‘right’ in their belief that organic food was ‘good’.”

      Social Influence(2)

      (a) Name 3 behaviors that enable a minority to influence a majority.

      (b) Marcus wants to persuade his group of friends to go travelling in the summer but the rest of the group would like to go on a beach holiday. Briefly suggest how Marcus might use the 3 behaviors that you have identified in your answer to (a) to persuade his friends to go travelling.


      (a) Answer. “Consistency, Commitment, Flexibility.” (No need to explain – just name them).

      (b) Answer. “Marcus should consistently give the same message again and again that the group should go travelling rather than on a beach holiday.

      He should show commitment to his idea by, for example, investing time in planning and organising his proposed trip.

      Lastly, he should some flexibility: for example, he could suggest the group go travelling but they will spend quite a bit of time at the beach whilst travelling.”


      The multi-store model of memory has been criticised in many ways. The following example illustrates a possible criticism.

      Some students read through their revision notes lots of times before an examination, but still find it difficult to remember the information. However, the same students can remember the information in a celebrity magazine, even though they read it only once.

      Explain why this can be used as a criticism of the multi-store model of memory.


      “The MSM states that depth of memory trace in LTM is simply a result of the amount of rehearsal that takes place.

      The MSM can be criticised for failing to account for how different types of material can result in different depth memory traces even though they’ve both been rehearsed for a similar amount of time.

      For example, people may recall information they are interested in (e.g. information in celebrity magazines) more than material they are not interested in (e.g. revision notes) despite the fact that they have both been rehearsed for a similar amount of time.

      Therefore, the MSM’s view of long-term memory can be criticised for failing to take into account that material we may pay more attention to or is more meaningful/interesting to us may cause a deeper memory trace which is recalled more easily.”


      Bryan has been driving for five years. Whilst driving, Bryan can hold conversations or listen to music with little difficulty. Bob has had four driving lessons. Driving requires so much of Bob’s concentration that, during lessons, he often misses what his driving instructor is telling him.

      With reference to features of the working memory model, explain the different experiences of Bryan and Bob.


      “Because Bryan has been driving for 5 years it is an ‘automated’ task for him, it makes fewer attentional demands on his central executive so he is free to perform other tasks (such as talking or listening to music) and thus is able to divide resources between his visuo-spatial sketch pad (driving) and phonological loop (talking and listening to music).

      As Bob is inexperienced at driving this is not the case for him – his central executive requires all of his attentional capacity for driving and thus cannot divide resources effectively between components of working memory.”


      Diane is a 30-year-old businesswoman and if she does not get her own way she sometimes has a temper tantrum. Recently, she attended her grandmother’s funeral and laughed during the prayers. When she talks to people she often stands very close to them, making them feel uncomfortable.

      Identify one definition of abnormality that could describe Diane’s behavior. Explain your choice.


      “Diana’s behavior could be defined as deviating from social norms.

      Although she is 30 she still has childish temper tantrums, she acted in a socially abnormal way at her grandmother’s funeral and she disobeys social norms about how close it is appropriate to stand to people.

      She is deviating from what is regarded as socially normal, thus according to this definition she would be defined as psychologically abnormal.


      Anca is an orphan who has been adopted by a British couple. Before being adopted, Anca lived in an institution with lots of other children in very poor conditions. Her new parents are understandably concerned about how Anca’s early experiences may affect her in the future.

      Use your knowledge of the effects of institutionalisation to advise Anca’s new parents about what to expect.


      “Apart from suffering maternal deprivation, because Anca lived in an institution with very poor conditions, she may have been mentally under-stimulated, malnourished and uncared for.

      In a study of similar children conducted by Rutter, orphans scored worse than a control group on measures of physical, social and cognitive development.

      Therefore, Anca may be physically and intellectually underdeveloped for her age and may show poor peer relations and disinhibited attachment – a form of insecure attachment where children do not discriminate between people to whom they try to attach to, being overly friendly, clingy and attention seeking.

      However, if she does form an attachment at a fairly young age these negative effects may be reversed.”

