How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

Many students struggle to produce a sophisticated essay format under exam conditions. Instead of writing to their usual standard, they panic and just scribble down all the information they know on the subject. Sound like you?

You can earn a lot of extra marks in these exams, if you know how to answer the question specifically and producing a well-structured essay. So it’s Oxbridge Essays to the rescue, with a series of custom essay formats that you can use to answer any one of these common exam question types: ‘Compare and Contrast’, ‘To What Extent’, ‘How does the Writer’, ‘For and Against’ and ‘Close Reference’.

To What Extent?

Why are they so popular? Well, this type of question allows the student to show a variety of skills. Firstly, the depth of their knowledge on the given subject. Secondly, students can display independent judgement by analysing the importance of different pieces of information.

What your custom essay should include

The first is detailed source evidence and extra material, to support your argument. Let’s use an example essay question here to demonstrate. In a history exam, the essay might ask: “ To what extent was the character of Charles II responsible for his problems with parliament? “.

The student is being asked to do two things here: to show an in-depth knowledge of Charles II’s character, and to analyse which specific aspects of his character may have affected his political relationships.

Incorporating detailed evidence will always demonstrate how much you know of the subject matter, and will help to support the angle and strength of your argument.

The second element is linking to wider issues, topics or arguments that support your point of view. For example, in this particular history essay, a student could refer to other historical events that were responsible for problems between Charles II and parliament, but which were not related to his character.

Drawing on other factors in this way helps to increase the significance of your argument, and will round out your essay fully.

These two elements of analysis – including detailed evidence and linking to wider ideas – can be used to answer any ‘To what extent. ‘ question. In other words, when answering this type of essay question, keep the general structure the same and change the the appropriate information in the right places.

Remember also to analyse your evidence as you weave your argument. Do this by answering questions like, ‘how significant is your evidence in supporting your argument?’ and, ‘what are the potential weaknesses that this evidence carries?’.

How your custom essay should be structured


For example, going back to our history essay question above, the introduction would need to acknowledge that to some extent, the character of Charles II was responsible for his problems with parliament.

An introduction should then go on to highlight the importance of taking into account other aspects which also impact the topic of the essay.

Paragraph 1 and 2

Linking sentence

Paragraph 3 and 4

This can be achieved in two ways. Firstly, by showing flaws in its logic (in this case, by suggesting that there were actually some aspects of Charles’s character that in fact improved his political relationships). Secondly, by offering alternatives (in this case, other elements unconnected to his personality that may have soured the parliamentary relationship independently).


To do this, simply recap:

• The points that suggest the question’s claims are true
• The points against
• Then conclude whether you agree the statement is true ‘to a certain extent’, ‘to a great extent’ or ‘to a very small extent’. This must be backed up by a summary of the argument on both sides to prove why you feel it to be weighted one way or the other.

Once you have finished your essay, the little touches matter. You don’t want to risk being penalised for not sticking to the formatting guidelines set for your submission. Many students seek the assistance of a good proofreader to check for any errors or omissions in your work and will ensure that you have every opportunity to present your points in the best possible light, with the perfect structure, formatting and presentation to match. After your thorough research and work put into completing this best essay writing, you deserve the best possible grade.

Read other articles in the Custom Essay series

Some close reference questions are specifically focussed on the piece itself, whilst others use it as a springboard to discuss a wider issue with aspects of the text used to illustrate your argument. > read more

This is exactly the kind of essay that can cause students to panic under exam pressure, as a clear, structured essay format is required to tackle it correctly. > read more

This question offers an invitation for the student to showcase as much knowledge as possible about the craft and techniques of writing. Luckily for you, you’ll be going in armed with your own super writing technique. > read more

Somewhere, in every exam room, is one student who calmly looks at the question and confidently begins to write – as if they had a custom essay already prepared no matter what the requirements. That student knows the secret of custom essays… > read more

This is what it all comes down to. It’s gig time. You are sitting in the exam hall, waiting to get your hands on that anticipated piece of paper. You have jammed a tonne of information into your brain. Your fingernails are non-existent. It’s time to get down to business!

Yes the exam environment may be different across disciplines. Computing students will sit some tests in front of a computer with their fingers poised to code. A practical element will contribute to science-student’s final grade. It doesn’t matter if you’re studying English, Economics, Psychology or History, every exam can be approached in much the same way with these exam writing tips.

We’re here to give you some help answering and writing exam questions that will show your knowledge to the person who reads your paper.

How to Answer Exam Questions

How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

Pay attention! These quick tips should be common sense but many students who are under exam stress fail to see their mistakes. We’re going to help you avoid a major exam disaster by pointing you in the right direction.

Here’s our top exam writing tips to help you understand how to answer exam questions:

1. Practice Past Papers

There really is no better way to get exam ready than by attempting past papers. Most exam bodies should have past papers available online but your teacher will get you started on these in class.

This process isn’t just about preparing an answer for a specific question, it’s about understanding how you approach a question in an exam, how to structure your answer, the timings you should assign and what information will get marks.

If you want to create an easy way to test yourself with past papers, try the GoConqr online quiz maker:

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2. Read All Questions Carefully

The stress of the situation can cause you to misread a question, plan your answer out, start writing your response and then realise you made a mistake and wasted vital time. Even though you generally won’t be writing answers to every question on the paper, reading all questions thoroughly will ensure you make the right choices and can highlight how much you know about the topic.

Don’t forget to attempt all questions that you have selected. However, be careful of MCQ questions with negative marking. If you’re not sure of the answer you could cost yourself some valuable marks.

3. Manage Your Time

This is where you need to be strict on yourself. Once you have assigned a time limit for each question, you MUST move on once you hit it or you won’t be able to give the next question your full attention.

Remember to leave yourself some time at the end to go back over your answers and add in little notes or pieces of information about the topic. You never know, this could help bump you up a grade!

4. Structure Your Answer

How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

Don’t just jump into writing your answer. Take the first few minutes to plan the structure of your essay which will save you time when you are delving into meaty parts. Always stay on topic; if you’re discussing the role of women in society as portrayed by the author in Of Mice and Men, don’t digress and start outlining other themes in the book for example.

Most essays should have an introduction, three main points and a conclusion. A lot of students see a conclusion as a final sentence to finish the piece off. A strong conclusion give an A grade student the chance to shine by bringing everything together and fortifying their opinion.

5. Explore Both Sides of an Argument

Building your argument in the main body of your exam answer will give your overall opinion credibility. English language questions, for example, encourage you to explore both sides of an argument and then conclude with a critical analysis of your answer.

Many questions you approach will look as though they seek a straightforward answer but in reality they want you to fully outline a structured essay. Don’t fall into the trap of providing a one-sided view, get your hands dirty and open your mind to other possibilities.

6. Review Your Answers Thoroughly

Smart students can still make the mistake of handing their answer book in without checking through what they have written. Proofread your answers as much as you can to correct any spelling mistakes and add any extra comments you think are worth mentioning.

You will be surprised what you can spot in those last few minutes. This is your last chance to throw in that quotation, list other relevant points or even draw a quick diagram. Now is not the time to drop your game, show the examiner what you’re made of!

Remember, the exams are not designed to trick you. Don’t panic on the day of your exam or this brain freeze could mean that you get a lower grade that you truly deserve. Convince yourself that you know how to answer exam questions and your almost there.

Are there any exam tips that helped you? Leave a comment below!

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If you are asked to analyse an extract:

  • Read it through two or three times
  • On your second reading begin to underline key words and phrases
  • Make a plan of your answer, ensuring that you cover every point asked in the question
  • Concentrate on the passage and avoid irrelevant material.

Wake up the examiner!

Be willing to think

  • Do not adopt the first possible approach.
  • Try to range widely but keep to the terms of the question.
  • Be willing to dispute the terms of the question if you are given the opportunity (for example, in questions that ask ‘how far…’, ‘to what extent’ or ‘do you think’?).

Create a strong opening and closing

The examiner is going to be marking many similar essays. To send the examiner to sleep immediately:

  • Just repeat the words of the question ‘This essay asks about … and I am going to …’)
  • Give a hackneyed dictionary definition of one or more of the terms in the question.

Instead, try to wake the examiner up. Try starting with:

  • A short controversial statement
  • A relevant quotation
  • A striking piece of evidence.

The main thing is to demonstrate that you have thought about the question.

A strong ending is important in that it creates the final impression the examiner carries away from your answer:

  • Save a bold statement until the end
  • Or finish with a useful quotation.

Illustrate amply with relevant material

  • Do not try to get by on ignorance and waffle – the examiner will spot it!
  • Use a good number of brief but relevant quotations, derived from your thorough knowledge of the text.

Think about your style

Develop a fluent style

Give some thought, however brief, to each sentence before you write it:

  • Does it say what you mean?
  • Does it make the point?

Be accurate!

Anyone claiming to be a student of English is expected to have a good knowledge of the mechanics of the language:

  • If you have problems with spelling, grammar and punctuation, take action before the examination.
  • You will be penalized for errors.
  • Examiners award marks for ‘quality of language’.
  • Try to leave time to read through your paper before handing it in.

Be succinct!

  • Say what you mean in the clearest and shortest manner.
  • Leave yourself time to make new points.
  • Avoid repeating ideas: if you find yourself writing ‘as I said earlier’, be sure that it is really helpful to repeat the same point.

Use an appropriate tone and vocabulary

Most of the exams (and essays) that you will write require a formal register of language:

  • Contractions such as ‘don’t’ and ‘can’t’, used naturally in spoken language, are not appropriate in writing.
  • Also avoid slang or colloquial terms.
  • Make use of literary terminology – words like ‘form’, ‘structure’, ‘style’, ‘image’, ‘symbol’ – where appropriate.

Make good use of quotations

  • You need to know your text so well that all its ideas are in your head and relevant quotations come easily to mind.
  • When you use quotations, remember to try to blend them seamlessly into your own sentence structure.
  • When you use a quotation, make it work for you: a well-chosen quotation may, for example, enable you to comment on theme, style and character.
  • Do not use quotations simply because you have memorized them: make sure that they are relevant to your answer.

Organize your time

Divide your time appropriately

In an examination you will almost certainly have several essays to write or sections to complete:

  • Decide on the order in which you wish to answer them.
  • Make sure that you answer them all.
  • Jot down ideas about any of the questions you expect to answer: don’t hope to remember things – especially bearing in mind that you may be pressed for time towards the end.
  • Give each question the appropriate time and don’t exceed it: a brilliant but overlong answer is no guarantee of success.
  • If you are allowed your text in the examination, do not waste time in leafing through it in search of ideas: use it only for reference and checking quotations.

Plan your answers carefully

Have the confidence to take time to plan. You could usefully devote up to a quarter of the exam time to this process. It is worth it because:

But like any pressured situation, exams are a lot easier to handle when you’ve got the right tools for the job. Knowing how to tackle an exam paper is one of those tools.

More articles from this author:

Here are seven ways you can ease the pressure in an exam.

1) Find out what you have to do

One of the best ways to lose marks is to do something other than what you’ve been asked to do. How many questions do they want you to answer? How many boxes should you tick?

Every exam paper comes with instructions, so make sure you understand what the examiners are asking you to do before you get stuck in.

2) Read the questions thoroughly

Another great way to miss out on marks is to go full steam ahead without understanding the question first. What question, exactly, are you being asked to answer?

Modules are broad and varied. But exam questions are specific and narrow. Read the wording carefully so you can recall your knowledge of that exact part of the syllabus.

3) Decide on your timings

The only difference between coursework and exams is time. All the tricks that help you write a great assignment will help you in an exam too – you just have less time to perform them.

Before you start writing, make a schedule. Think about how long you have, how many marks are available for each answer, and how long you should spend on each one.

4) Plan your answer

As well as working out your timings, take some time to decide what your answer is. You wouldn’t start an essay until you knew what you wanted to say – exams are no different.

If you’re in an essay-based exam, plot your structure by outlining an introduction, points to argue, and a conclusion. When you do start writing, you’ll be more focused.

5) Make sure it’s relevant

A common consequence of not planning your answer is an essay full of interesting but irrelevant facts. When you write ‘on the fly’, it’s easy to brain-dump everything you know.

But that’s not what the examiners want. They want a response to the specific question that’s been asked. So think about what you know, and cherry-pick the bits that are relevant.

6) Mention your sources

More often than not, your response to an exam question should be an argument based on evidence. The examiners are just as interested in the evidence as they are in the argument.

Think back to your lectures and reading on this topic. Which authors were important? Use their ideas to support your answer, and make sure you name-check them.

7) Leave some space

Inspiration doesn’t always strike right away. Sometimes you need time to warm up. So if you hit a bit of a wall with one question, leave a big space and move on to the next one.

This means you’ll attempt each task, and that’s a better strategy than answering just one question really well. And when you find the right ideas for an earlier question, you’ll be able to go back and add them in.

Good luck

I hope the revision and the exams go well. If you need any tips on revising, productivity, eating right, or staying positive, head over to the exams section of the Common Room.

You may have really good grasp on the subject but what do you think is the medium through which you can tell this to the board examiner who is checking your answer sheet ? The best and the only medium is your writing skill. If you have one of the questions like how to write the perfect answer in board exams or how to write effective answers in board exams or instructions for writing CBSE or ICSE or ISC board exams then this is the article which can answer those questions.

In this article you will learn crucial tips on how to write the perfect answer in board exams nonetheless the overwhelming pressure which tends to or makes the student forget what they have learned. These tips will help you organize your time, enhance your writing capability and will make you able to write the answers in a way to score your best marks.

Download CBSE Topper’s Answer Sheet

Subject Class 10th Class 12th
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5 Tips On How To Write The Perfect Answer In Board Exams

First, you must be half an hour early in the examination centre and make sure you have all your necessary belonging with you like blue and black pens, pencils for diagrams, eraser, sharpener, ruler, etc. Keep your mind calm and focused, which will help you in remembering things you had learned and will help you fetch information quickly without wasting precious writing time.

1. Prioritize Questions

The extra reading time of 15 minutes in the beginning plays an important role in attempting the whole question paper as in this time you can mark or pin out questions which you know perfectly so that you can attempt them first. Never make a single mind set that you have to attempt the questions in the same given order as you can chose any order which suits you best.

You can set priority in 3 levels by giving 3 star to high priority questions, 2 star to medium priority questions and 1 star to low priority questions. Questions with high priority are those which you can do quickly and will not take your unnecessary time to think then write medium priority questions and in the last attempt the questions with the lowest priority.

Prioritizing questions can be advantageous in many ways one of them is confidence, If you know any question perfectly then doing it in the beginning of exam can boost your confidence and consequently you may end up attempting even those questions, if any, you have not prepared for.

2. Precise Answer

Due to the nervousness of board exams students try to fill their answer sheet in a false idea that examiner will only give marks when your answers are lengthy but the reality is slightly different. Your answer should be precise, relevant and up to the question and without any unnecessary stuffed words because no teacher is expecting any long story in your answer sheet. Following 6 rules of writing will tell you how to write answers in board exams.

How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

I. Do not just write to fill the answer sheet with whatever come to your mind related to the topic as it will just increase the quantity of words in your answer, therefore, it is advisable to frame your answer strategically and choose your words meticulously

II. Use high frequency words more than low frequency, use tough or not very regular words only when necessary otherwise use common words to explain your answer completely.

III. Do not use contractions or short form of words as this is the part of spoken english. For example, use ‘can not’ instead of ‘can’t’, use ‘would have’ instead of ‘would’ve’, etc.

IV. Try to use concise words which will help in increasing the quality of your answer. For example, instead of ‘very rich’ use ‘wealthy‘, ‘awful‘ instead of ‘very bad’, ‘perplexed‘ instead of ‘very confused’, etc.

V. Clear and spaced words, there is no time and need to make your writing beautiful, even though this can be beneficial, but you must write in a manner that it is understandable, easily readable and without cutting and overwriting of words.

VI. Words and diagrams should be according to the marks allocated to that particular question. A 5-marks question must contain a well drawn and neatly labeled diagram to score the maximum marks.