      Career Counseling clients started asking about a new line of interview questioning that is stumping them. They wanted guidance on how to develop an effective answer to diversity questions. Larger employers, especially Fortune 500 employers, have begun to add one or two diversity questions into their interviewing process. These are very difficult when you are not prepared for them.

      One Fortune 100 Recruiter said, “our company has implemented a few new policies in response to the need to diversify the workforce. The key problem is that hiring managers often introduce their personal biases into the hiring process. So, the first change has been to send our hiring managers resumes to review where the recruiter has replaced the job candidate’s name with a number. This way, everyone is equal, and no one brings personal biases into the interviewing process. Having had twenty years of hiring experience, I’ll tell you EVERYONE is raised with some innate biases against other cultures, races, genders, or sexual orientation. If you don’t think so, ask Baby Boomers what they think of tattoos? You will hear an opinion, for sure. Our company wants to level the playing field when hiring new employees and develop a culture where they feel they belong. We now have all our hiring managers ask a couple of diversity questions during the job interview.”

      “Diversity initiatives are now at the forefront of every HR leader’s to-do list,” said a Chief of Human Resources who asked to remain nameless. “SHRM (the Society of Human Resources Management) has provided plenty of valuable resources to help companies big and small deal with the Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion issues which start with hiring new talent. I’ve been sitting through numerous webinars in the last few months covering this topic. Our company is smaller, and we are just beginning to develop a diversity plan. I am currently asking job candidates at least one diversity question in their interview with me.”

      Diversity questions often catch people off guard. It is a sign of the times that more employers are asking these, though. The job hunter, if unprepared, typically answers diversity questions poorly. That can mean elimination from that job.

      Right approach

      We live in a global workplace with many companies doing business with other nations. How do you define diversity? It’s not just race, but it can also include gender, sexual orientation, ethnic background, and generational gap. To answer appropriately, you must stress these three things:

      Empathy Is The Most Important Leadership Skill According To Research

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      · tolerance

      · acceptance

      · inclusion

      Older, more mature workers may have more biases because of the times which they were raised. Maybe you support vets. Perhaps you dislike a nationality because of war experiences. You must bring a more neutral attitude to your job in these sensitive times. All ages can have biases, so you are likely not immune from this issue, whether you are 30 or 60.

      Answering Diversity questions

      Here are a few questions and sample answers to help you understand how you can answer these questions.

      Describe a time you were in a group of diverse people?

      One client was from the Middle East, and she had experienced a great deal of discrimination. This question threw her in the interview. She confessed she had a complete block on how to handle this question. I worked with her in our interview coaching session to make her position and experiences better known. She said:

      “I’m usually the person with the most diversity in any workgroup because of my Middle East birth. I have found others are usually afraid to ask me questions for fear of offending me. I am rather introverted, and in my culture, men’s opinions mattered more. I have realized that I must speak out more frequently and offer my ideas. I now actively participate in brainstorming sessions to solve problems. I even talk a bit about some of my life growing up in the Middle East. People are more comfortable around me because I made a significant effort to be more open and share.”

      Here is how a male engineer in a global company answered.

      “In my company, we have people from all over the world, so our workgroup is very diverse. I noticed some people are very quiet in the group. They offer more if we two are talking, but they remain silent in a group. I have realized the reluctance to speak in a larger group was because of age or generational differences or cultural differences. I then took on a more active role in group settings, even though I am not the leader. I’ll ask each person by name if they have any ideas or anything to add. This approach has given us new and better ideas to solve problems because everyone comes from a different perspective. It has also helped build more acceptance and make these people feel included and not like outsiders.”

      As a manager, what strategies have you used to address diversity challenges?

      “Many of our customers are from different ethnic or cultural backgrounds, so being savvy on how to act and what to say shows insight and good business acumen. As a result, I have taken several classes on diversity and became more sensitive to this issue. I do my best to promote tolerance, acceptance, and inclusion. I work with some resistant people who need additional training classes and coaching to be more sensitive. I coach them privately or call in HR and have HR offer a training course for my teams and indirect reports. I sell it as a terrific way to get more input from every person on the team, which allows us to come up with new ideas, productivity, and process/system or design improvements. That approach has been successful for me.”