Marks Lines
1 2-3 lines
2 4-5 lines
3 6-7 lines
5 12-15 lines

3. Do Not Turn Answer Sheet Into Drawing Book

Some students misinterpret the idea of well explained answer and try to fill every color in the answer sheet to make it beautiful instead your sheet should be neat and clean and well explained. If you write a quality answer then there is no need to use different colors and since decorating the answer like underlining, etc will take away your precious time of writing.

4. Must Attempt All The Questions

Sometimes the question paper puzzles us with unexpected and unseen questions but it does not mean that you will leave that question. You should attempt every question in the paper because sometimes examiner gives us marks for attempting, you never know, if he/she also knows that the questions was really tricky and still the student attempted. Remaining calm and focused will also help you in attempting all the question as you would feel confident which can help in remembering.

5. Revision Of Answer Sheet

Once you are done with all the questions then you must revise your answer sheet. You must re-check that whether you have attempted all the questions or there are anyone left, check for the silly mistakes like spelling, title of diagram, etc.

It is necessary to write good answer when you have worked hard because all the efforts would go in vain if you leave writing to chance that is why follow these steps to write perfect answers in your board exams.

Essay tests are useful for teachers when they want students to select, organize, analyze, synthesize, and/or evaluate information. In other words, they rely on the upper levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy. There are two types of essay questions: restricted and extended response.

  • Restricted Response – These essay questions limit what the student will discuss in the essay based on the wording of the question. For example, “State the main differences between John Adams’ and Thomas Jefferson’s beliefs about federalism,” is a restricted response. What the student is to write about has been expressed to them within the question.
  • Extended Response – These allow students to select what they wish to include in order to answer the question. For example, “In Of Mice and Men, was George’s killing of Lennie justified? Explain your answer.” The student is given the overall topic, but they are free to use their own judgment and integrate outside information to help support their opinion.

Student Skills Required for Essay Tests

Before expecting students to perform well on either type of essay question, we must make sure that they have the required skills to excel. Following are four skills that students should have learned and practiced before taking essay exams:

  1. The ability to select appropriate material from the information learned in order to best answer the question.
  2. The ability to organize that material in an effective manner.
  3. The ability to show how ideas relate and interact in a specific context.
  4. The ability to write effectively in both sentences and paragraphs.

Constructing an Effective Essay Question

Following are a few tips to help in the construction of effective essay questions:

  • Begin with the lesson objectives in mind. Make sure to know what you wish the student to show by answering the essay question.
  • Decide if your goal requires a restricted or extended response. In general, if you wish to see if the student can synthesize and organize the information that they learned, then restricted response is the way to go. However, if you wish them to judge or evaluate something using the information taught during class, then you will want to use the extended response.
  • If you are including more than one essay, be cognizant of time constraints. You do not want to punish students because they ran out of time on the test.
  • Write the question in a novel or interesting manner to help motivate the student.
  • State the number of points that the essay is worth. You can also provide them with a time guideline to help them as they work through the exam.
  • If your essay item is part of a larger objective test, make sure that it is the last item on the exam.

Scoring the Essay Item

One of the downfalls of essay tests is that they lack in reliability. Even when teachers grade essays with a well-constructed rubric, subjective decisions are made. Therefore, it is important to try and be as reliable as possible when scoring your essay items. Here are a few tips to help improve reliability in grading:

Students are often asked to write exams where they have to compare and contrast time frames, writing styles, technological advancements and myriad other things. This article is designed to help write the best answer possible.

Decide whether you are being asked to compare, to contrast, or both. If you are comparing, cite similarities. If you are contrasting, cite differences.

Get organized. Make a chart or construct a Venn diagram.

Give concrete examples from the items you are comparing or contrasting. Don’t just offer a summary.

Use either a whole to whole approach or a point to point approach. Depending on what you are comparing or contrasting, after you’ve made your chart or Venn diagram decide which approach will fully answer the question.

Make sure to use terminology that clearly states the similarity or exactness when comparing. As an undergraduate student, I once stated that Greek Mythology was “like” a religion to the Greek people of the time. The instructor took off points because she said Greek Mythology “was” their religion. Be careful of your wording.

Show the differences when you need to contrast. Indicate exactly how the items are unalike or in opposition to each other. Do not get these mixed up with your comparisons.


  • Be sure to be specific in your answers. Watch out for words added to the instructions of compare and contrast. Some exam have additional phrases such as "and give the significance of" in the test instructions. That can change the entire answer. If you have to compare and give the significance of literary terms, time periods, social problems or any other comparative terms be sure to answer both parts of the question.
  • Know basic definitions. Use the terms being explained in your answer but be sure to be exact in your response.

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This article was written by a professional writer, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more, see our about us page: link below.

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How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

This book contains 9000+ MCQs from Anglo-Saxon to Modern English literature and so on. This book also covered major writers and their literary works of all ages. Engish literature MCQ Book also content MCQ on Non-British literature (American, African, Scottish, Canadian, Indian, French, etc). English Literature MCQ Book PDF

English literature has been an integral part of any examination all over the world. As we know English is a global language. It is one prime language to interact with somebody. There are about 52 countries in the world where English is spoken widely.

English literature has been a tremendous subject to study. Most of the countries in the world have this subject in their universities and colleges.

You need to have a good English literature book for the entrance test as well as other examinations. Most of the Asian countries have English literature subject in their undergraduate or postgraduate level. Other countries like England, Australia, America introduced English literature at 6 grades.

  • English Literature MCQ Book PDF- Free Download
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English Literature MCQs with answers PDF

  1. Old English Literature (450-1066)
  2. Middle English Literature (1066-1500)
  3. Age of Chaucer (1300-1400)
  4. Age of Revival (1400-1500)
  5. Elizabethan Age (1558-1603)
  6. Jacobean Period (1603-1625)
  7. Caroline Age (1625-1649)
  8. Restoration Age (1649-1959)
  9. August Literature (1700-1750)
  10. Age of Sensibility (1750-1798)
  11. Romanticism (1798-1837)
  12. Victorian Age (1837-1901)
  13. Modern Age (1901-1922)
  14. Modernism (1923-1939)
  15. Post-Modernism (1940-2000)

English Literature Questions and Answers PDF

1- The First Folio edition of Shakespeare’s play was printed in?

A- 1623 B-1660 C-1616 D-None

2- Who is the movement poet?

A- Philip Karkin B-Ted Hughes C-T .S Eliot D- W. H Auden

3-Look Back in Anger was performed in the year

A-1956 B-1957 C- 1955 D-1958

4- Who was the first recipient of the Sahitya Akademi award for English

A- R.K Narayan B-Raja Rao C-Bhabani Bhattacharya D- Mulk Raj Anand

5-Who wrote Absalom Absalom?

A- William Faulkner B-Dr. Johnson C-Dryden D-Fitzgerald

6- The novel No Name (1862) was written by

A- Wilkie Collins B-Charles Kingsley C-Anthony Trollope D-None

7- Who is the heroine in Shakespeare ‘Temple ‘?

A- Miranda B-Portia C-Viola D-Beatrice

8- Who is everyman?

A- A Morality Play B-Essay by Camb C- A Comedy D-Essay by Bacon

9- ‘Light Breaks where no sun shines’ is written by

A- Dylan Thomas B-W.B Yeats C- T.S Eliot D- D.H Lawrence

10- Who wrote ‘Daffodils’

A-Wordsworth B-Byron C-Shelley D-Keats

English Literature MCQ for UGC NET

This MCQ is applicable for any PSC (Public Service Examination) such as UPSC, BCS, KPPSC, PPSC, etc. English literature is an integral part of any competitive examination. We have seen English literature questions from various PCS examinations like UPSC, BCS, etc.

English Literature MCQ for BCS

Here are some of the important English literature MCQ for BCS ( Bangladesh Civil Service).

1-When was Johnson’s Dictionary’ Published?

A- 1955

2- Who among the following introduced sonnets?

A- Thomas Wyatt

B- Philip Sidney

3- The term ‘Negative Capability is to associate with

A- John Keats

4- The character, maggie figures in

A- The Mill on the Floss

5- The Heroic Couplet as first use by

A- Chaucer

6- Who said ‘Geography is about Maps, but biography is about chaps’?

A-E.C Bentley

D- Hilaire Belloc

7-” They also serve who stand and wait” are opening lines by

A- Milton

8- What was the Nationality of Famous English author Oscar Wilde?

A- Irish

9- ”Frailty, thy name is women” are from which famous Shakespeare play?

A- Hamlet

C-As you like it

10- Who wrote Agnes Grey?

A- Anne Bronte

C- Charlotte Bronte

English Literature MCQ For UGC NET

English literature is one of the integral parts of UGC NET. The candidates must practice English literature previous year questions paper. You must practice English literature MCQ for better understanding. Here are some of the important English literature multiple choice questions for you.

1- The Origin of Species was written in

A- 1859

2-Arnold mourns the untimely death of —– in ‘Thyrsis’ an elegy.

A- Arthur Hugh Clough

B- Arthur Hallan

3- Arnold wrote, ”With him is born our real poetry” who does ‘him’ refer to?

A- Chaucer

4- Which version of the Bible did Wycliff make use of for the translation?

A- Latin

5- The Authorised Bible was dedicated to

A- James 1

6- The Beggar’s Opera was written by

A- Matthew Prior

B- Samuel Butler

7- When as the Reform Bill passed?

A- 1832

8- When did W.B Yeats receive the Nobel prize for literature?


9- What is Milton’s ‘Areopagitica’

A- A Play for the freedom of the press

10- Who wrote Sohrab and Rustom?

A- Keats

English Literature MCQ for Competitive Examination

As I said earlier that English literature is an integral part of any competitive examination. Most of the competitive examination deals with reasoning, math, science, English but now most of the testing agencies and board started asking questions on English literature.

Here are some of the important English literature MCQ for competitive examination.

How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

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How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

Advanced Essay Questions

    Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

It has been said, "Not everything that is learned is contained in books." Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?

"When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success." Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

What are some important qualities of a good manager? Use specific details and examples to explain why these qualities are important.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Learning about the past has no value for those of us living in the present. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

What is a very important skill a person should learn in order to be successful in the world today? Choose one skill and use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

What are the important qualities of a good son or daughter? Have these qualities changed or remained the same over time in your culture? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Businesses should do anything they can to make a profit. Use specific reasons and examples to support your position.

Some people prefer to work for themselves or own a business. Others prefer to work for an employer. Would you rather be self-employed, work for someone else, or own a business? Use specific reasons to explain your choice.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Modern technology is creating a single world culture. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

Some people say that the Internet provides people with a lot of valuable information. Others think access to so much information creates problems. Which view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

If you could go back to some time and place in the past, when and where would you go? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.

What discovery in the last 100 years has been most beneficial for people in your country? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.

Compare the contributions of artists to society with the contributions of scientists to society. Which type of contribution do you think is valued more by your society? Give specific reasons to support your answer.

When people move to another country, some of them decide to follow the customs of the new country. Others prefer to keep their own customs. Compare these two choices. Which one do you prefer? Support your answer with specific details.

Some people say that advertising encourages us to buy things we really do not need. Others say that advertisements tell us about new products that may improve our lives. Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such as forests, animals, or clean water. Choose one resource that is disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

Plants can provide food, shelter, clothing, or medicine. What is one kind of plant that is important to you or the people in your country? Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A zoo has no useful purpose. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.



Example 1 — A long question with a short answer

Example 2 — When highlighting does not work. A short question with a long answer.

    Read the question carefully. Be sure to distinguish between the relevant information and the extraneous information.

Example 1 — A long question with a short answer.

Example 2 — A short question with a long answer.

    This may seem like a waste of your time. However, it is a greater waste of time to write unnecessary information or to erase and re-write.

Example 1 — A long question with a short answer.

Example 2 — A short question with a long answer.

    The key points to your answer should be clearly stated and be the focus of your answer.

    Correctly use the relevant biology and science terms that you learn from your courses.

  • Do not expect the instructor to make these connections for you.
  • However, your written answer must explain what is in the drawing.

    A hallmark of a good scientist is that they support statements with evidence.


    Do not try to write everything that you have ever heard related to the question.

  • In other words, make sure that you answer the question that is asked and not something else on the related topic.
  • Do not just make a drawing and expect the instructor to figure out what you were thinking from this. (Unless the question only asks you to make a drawing.)


    The question will always involve two or more related items.

  • These words alert you that the instructor wants a fair amount of explanation.
  • Do not simply list terms or concepts. Write out sentences and complete thoughts.
  • Provide a definition similar to that you would find in the glossary to your textbook. A thorough explanation is usually not required.
  • Here, a simple list of concepts or terms should be sufficient. Anything more and you might be treading in the too much information category.
  • Put the data or figure into words.
  • In other words, write an explanation of the meaning of the data or figure.
  • Make a drawing. Keep it simple.
  • Labels should be used whenever possible.


Write logically organized paragraphs.

    Because you will probably be given more time for these types of questions, your instructor will probably expect higher quality in your writing.

Use complete sentences with a subject and verb.


Organize your ideas in a logical manner, but do not worry so much about proper sentence and paragraph construction.

  • You will have less time and space for this type of answer. The most important thing is to convey the answer clearly. Sometimes logically organized lists of sentence fragments can achieve this goal as well as well-constructed paragraphs.

How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

Tips and Tricks to score high in English Paper in CBSE Class 10th and Class 12 Board exams

The video given below discusses important and useful Tips to solve the English paper in Board examination of Class 10 and 12. It provides guidance with respect to the sequence in which the different sections should be attempted. Tips are provided to attempt each section in the best possible way so that the student can achieve the desired marks. There are other useful tips also which will help the student attempt the English subject paper well and achieve 95% marks in it.

You need to Practice the following Tips and Tricks

How To Score 95 % marks in English Board Exam. Practice the following Tips and Tricks

Attempt the sections of English paper in the following sequence-

1. Section A: Reading section should be attempted first as it is very time consuming

2. Section B: Next you should attempt the writing section as it requires more lot of thought process.

3. Section C: In the end attempt the literature section as you are most familiar with this section

A: Reading Section of English paper

TIP 1 Read questions before reading the passage, this will save you lot of time.

TIP 2 Practice one or two reading comprehension everyday 10 days prior to exam.

Tip 3 (class 12th) Practice previous Year’s questions on Note making and Summary writing.

Class 12 English Important Links

B: Writing and Grammar Section in English paper

TIP 1 Revise formats at least thrice before appearing for exam.

TIP 2 Remember beginnings and endings.

TIP 3 Keep in mind the word limit.

Tip 4 (class 12th) Divide and Conquer in essay writing, articles, debate and speech . It means divide the topic into small five paragraphs.

C: Literature Section

TIP 1 Read all chapters at least once. (Do not leave any chapter)

TIP2 Attempt long answers first.

TIP 3 For novel, focus more on plot, theme and character sketch.

Time management –

Devote 50 minutes to each section

Keep 15 minutes for revision


TIP 1 .Use black pen to write key words.
TIP 2. Maintain proper spacing.
TIP 3. Underline important points.
Tip4. Write headings with black pen and underline subheadings.

Follow the above tips for sure shot success in English paper exam

For lessons on Topics of Section A, visit the following links

Class 12 Important Videos Links

For lessons on Topics of Section B, visit the following links –

Short answer questions (or SAQs) can be used in examinations or as part of assessment tasks.

They are generally questions that require students to construct a response. Short answer questions require a concise and focused response that may be factual, interpretive or a combination of the two.

SAQs can also be used in a non-examination situation. A series of SAQs can comprise a larger assessment task that is completed over time.

Advantages and limitations

  • Advantages
  • Limitations
  • Questions can reveal a student’s ability to describe, explain, reason, create, analyse, synthesise, and evaluate.
  • Gives opportunities for students to show higher level skills and knowledge.
  • Allows students to elaborate on responses in a limited way.
  • Provides an opportunity to assess a student’s writing ability.
  • Can be less time consuming to prepare than other item types.
  • Structured in a variety of ways that elicit a range of responses, from a few words to a paragraph.
  • Can limit the range of content that can be assessed.
  • Favours students who have good writing skills.
  • Can potentially be difficult to moderate.
  • Can be time consuming to assess.
  • Need to be well written for the standard of answers to be able to be differentiated in terms of assessment.