      Another answered with a clear-cut example:

      “I had a female tech employee come to me and stated she overheard some men talking about their salaries. She did the same job and was shocked to hear that these men made more than $10,000 more than her. She requested an immediate raise to be equal to her male peers. I investigated the issue, and I found that all seven women I had in my division were underpaid. I took the issue to senior leadership and asked them to rectify the situation. This was not an easy sell because the company was in a so-called ‘no promotion, no raises’ timeframe. I talked to all the women involved and kept them informed. I was able to get equity raises through and retroactive to the beginning of the year. I pushed hard for this because it was the right thing to do. I feel strongly we need to offer fair, equitable pay to both men and women.”

      Think about a few diversity questions you might be asked. (This Forbes article has more). Many interviewers want you to offer a specific work example. Think about the best illustration you can present, showing you to be accepting and tolerant. Write out your answer. Roleplay and say the words out loud. Perfect the answer, so you are ready to handle these challenging questions when asked.

      PNG Insight created this website to give teachers and students the opportunity to access materials – especially revision materials for Mathematics Examinations – with ease. It is a service for the community as such the resources are made available for FREE.

      Users need to use their mobile phones or computers to access the open-source math resources. The website is mobile friendly and interactive, which means you can take some tests online and get the scores and feedback at the end of the test. And do the tests or download the resources as many times as you can, and at your own convenience.

      Features of PNG Insight’s MER

      We have some great features to enhance revisions at school or home. Some of them include:

      • Past Maths Exam Papers for Grades 8, 10 and 12 students to download.
      • Online Practice Test Questions with Answers. Feedback is also provided at the end of each test.
      • Teachers’ Mathematics resources for use as revision aids.
      • Education department Apps and Links to the on-demand webpages
      • Maths Examinations Tips and Guides for students at Grades 8, 10 and 12.

      Visit the main menu and navigate throught the website – it is as easy as this.

      The resources are organised to make it easy to either download exam revision resources or take an online practice test.

      Latest features of MER: Maths Skill Practice Tests and Answers

      There are two latest additions to the MER website.

      First, the Basic Numeracy Skill Online Test/Assessment. It is a check-point of the functional math ability (math skill) of students at upper primary and lower secondary schools, Grades 5 – 8.

      There are 50 multiple choice questions arranged by difficulty levels from low to moderate to high.

      The test is split into 4 smaller tests – each takes less than 5 minutes to do. See it here: Online skill math revision tests

      Latest features of MER: Free Download of Grade 10 Maths Exam Questions and Answers (2010 – 2014 Math Exam Qtn Compilation)

      The second feature is the compilation of 2010 – 2014 Grade 10 Math Exam Questions by Unit. Free to download at your convenience.

      Great for both teachers and students at Grade 10 to use as math exam revision material.

      If your child, a sibling, friend or someone you know is in Grade 10 encourage them to check out the past exam papers and revision materials on this *new* website, MER.

      Grade 10 Maths Exam Questions and Answers PDF

      The PDF booklet (2010-2014 math exam questions and answers) is 33 pages, but quick to download because we compressed it to just 3.45 MB (from a massive 16.9 MB).

      To download the Math Exam Questions and Answers PDF or Grade 10 Past Exam Papers, click here.

      It is watermarked to protect the originality of the document. If you want to remove the watermark and use it in class or for other educational purposes, please email us at [email protected]

      Visit the Grade 12 General Math and Advanced Math pages here> GM/AM revision materials

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      You’re bound to be asked some difficult questions any time you interview for a new job. Although you can’t know which challenging questions will come up, there are several common possibilities. It’s wise to practice answering tough questions during your interview prep.

      Review sample questions and consider what appropriate responses might be, based on your background, skills, and the job opportunity. There aren’t necessarily any right or wrong answers, but you will need to consider the job requirements you are applying for, your strengths, and the company culture before you respond.

      Becoming familiar with the popular question categories and some questions that are in them can help you have better results for your next interview.