Guidelines for constructing short answer questions

  • Effective short answer questions should provide students with a focus (types of thinking and content) to use in their response.
  • Avoid indeterminate, vague questions that are open to numerous and/or subjective interpretations.
  • Select verbs that match the intended learning outcome and direct students in their thinking.
  • If you use ‘discuss’ or ‘explain’, give specific instructions as to what points should be discussed/explained.
  • Delimit the scope of the task to avoid students going off on an unrelated tangent.
  • Know what a good response would look like and what it might include reference to.
  • Practice writing a good response yourself so you have an exemplar and so you are aware of how long it may take to answer.
  • Provide students with practice questions so they are familiar with question types and understand time limitations.
  • Distribute marks based on the time required to answer.
  • Review the question using the following questions:
    • Does the question align with the learning outcome/s?
    • Is the focus of the question clear?
    • Is the scope specific and clear enough for students to be able to answer in the time allocated?
    • Is there enough direction to guide the student to the expected response?

    Examples of short answer questions

    Your questions can access a range of cognitive skills/action verbs.


    This SAQ requires students to simply identify or list. The question may indicate the scope of requirements. e.g. List three, List the most important.

    • “List the typical and atypical neuroleptics (anti-psychotics) used to treat schizophrenia.”


    This question asks student to define a term or idea.

    • “What is the capital gains tax?”
    • “Define soundness as an element of reasoning”.


    This is a question where students are asked to provide an explanation. The explanation may address what, how or why.

    • “Why does the demand for luxury goods increase as the price increases?”
    • “What are the important elements of a well-presented communication strategy?”
    • “Why does an autoantibody binding to a post-synaptic receptor stop neuron communication?
    • “Explain the purpose of scaffolding as a teaching strategy”.


    A question that includes a requirement to justify or support can ask students to provide an example of one or several specific occurrences of an idea or concept.

    • “Use 2 examples to show how scaffolding can be used to improve the efficacy of teaching and learning”.


    For this kind of question, asks students to discuss how two or more concepts or objects are related. Is one different from the other? If so, how? Are they perfectly alike? Does one represent the other in some way?

    • “Why would a rise in the price of sugar lead to an increase in the sales of honey?”


    Types of questions can be combined.

    • “List the three subphyla of the Phylum Chordata. What features permit us to place them all within the same phylum? “
    • “What benefits does territorial behaviour provide? Why do many animals display territorial behaviour?”
    • “Will you include short answer questions on your next exam? Justify your decision with two to three sentences explaining the factors that have influenced your decision.”

    Additional resources

    • Division of Learning and Teaching expand_more

    ‘Yindyamarra Winhanganha’ – The wisdom of respectfully knowing how to live well in a world worth living in

    We pay our respect to all First Nations elders both past and present from the lands where Charles Sturt University students reside. In particular, we acknowledge the Wiradjuri, Ngunawal, Gundungarra and Birpai peoples of Australia, who are the traditional custodians of the land where Charles Sturt University campuses are located.

    When you get an essay question, how do you make sure you are answering it how your tutor wants? There is a hidden code in most questions that gives you a clue about the approach you should be taking.

    Decoding the question

    Here is a typical essay question:

    Analyse the impact of the employability agenda on the undergraduate student experience.

    Understanding the instruction words

    Did you know that analyse means something different to discuss or evaluate? In academic writing these have very specific and unique meanings – which you need to make sure you are aware of before you start your essay planning. For example:


    Examine critically so as to bring out the essential elements; describe in detail; describe the various parts of something and explain how they work together, or whether they work together.

    It is almost impossible to remember the different meanings, so download our Glossary of Instruction Words for Essay Questions to keep your own reminder of the most common ones.

    Redundant phrases

    Don't get thrown by other regularly used phrases such as "with reference to relevant literature" or "critically evaluate" and "critically analyse" (rather than simply "evaluate" or "analyse"). All your writing should refer to relevant literature and all writing should have an element of criticality at university level. These are just redundant phrases/words and only there as a gentle reminder.

    Recognise the subject of the question

    Many students think this is the easy bit – but you can easily mistake the focus for the subject and vice versa. The subject is the general topic of the essay and the instruction word is usually referring to something you must do to that topic.

    How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

    Usually, the subject is something you have had a lecture about or there are chapters about in your key texts.

    There will be many aspects of the subject/topic that you will not need to include in your essay, which is why it is important to recognise and stick to the focus as shown in the next box.

    Identify the focus/constraint

    Every essay has and needs a focus. If you were to write everything about a topic, even about a particular aspect of a topic, you could write a book and not an essay! The focus gives you direction about the scope of the essay. It usually does one of two things:

    How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

    1. Sets constraints (focus on one thing, not everything else about the topic)
    2. Gives context (focus on the topic within a particular situation, time frame etc).

    This could be something there were a few slides about in your lecture or a subheading in your key text.

    I don't have an essay question – what do I do?

    I have to make up my own title

    If you have been asked to come up with your own title, write one like the ones described here. Include at least an instruction, a subject and a focus and it will make planning and writing the essay so much easier. The main difference would be that you write it as a description rather than a question i.e.:

    An analysis of the impact of the employability agenda on the undergraduate student experience.

    I have only been given assignment criteria

    If you have been given assignment criteria, the question often still contains the information you need to break it down into the components on this page. For example, look at the criteria below. There are still instruction words, subjects and focus/constraints.

    Aims of the assignment (3000 words):

    An understanding of learning theories is important to being an effective teacher. In this assignment you will select two learning theories and explain why they would help you in your own teaching context. You will then reflect on an experience from your teaching practice when this was, or could have been, put into practice.

    Assignment criteria

    Select two learning theories , referring to published literature, explain why they are relevant to your own teaching context.

    Reflect on an experience from your teaching practice .

    Explain why a knowledge of a learning theory was or would have been useful in the circumstances .

    When professors and teachers give out short answer tests, their intention is to measure the student’s ability to remember key concepts and terms in the course material and present them in a clear, concise manner. The downside is that, unlike multiple-choice tests, the answer is not in front of you. You also cannot rely on rote memorization since you will often be asked to apply the concepts in a concrete way. On the other hand, such tests allow for partial or even full credit if you have a decent understanding of the material. For students who do not know how to answer short answer questions, we would like to offer some proven, easy-to-follow advice that helps students get top scores. It requires some discipline and will power, if you really want it, nothing is beyond your reach.

    Naturally, to succeed at passing a short answer test (or any exam for that matter), it all starts with pre-test prep. This process should not start the night before the test, it should take place throughout the semester, even on the first day! Most students do not think to look over the course syllabus when preparing for the test, but you might be surprised to discover some hints about what the test might cover. This is because the description of each individual lecture tends to include a core concept that could definitely appear on the test.

    Attend all of your lectures and take thorough notes, review the materials, and by all means visit your professor or instructor to go over concepts and ideas that require clarification. Ideas introduced at the beginning of the course often return later on, so take note of this.

    Go above and beyond the average student. Doing so will make knowing how to answer short answer questions a breeze! This means outlining and summarizing each chapter in a notebook or in a Word document, taking the initiative to form study groups with classmates, explaining course-related ideas to friends and family, and even putting down information into tables. If you are seeking short answer examples, find out of your professor offers tests from previous semesters, or track down students who have taken that course to get a better idea about what to expect for the test.

    Using flashcards is a highly effective way to remember important dates, definitions, and to be able to match up important actors to events in which they played a major role. Also, while it is important to memorize key terms, take the next step and apply them to situations. This will help you gain the most thorough understanding of the ideas as possible. This can be achieved by writing your own test questions as a way to practice. Do some brainstorming and generate your own short answer examples.

    A few weeks have passed and examine time has arrived. Let us tackle those short-answer questions. First, read the questions carefully so that the expectations are clear. Underline words like “evaluate,” “compare/contrast,” “summarize,” etc. This is your first big clue regarding how to formulate your short answer response. After all, if you are being asked to critically analyze something but proceed to merely describe it; your grade will suffer from not following the directions.

    Do not just read the first question, answer, and move on. Instead, read all of the short-answer questions even before you begin writing and pick the one you can answer the best. After all, time is of the essence and you do not want to struggle on the harder questions when you could be answering the easier ones first. Once you finish the questions you have a better grasp on, you might be able to apply them to the more challenging questions in some manner. Along the same lines, count the number of questions once you see the test and try to estimate how much time you will need to complete it. The last thing you would want to do is finish half the test only to realize there is only 5 minutes left to complete the other half. Some of the questions might be worth more points than others, so you should also take that into consideration as you are planning your strategy.

    Never leave a question blank no matter how challenging it might be. Just take an educated guess if need be. You might still be wrong, but at least you’ve increased the chances above the 0% that an unanswered question is guaranteed to receive. Even earning a single point is better than laying a goose egg. You also would not want to write absolutely everything that you know about a topic nor should you include things that are related. Students who know how to answer questions will say that staying on-point and never straying is what earns them the top grades. It also would not hurt to use keywords from the question in your short answer response. This will allow you to remain focused on the question.

    Once you finish answering a question, read it again and confirm that you have answered it thoroughly. For instance, you might be asked to compare and contrast certain author’s opinions about a topic and also make a list of these differences. In other words, you are being asked to answer a question in two different ways. Overlooking this detail could result in only receiving a partial score.

    Keep in mind that you will not be penalized for expressing an opinion. The professor will be more concerned with your ability to back it up with strong evidence. You should also not confuse “short” with “vague.” Your professor wants to see that you can express a main idea in a concise, elegant way. It can be thorough and brief at the same time.

    In the UK, Open Book Exams are usually taken in January and April. For some degree programmes you might not be required to sit formal exams in both or either of these exam periods – instead you might be asked to complete coursework during this period. If you are required to sit exams, you should be aware that the exam weeks usually come at the end of holiday breaks, which gives you ample time to prepare.

    Types of Exams

    • Essay exams: The most common type of examination in UK undergraduate degrees is the essay exam. Exams of this nature typically require students to complete 3-4 short essays on topics that test a student’s knowledge of the course material. Students are given 2-3 hours to complete these exams. Essay answers should contain as much relevant detail from your module as possible, to demonstrate the level of your understanding.
    • Multiple choice exams: These exams are comprised of a number of questions with a range of answers, or ‘choices’ provided. Students must select the answer that best fits the question. Many students consider these exams easier because they only need to identify the correct answer among a group of 3-5 possibilities. However, most lecturers will include possible answers that seem correct, as a way of testing the accuracy of students’ knowledge.
    • Oral exams: Oral exams are most common to language programmes, but can also be found in many Humanities and even some Social Science subjects. Students are expected to answer questions posed to them by the examiner. This type of exam tests a student’s ability to apply the skills and knowledge from modules in an immediate, unplanned fashion. In addition, oral exams form a part of postgraduate assessments when students are asked to defend their dissertation through a presentation and question-and-answer session.
    • Case Study Exams: These are different from most traditional types of the exam; They present students with a practical problem that must be solved by applying knowledge from the course material.

    Open Book Exams

    We will now look at one type of exam in more detail: the Open Book exam. These exams are different from most traditional types of exams because they allow students to bring a coursebook and/or their course notes with them to the exam.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Open Book Exams

    At first glance, Open Book Exams may seem like an easier type of examination for students. This is because they are designed to carefully test a student’s ability to apply their knowledge in a practical way. This is advantageous for most students because it takes away the worry about memorisation and instead allows them to demonstrate their engagement with the course. However, much of a student’s success can depend on the accuracy of their module notes, or their ability to read the course text quickly, which can be a disadvantage for some.

    When are Open Book Exams Used?

    In the past, Open Book Exams in the UK were used mostly in practical subjects like science, technology, and medicine. However, universities are now keen to test their students’ ability to apply their academic knowledge in a practical fashion, and for this reason, Open Book Exams are becoming more common. By allowing students to bring their notes and course texts with them to an exam, the faculty tests student understanding more than an ability to memorise information.

    How Can Students Prepare for Open Book Exams?

    Just because students can bring course materials to Open Book Exams doesn’t mean they should neglect to study beforehand! In some ways, it is even more important to study the course material to prepare because you will be asked to apply your knowledge in a more critical and discerning fashion than in most traditional exam types. You can prepare by re-reading your lecture materials, course notes and textbooks and by practising mock questions. These will often be provided by your course lecturers.

    What to Bring to an Open Book Exam

    Open Book Exams will vary regarding what is allowed to be brought to the exam room. Pay careful attention to the module handbooks and exam handouts to ensure that you bring the appropriate materials. If you are allowed to bring course notes, be sure these are well organised.

    Preparing Your Notes

    When students take notes in class the result is often a jumbled page of scribbles that can be difficult to make sense of after the fact! It is very little use to bring unedited notes to the exam room. Part of your revision process should include writing your exam preparation notes and organising them in a way that will allow you to find relevant information quickly. This may involve adding sticky notes to pages to identify their thematic content or creating your own ‘index’ list. Either way, you should ensure that your notes are written very clearly and concisely, but without leaving out key information.

    General Assessment Criteria

    The assessment criteria for Open Book exams will vary according to the exam subject. Check your module handbook for more details. In general, examiners will be looking for evidence of a clear understanding of the topic, so be sure to provide very detailed but concise answers. It is usually better to provide a shorter but dense answer than a long and vague one.

    Results and Grading

    Oral Exams are marked according to the standard UK grading scale, as follows:

    70 and above = First class (A)
    60-69 = Second class, first division (B)
    49-59 = Second class, second division (C)
    40-48 = Third class (D)
    39 or below = Fail

    In many degree programmes, students will be given a chance to re-sit exams if they fail or receive a very low mark. Check your programme handbooks for specific re-assessment criteria.

    Understanding the format of exams is essential in helping you prepare properly. Once you know what will be expected, you will be able to spend your time studying in an appropriate way. This, in turn, will help you feel confident and relaxed when walking into the exam room!

    How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

    In English, there are four types of questions: general or yes/no questions, special questions using wh-words, choice questions, and disjunctive or tag/tail questions. Each of these different types of questions is used commonly in English, and to give the correct answer to each you’ll need to be able to be prepared.

    Let’s take a look at how many types of questions are there in English.

    4 Types of Questions in English

    In this section, we’ll walk you through each question type and provide real-world examples.

    1. General or Yes/No Questions

    Common questions that can be answered with a simple “yes” or “no” are logically called yes/no questions .

    As a rule, this kind of question relates to the whole sentence, and not to a separate element of it.

    • Do you like this country?
    • Does Jane know about your new job?
    • Can I call my sister?
    • Is it cold outside?
    • Are they ready for the trip?
    • Are you hungry?

    To ask such general questions, the appropriate rising intonation should be used at the end of the sentence.

    The answer can be a brief “yes” or “no.” Or, a longer answer can be given: “Yes, I do.” “No, I don’t like this country.” The response to a question depends on the verb used.

    Try to remember this formula: answer the question the way it was asked.

    If the question begins with a form of the verb “to be” – am, is, are – then answer “Yes, I am/he is/they are,” or “No, I am not/he isn’t/they aren’t.”

    It is similar to auxiliary verbs (do/does, did, will, have/has) :

    • Did she clean the room? – Yes, she did/No, she didn’t.
    • Have you done your homework? – Yes, I have/ No, I haven’t.
    • Will you buy that dress? – Yes, I will/ No, I won’t.

    2. Special or Wh-Questions

    A special question, as you can guess, uses a certain word at the beginning of the sentence to ask a specific question. The questions words who , what , where , when , why , how , how many , etc., are used to begin the question:

    • Where is he from?
    • When did you come here?
    • How did you meet her?
    • How many eggs do we need for this cake?
    • Whose children are playing in the yard?

    Note that questions about a subject (who? what?) have their own special structure; they do not require an auxiliary verb, we replace the subject with the question word.

    • We go to the cinema. – Who goes to the cinema?
    • The glass is on the table. – What is on the table?
    • Most girls here wear skirts. – Who wears skirts here?

    You can see that after the question words who and what , the third-person singular form of the verb should be used.

    We use special questions to get specific information. This implies that the answer will be more detailed.