      Questions About Co-Workers and Supervisors

      Interviewers will ask about your experiences with your colleagues and managers to determine how well you will fit in with a particular group. Try to keep a positive spin on all your answers, even when there is the temptation to criticize someone you worked with. Here are some examples:

      • Tell me about a time when you had to deal with a co-worker who wasn’t doing their fair share of the work. What did you do and what was the outcome?
      • Give me an example of when you took the time to share a co-worker’s or supervisor’s achievements with others.
      • Tell me about a time that you didn’t work well with a supervisor. What was the outcome and how would you like to have changed what happened?
      • Have you worked with someone you didn’t like? If so, how did you handle it?
      • Tell me about a time that you helped someone.
      • Tell me about a time that you misjudged a person.
      • How do you get along with older (younger) co-workers?

      Questions About Your Abilities

      The hiring manager will be assessing your abilities during your interview so they can try to determine how successful you might be in the position you’re seeking. It would help if you thought about specific examples of positive outcomes from previous jobs. Here are some example questions:

      • Describe a decision you made that was a failure. What happened and why?
      • Tell me about a time that you needed to convey technical information to a non-technical audience.
      • Tell me about a time that you worked interpreting and presenting data.
      • Why do you think you will be successful in this job?
      • Tell me about a time that you participated in a team. What was your role and how well do you think you fulfilled it?
      • Tell me about a time when you faced conflicting priorities. How did you determine the top priority?
      • Tell me about a time when you failed.

      Questions About Yourself

      It’s appropriate for hiring managers to ask some personal questions during an interview, as long as they are professional and relate to your ability to do the job. Consider these questions:

      • What would you do differently if you could start your working life over?
      • How do you balance life and work?
      • What is your preferred way to communicate—instant message, phone, or email?
      • Do you check voicemail and email when on vacation?
      • What is your favorite book? How about your favorite movie?
      • What historical figure do you admire and why?
      • If you could choose anyone (alive or deceased) to have lunch with, who would it be?
      • What did you do during this six-month gap in employment?
      • What do you love to do for fun?
      • What led you to this point in your life?
      • Do you consider yourself successful?
      • What inspires you in a job?
      • What excites you most about the position and what do you think would be a stretch for you?
      • Who are the influencers in your life?

      Questions About Your Career Goals

      When the interviewer asks you about your career goals, you’ll want to convey your ambition for the future and stress your interest in learning and growing in the opportunity. Your interviewer may want you to start with your college graduation and explain the rationale behind each of your career moves. Also, they may ask you to explain the thinking process that went into making each of those decisions. They might also ask:

      • How many hours a day/week do you need to work to get the job done?
      • If you stayed with your current company, what would be your next move?
      • How do you measure success?
      • Describe your dream job.
      • Describe a job that would be your worst nightmare.
      • If you were the CEO of this company, what would be the top two things you would do?

      Questions About Working With Other People

      In any position, interaction with your colleagues is essential, and how well you manage your relationships with others impacts the work environment for everyone. Interviewers will ask questions to determine how well you can work with others. For example:

      • How would you assess the skills, personality traits and work ethic of candidates by applying behavioral interviewing techniques?
      • What techniques have you used to motivate subordinates to improve performance?
      • Are you comfortable leading group discussions in a way that incorporates diverse views and draws consensus?
      • How do you develop a comfortable rapport with clients and determine their preferences for products and services?
      • Do you listen actively and emphatically to encourage clients to share their feelings and problems?
      • Have you created and delivered training sessions that engage the audience in active learning? Please describe.
      • How would you provide difficult news to an employee targeted for layoff?
      • Tell me about a time when you mediated conflicts between employees or with clients.
      • Are you able to resolve customer complaints with patience and creativity?

      More Challenging (and Some Strange) Questions

      These questions don’t fall into any particular category, and they may seem a bit unnerving. But they’re worth considering:

      • Are you a risk-taker?
      • If you were an animal, what would you be?
      • Convince me to hire you.
      • We unplugged that clock on the wall. Why did we do that?
      • Why shouldn’t I hire you?
      • What does your current employer think you are doing today?

      Interview Questions Employers Should Not Ask

      Some of the most challenging interview questions shouldn’t be asked at all. These kinds of questions are generally against the law, and employers should not ask them during a job interview. But, from time to time, hiring managers slip up and ask questions they shouldn’t.

      It pays to be prepared to handle unethical or inappropriate questions so that you’ll know what to do. Depending on the situation, you might choose to end the interview, refuse to answer or answer politely while avoiding the question’s illegal part.

      Passing the DMV written test is one of the few steps new drivers need to follow to get their driver’s license. The entire process could be tough but once you get a pass you’ll be closer to your new license.

      Use eTags © to Quickly Complete Your DMV Service. Renewals, Title Transfers and More, All Online!

      If you are taking the DMV written test for the first time, know that you are expected to study from the driving manual, which covers key topics including: road signs, traffic laws, road rules, and other safety and driving rules.

      It’s compulsory so there’s no way you can skip that. Most first timers take the exam without any preparation because there’s an assumption that those tests are easy.

      But, did you know that 5 out of 10 drivers fail the DMV written text on their first try? According to, failure rates for most states ranges between 35% and 55%, which is still worrisome.

      For that reason, here you’ll learn DMV Written Tests advices that will make you pass your test at the very first try.

      #1 Get your driver’s manual

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      Get Your Driver’s Handbook

      If you are taking the test for the time, get the DMV Handbook and that’s the first thing you need to do. Unless you are an expert on traffic laws and rules, know that the law varies from state to state.

      You don’t need to visit your local DMV to get it. Some states, say Florida, allows candidates to download it online.

      Once you have your manual, go through the content and learn from the topics that are relevant or the ones that you are not familiarized with.

      There’s no reason to stress and memorize word by word. Just try to get through the pages and get a solid foundation of what you are expected to know.

      #2 Go online

      Visit your local DMV website to search for online practice tests so you can have an idea of what they are expecting you to know before the test.

      Remember that written tests vary from state to state so just focus on your area. At the same time, each state has their own driving laws so be careful and avoid confusions.

      #3 Go back and forth

      Once you have a list of practice questions, try to get an idea of what the most common topics are. It helps you to manage your time better and focus on the topics that need greater attention.

      By the way, your manual is not a coaster on your desk, go back and forth. Use your booklet to compare your answers or cover those topics that you may be struggling with.

      #4 Get more help

      Many first time drivers are concerned about not understanding certain topics that are extracted from the manual. They even go to the wrong sites to practice with sample questions that are either too technical or too easy to answer.

      If you having a hard time finding proper guidance, visit to get the precise type of questions you need to focus on.

      It will not only save you a lot of time, but its features also include: sample questions, DMV requirements, and other helpful tips.

      #5 Study!

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      Keep Studying Until You Feel Confident About It

      There’s no successful person who claims to achieve their greatest goals in life without working hard for it. At the end of the day, how you learn from the driver’s manual and the practice tests matters more than anything else.

      The more relevant topics you can retain, the better. A good tip is to understand more about speeding numbers and the different road symbols, as they always appear on the test.

      #6 Relax!

      As soon as you feel confident about everything you learnt from the booklet and practice questions, it’s time to have a proper rest.

      It is essential to get enough sleep, have a good breakfast, and get all the energy you need to feel mentally and physically able to take your written test.

      Never forget what your parents told you about sleeping as it applies here.

      #7 Don’t panic!

      Once you are taking your DMV written test, don’t try to solve all the questions at once. Rushing through the questions could stop you from understanding what the questions are exactly about.

      If you find a question that you cannot answer, don’t panic. It happens to everyone. Read them carefully and think about your choices.

      After a careful thought, pick the answer that you think is the right one. Always trust your instincts.

      #8 Be positive

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      Stay Positive At All Times!

      This is the easiest and most important part of passing your DMV written exam. Remember that you invested a great amount of your time in learning more about the rules and laws about driving in your state. It will pay off.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      If you’re applying for a graduate job, you’ll probably have to pass a critical thinking test. Here, we’re going to take a look at a few sample critical thinking test questions that you should use as practice for the real critical thinking test.