    You can find even more information on this topic in our article on basic small talk questions.

    How to answer essay type questions in literature examinations

    3. Choice Questions

    Choice questions are questions that offer a choice of several options as an answer (you might recognize them from your exams as multiple-choice questions). They are made up of two parts, which are connected by the conjunction or .

    Choice questions can be either general, open-ended questions or more specific ones. If the question does not center on the subject of the sentence, a complete answer is needed.

    • Does she like ice cream or sweets? – She likes ice cream.
    • Where would you go, to the cinema or the theatre? – I would go to the cinema.
    • Is he a teacher or a student? – He is a student.

    However, when the question concerns the subject, the auxiliary verb comes before the second option. The answer is short:

    • Does she make it or do you? – She does.
    • Did they buy that house or did she? – They did.

    4. Disjunctive or Tag Questions

    This type of question is also made up of two parts, where the first part is a positive statement, and the second part is negative, or vice-versa.

    The first part of the sentence defines the expected answer. If the statement is positive, a positive answer is expected; if the statement is negative, a negative answer is expected.

    • She sent him an invitation, didn’t she ? – Yes, she did.
    • You aren’t getting married, are you ? – No, I am not.
    • Jane isn’t in France, is she ? – No, she isn’t.
    • Our dad will come soon, won’t he ? – Yes, he will.

    There are also exceptions:

    I am going with you, aren’t I ? – Yes, you are.

    You can’t say, “I am a great person, am I not ?” That would be incorrect. Just remember that when the pronoun “I” is used, the tag is are/aren’t .

    Tag questions are only used in conversational speech to clarify information or to confirm or refute something if there are doubts.

    You can find more materials on this and other types of questions by reading our article on conversation questions to sharpen your skills and catch native speaker’s attention.

    Final thoughts

    So now you how to ask simple questions in English with confidence! If you learn English by yourself, make sure you practice some extra language activities to memorize the material you’ve just read.

    The quality of test construction depends largely on the part of the teacher. Every teacher is interested to know how far and wide he/she can facilitate, orient and guide his/her students with the knowledge, ideas, abilities, skills and attitudes that he/she wishes to build up in order to achieve his teaching objectives, and to make his/her students responsive to the changing needs of the society.

    Unfortunately, there are some teachers who don’t know how to make a good exam. Some teachers make an exam for the sake of compliance purposes.

    In this blog, allow me to share with you some of the advantages and disadvantages of essay test, as one of the types of traditional assessment, which I read from the book of Reganit et al entitled “Measurement amd Evaluation in Teaching and Learning.”

    Essay test is a type of test that usually allows greater freedom of response to questions and requires more writing.

    Advantages of Essay Tests

    1. The essay examintion allows students to express their ideas with relatively few restraints.
    2. It involves recall and there are no options to select from, therefore, guessing is eliminated. The student must suuply rather than select the good response.
    3. Essay items are good for testing small numbers of students. However, as the number of student increases, the advantage of essay test decreases.

    Disadvantages and Limitations of Essay Tests

    1. Essay questions are time consuming to teachers and students. Students often spend much time answering only one or two essay questions. Teachers, on the other hand, also devote much time reading lengthy responses.
    2. Essay responses are subject to bluffing. Essays eliminate guessing but not bluffing. Poorly prepared students desperately attempt to get a passing grade by answering something even if the responses are not related to the questions asked.
    3. In practice, very few essays require originaltiy and most emphasize the lengthy enumeration of memorized facts.

    Its up now to the teachers to carefully examine the advantages and disadvantages in giving essay questions during the exam. At the end of the day, what the teacher wanted during the assessment is to find out the students’ progress in the course. is a leading presentation/slideshow sharing website. Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, is a great resource. And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use.

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    Throughout the novel, Auggie constantly fights to be known for something other than the way he looks. His face may appear strange and frightening, but on the inside he is no different from any other kid. He is courageous, funny, helpful, and considerate — a great friend to anyone who gets to know him. Auggie’s classmates learn over the course of the novel that they cannot judge him based on the way he looks and eventually get to know the brilliant, kind kid that Auggie really is.

    How do Mr. Browne’s precepts figure in the book?

    Each month, Mr. Browne writes a new precept on the board, with the intention of guiding his students to make good decisions. All of the precepts center around some of this novel’s basic themes: kindness, the lasting nature of individual actions, friendship, and knowledge, to name a few. The students at Beecher Prep learn to embody these important messages as they go through the school year, particularly as they relate to Auggie, someone who looks very different from them. When, at the end of the novel, the children write their own precepts over the summer, they show at last that they have truly internalized Mr. Browne’s ideas and learned a lot from them.

    Why is this novel told from the points of view of multiple characters?

    Whenever multiple characters get chances to share their perspectives in a novel, the author clearly wants to emphasize that there are many sides to his or her story. Wonder revolves around Auggie, but there is much more to see even beyond Auggie’s own intriguing viewpoint. Via’s section gives readers a chance to see what it is like to be in Auggie’s family. Jack’s section lets us see that Jack is not a terrible person after all, despite what Auggie overheard. Every character brings something new to the novel, helping Palacio weave a complex account from multiple strands and stories.

    Why are the bonds that unify the Pullman family so important?

    Justin remarks at the end of his section that the universe has blessed Auggie with a loving family. The Pullmans constantly support, encourage, and love one another, even in the face of everything Auggie has to deal with. The members of Auggie’s family certainly make mistakes, and just like any close group of relatives they have fights. But at the end of the day, the Pullmans are always there for each other: it is this family dynamic that has nurtured Auggie into the brave, kind person he needs to be in order to face his daily challenges.

    How are masks important in Wonder?

    Throughout his childhood, Auggie has loved wearing a mask because a mask allows him to hide his deformity. He wore his astronaut helmet all day, every day when he was younger, and he loves Halloween because he gets to wear a mask and pretend that he is someone else. But as Auggie’s dad reminds him at the end of the novel, Auggie may not like his face, but it is who he is; several characters — particularly members of Auggie’s family — love every part of Auggie, including his face. Masks can hide who you really are, but sometimes it is better to be your true self.

    Julian is the only character who does not learn a lesson about kindness at the end of this book. Why did Palacio choose not to have him change?

    Julian embodies what Via said to Auggie early on in the book: some kids will always be mean. No matter how likable and friendly Auggie is, there will always be those kids who cannot see past his face. What Auggie learns, though, is that he does not have to keep those people in his life, and that things have a habit of working out for the best. It is important to move past unchangeable, negative opinions and not let them get to you.

    What is the difference between the way Auggie views himself and the way other people view him?

    Auggie’s ultimate wish is to be normal, and he envisions himself as an ordinary kid despite his medical condition. This outlook is different even from how his protective family views him; others think of Auggie as extraordinary, both for having surmounted all of the obstacles that he has faced and for being a kind, compassionate, courageous person despite his struggles. At the end of the book, Auggie accepts that in some ways he is a hero to some people; in his own mind, though, he is just an average kid.

    How does Jack change over the course of the novel?

    Jack initially spends time with Auggie only because Mr. Tushman asks him to. At the beginning, Jack is extremely conscious of his popularity and social standing at school, and says a lot of things he does not mean in order to be friends with Julian and his crowd. After he loses Auggie’s friendship, though, Jack realizes where his priorities should lie. The moment when he punches Julian is a turning point for Jack; he establishes his allegiance at last, and rises above the petty fighting that Julian tries to start. Instead, Jack wants to do the right thing and be kind.

    In what ways is the Beecher Prep middle school a microcosm of the outside world?

    Though they are only children, the students at Beecher Prep have to face many of the challenges that adults face, too. They have to adapt to a new situation — in this case, a new student who looks dramatically different — and must learn to show kindness and inclusion. At Beecher Prep, some of the rumors about who is dating whom and who is friends with whom get blown out of proportion, but in the end, the students learn some important, adult lessons during their time at school.

    Why is Justin an important character?

    Since Wonder is primarily about Auggie, it at first seems strange to include the perspective of Via’s boyfriend. But Justin serves two important purposes. First, he gives us an outside perspective on the Pullman family, remarking on their closeness the way only someone meeting them for the first time can. Second, he shifts some of the focus to Via and gives her plenty of attention, while Via herself sometimes feels neglected by her own family.