      Sample Critical Thinking Test Questions

      Section 1 – Evaluating Arguments

      Read the following question, then evaluate whether each of the responses is a ‘strong argument’ or ‘weak argument’.

      Do the rich have an obligation to pay more taxes, in order to help the poor?

      1. Yes – it’s immoral for them not to do so.
      2. No – instead of forcibly taxing, the rich, we should encourage them to give to charity. Almost every rich person I’ve met is very generous.
      3. Yes – in order for a society to function better, it’s important to lift more people out of impoverished situations so that they can contribute to the nation’s economy.
      4. No – The reality of the matter is that life isn’t fair. Because it’s not fair, we shouldn’t bother trying to make it any fairer for people.

      Section 2 – Assumptions

      Read the following passage. Then, decide whether the statements below are assumptions made by the passage or not.

      During the 2000s, the number of soldiers physically stationed in the Middle-East skyrocketed. However, in 2019, this number is continuing to decease. It’s wonderful that the western world has less of a military presence in other countries, presumably to a negligible amount on the next 5 to 10 years.

      1. No soldiers physically stationed in an area means that there’s less of a military presence.
      2. There won’t be another spark of conflict within the next 5 to 10 years.
      3. War is a thing of the past.

      Section 3 – Inferences

      Read the following passage. Then, decide whether the three statements below are “True”, “Probably True”, “Insufficient Data to Say True or False”, “Probably False”, or “False” – based purely on the information in the text.

      John’s company has been successful for the past 5 years. Reported profits have been rising each year, with 2018 being the strongest year yet. To celebrate, John treated his staff to a meal at a 5-star restaurant in the city.

      1. John is rich.
      2. John’s staff are happy.
      3. John’s company performed well in 2017.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      Answers – Critical Thinking Test Questions

      Section 1 – Evaluating Arguments – Critical Thinking Test Questions

      1. Weak Argument.
      2. Weak Argument.
      3. Strong Argument.
      4. Weak Argument.

      Section 2 – Assumptions – Critical Thinking Test Questions

      1. Assumption Made.
      2. Assumption Made.
      3. Assumption Not Made.

      Section 3 – Inferences – Critical Thinking Test Questions

      1. Probably True.
      2. Insufficient Data.
      3. True.

      Conclusion and Next Steps – Critical Thinking Test Questions

      Ready for more questions and guidance? Check out our guide: How to Pass the Critical Thinking Tests.

      How to answer hard questions on a test

      Hi, I’m Dave! Every month I release a new answer for a difficult question on IELTS.

      Here is the toughest question from February:

      In the future it will become more difficult to live on Earth so more money should be spent researching how to live on other planets such as Mars.

      To what extent do you agree or disagree?

      Real Past IELTS Exam/Test

      This question is very interesting but also difficult for a couple of reasons.

      First of all, that is because you probably don’t think about living on another planet much.

      There aren’t many stories in the news about it so it is hard to write about a topic that may not be important for hundreds, or thousands, of years.

      Secondly, it’s tricky to decide whether or not to focus on one side or talk about both.

      Please consider signing up for my Patreon here in order to support my efforts and receive exclusive Ebooks and materials related to IELTS!

      If you have any questions, feel free to email me at [email protected]

      Try your luck at this mega-hard Pokémon quiz – only superfans will get full marks!

      How to answer hard questions on a test


      What species is Zapdos?

      How to answer hard questions on a test


      How many ‘types’ of Pokémon are there?

      How to answer hard questions on a test


      Who is Number 1 on the Pokedex?

      How to answer hard questions on a test


      Which of the following is ability of Pebblosa?

      Which of these is NOT an attack by Pikachu?

      6/15 How to answer hard questions on a test

      How many Pokémon are there in total?

      7/15 How to answer hard questions on a test

      What Pokémon is this?

      8/15 How to answer hard questions on a test

      Complete this line from the original Pokémon show:”Team Rocket are. “

      9/15 How to answer hard questions on a test

      What Pokémon is this?

      10/15 How to answer hard questions on a test

      Kakuna uses a fire attack. True or false?

      Which of these Pokémon types is Pikachu STRONGEST against?

      12/15 How to answer hard questions on a test

      This is a Whirlipede. What kind of attack does it have?

      Which of these is NOT a kind of Pokémon?

      14/15 How to answer hard questions on a test

      What’s the name of the largest Pokémon ever discovered?

      15/15 How to answer hard questions on a test

      Community member

      You probably still remember the horror of taking a test at school. All quivering and trembling you sat there and either scribbled the answers as fast as you could or just stared blankly at the letters-turned-hieroglyphs understanding nothing. If it were such a case, you would probably leave the page all blank or, being a good kid that you were, tried to come up with a plausible answer for a question which subjects you couldn’t understand at all. The smart kids in the list below fall in neither of the categories. These bright pupils came up with the funniest test answers harnessing the powers of puns and their creativity. Reasons for choosing to answer the questions this way are unknown, but we have a strong feeling, that the hard questions brought out some A-class smartasses out.

      The tricky question, though, is if a kid answers to a problem on a test in an incorrect but smart manner, should they be credited or penalized for it? Below, you can find 30 brainy and funny test answers that will make you wonder what’s better – the correct or the apt solution.

      Naturally, the best-case scenario would be that one’s students would understand all of the material they’re being tested on and answer the questions correctly. But what about the argument that a strict educational environment can stifle creativity and intellectual development? For better or for worse, these test-takers either chose to create a smart and funny test answer or, when they failed to come up with the right solution for a weird question they did not understand, came up with a creative one. Should all kids be penalized for thinking outside of the box and coming up with innovative solutions to problems?

      Now don’t get us wrong – not all of these answers raise this excellent question. Some are just hilarious fails. Take a look at our compilation of funny kid test answers below!

      When literally tens of millions of calls being placed to fire departments across the country every year, being a firefighter is far and away one of the most stressful jobs a person can have. Day in and day out, you’re putting your life on the line to save and protect others from one of the most dangerous forces in the world.

      Even as technology advances to make things easier and more convenient, fire is as wild and unpredictable as ever. Controlling it and understanding it takes time, effort and skill . the kind of skill a firefighter must develop through rigorous training an practice.

      Firefighters have to understand so many things to do their jobs properly. They have to be aware of how materials respond to fire, how to best control them, when to fall back and when to rush in. They need basic skills like math and communications, they need training on an endless supply of equipment, and they should know some of the history of where they came from and why they do what they do. It’s a lot to take in. If you think you have what it takes to go toe-to-toe with a firefighter, at least in terms of knowledge, then get your gear on and take our quiz!

      A hose needs to be pressurized before it can be used. Once the line is attached to the pump at the engine, it will be pressurized and the line will visibly expand as it fills with water. Once charged, a line is very hard to manage as the pressure can be quite high.

      Two-in two-out is essentially just a buddy system that firefighters are required to adhere to. Two firefighters should enter a dangerous situation together so that no one is ever alone while two more stay out in case the first two need help.

      Pike poles have been in use for many years in firefighting. Essentially just a long pole with a spiked hook on the end, they were once useful for tearing walls down to prevent the spread of fire, and are still helpful in pulling items out from intense heat or ventilating an area.

      A fire chief or similar high-ranking officer will be wearing the white helmet at the scene of a fire while most firefighters will wear yellow or black helmets. The reason a high-ranking officer is in a different-colored helmet is to make them easier to spot in a crowd.

      Fire engines are sometimes called pumpers, and they are the trucks that will carry tools and hoses and specifically are there to pump water. Engines will have an on-board tank and also the ability to pump water from an outside source. they may have ladders, but they will be smaller.

      Because there are so many kinds of trucks, engines and other vehicles, firefighters will refer to them all collectively as apparatus so there’s no confusion. In layman’s terms, people will often call any vehicle a fire truck or a fire engine, but those terms are not interchangeable.