    1. What does the essay question really say? What kinds of issues is it asking me to address? What assumptions underlie the question itself?

    Professors ask essay questions for a reason. They use essays as a way of getting you to go beyond the material presented in class and in the required readings for the course. They intend for you to reflect critically on the information you have read, assess its validity, think about its implications, and use it creatively in order to answer the question that has been posed. So, when you encounter an essay question, spend a few minutes thinking about what the question really asks, and make sure that you have a clear idea of the kinds of issues and concepts that the question is trying to get you to address.

    2. What are the most useful sources of information on which I can draw in order to answer the question? What kinds of data will best support my argument?

    During any semester-long course, you will encounter a huge amount of information, both factual and conceptual. Many students treat essay questions as �dumping grounds� for the information that they acquired in the days and weeks preceding the exam. They pile on fact after fact, concept after concept, date after date, name after name, with little thought about whether all this information helps them answer the question. �If I throw in enough stuff,� a student may say, �at least the professor will know that I�ve been paying attention.�

    Wrong. The professor will know that you have managed to cram a great deal of irrelevant information into your short-term memory. But whether you have really thought about the issues at hand and used the knowledge you have gained in order to reflect critically on an important question will remain a mystery. So, after you feel that you understand the kind of response that the essay question is trying to elicit, ask yourself about which bits of information will be the most relevant to your response. Don�t try to throw everything into the pot. Be selective. Use those facts and ideas that are most helpful in supporting your overall argument. After doing the reading and attending the lectures, you do have enough information to answer the question effectively. What is crucial, though, is to organize the information and to present it in a way that buttresses the main theme of your essay.

    Organization Is Everything

    Once you are sure that you know what the question is asking and have spent a few minutes reflecting on the kinds of information that you want to use in attempting to answer it, spend a further few minutes sketching out the form that your answer will take. Here are a few ideas on how to begin:

    Make an Outline

    There is an additional advantage to writing an outline or essay plan: It may turn out that you simply budgeted your time poorly and did not have time to complete the entire essay as you had planned. But if the professor sees that you had a clear idea of what you wanted to argue, you are likely to receive at least some credit for what you have written. On the other hand, if you have managed to fill up a dozen pages without making a coherent argument, chances are that the professor will remain relatively unimpressed.

    Keep It Simple

    • Opening sentence and first paragraph: State clearly the main point that you wish to make in the essay. In other words, someone should be able to read the first sentence and know exactly how you plan to answer the question. Don�t try to be too cute, but a catchy opening sentence which states simply and clearly the line of argument you intend to take is always desirable. Other sentences in the first paragraph should then support the first sentence and sketch out the ways in which subsequent paragraphs will expand on the theme of the essay itself.
    • Body of the Essay: For normal essay questions on exams (say, those in which you have an hour to complete two essays), you should have no more than three or four paragraphs in the body of the essay. Each paragraph should make a clear and discrete point, and that point should support your overall argument. If it doesn�t, don�t write it. Your thoughts in the body of the essay should follow on logically from the points you set out in the opening paragraph. And each paragraph should begin just like the opening paragraph, with a clear statement of the topic that the paragraph will address.
    • Concluding Paragraph: Sum up what you have said in the essay in a final paragraph. Remind the reader of your main point, but avoid repeating it in exactly the same words. End the essay with a sentence that wraps up your thoughts and leaves the reader with a sense of closure.

    Your Opinion Is More Than �Just Your Opinion�

    Again, essays are not simply receptacles for regurgitated factual information. Your knowledge of facts can be assessed using multiple-choice questions, true/false, identify, define, short-answer and a range of other examination formats, most of which you probably experienced in grade school. At the college level, however, you are expected to think. And thinking requires creatively using the knowledge you have acquired to take a clear position on a contentious issue.

    Test day is here. You’ve packed your brain full of definitions, dates, and details, preparing for a marathon of multiple choice and true & false questions, and now you’re staring at a single, solitary, terrifying essay question.

    How could this happen? You’re suddenly fighting for your life (okay, a grade), and your only weapons are a blank piece of paper and a pencil. What can you do? Next time, prepare for the test as if you know it will be an essay test.​

    Why Do Teachers Use Essay Questions?

    Essay questions are based on themes and overall ideas. Teachers like to use essay questions because they give students the opportunity to express everything they’ve learned over the weeks or months, using their own words. Essay test answers reveal more than the bare facts, though. When submitting essay answers, students are expected to cover lots of information in an organized, sensible manner.

    But what if you prepare for an essay question and the teacher doesn’t ask one? No problem. If you use these tips and understand the themes and ideas of the test period, the other questions will come easily.

    4 Essay Question Study Tips

    1. Review chapter titles. Textbook chapters often refer to themes. Look at each relevant title and think of smaller ideas, chains of events, and relevant terms that fit within that theme.
    2. As you take notes, look for teacher code words. If you hear your teacher use words like “once again we see” or “another similar event occurred,” make note of it. Anything that indicates a pattern or chain of events is key.
    3. Think of a theme every day. Every few nights as you review your class notes, look for themes. Come up with your own essay questions based on your themes.
    4. Practice your essay questions. As you do, make sure you use vocabulary terms found in your notes and text. Underline them as you go, and go back to review their relevance.

    If you take effective notes and think in terms of themes as you study each night, you’ll be prepared for every type of test question. You’ll soon find that, in understanding the theme of each lesson or chapter, you’ll begin to think more like your teacher thinks. You will also begin to form a deeper understanding of the test material overall.

    When an essay title includes the word ‘Discuss’, this means that you are being asked to debate the subject of the essay. In other words, you need to be able to demonstrate that you have understood and evaluated both sides of the topic, problem, or opposing views in a theoretical perspective. At the same time, you need to be able to show, through rational evaluation of the evidence why you favour a particular view.

    From this definition, it is clear that a ‘discuss’ essay is looking for balance, not bias or persuasion. In other words, the essay is not starting from one perspective and aiming to confirm this. Rather the intent of a ‘discuss’ essay is to deliver a work that clearly separates facts and opinions. The skills required for this include paraphrasing, summation, and the clear evaluation of different viewpoints. Common titles for a discuss essay include the format “AI is killing natural innovation from engineers. Discuss”, “Highlight and examine the advantages and disadvantages of home schooling for toddlers”, “Examine the arguments for and against the widespread mandatory delivery of the Covid-19 vaccine”. All of these titles require a discuss essay to be produced.

    Key Points

    • A discuss essay of the highest standard will be logical, flow well and make arguments and statements based on knowledge and evidence, covering all perspectives.
    • You should include all the most important (key) factors or issues in a subject area, highlighting where there is debate over these, ensuring that both sides of the argument are presented.
    • Make statements and deliberations that are based only on credible and viable research, that has been previously well presented.

    Structure of a Discuss Essay


    In all essays the best introductions are those which draw in the reader with a strong statement from the outset. The remainder of the introduction should give a brief indication of the subject being covered, the key points that will be discussed, and if you wish, anticipated conclusions. You should also incorporate any acronyms, or industry specific terms that will be covered in the essay.

    Main Body of the work

    The main body (or the meat of the essay) should be divided into separate paragraphs that each cover one distinct point or statement. A discuss essay requires presentation of evidence, so each paragraph should be focused on one point with both for and against perspectives, before a final summary point identifying one or the other as being justified. In all cases, any points made should be backed up by evidence, correctly cited and referenced at the end of your work.

    Important point: The evidence provided, and references cited should only come from valid, credible sources, preferably peer-reviewed articles, and fully referenced. It is vital to ensure that the views expressed are not opinions but have been delivered based on evidence of wider reading in the field.

    To ensure a logical flow, you should raise the main or key points of an arguments first, and then move onto sub-arguments, ensuring that all the paragraphs are well linked to deliver a cohesive, essay that flows in a logical way.


    A discuss essay conclusion should contain two elements. Firstly, a summary of the core ideas, returning to the evidence presented and the points made, along with an indication of which you believe delivered the strongest arguments for or against the statement in the title.

    Secondly, a discuss essay should give your opinion, which should be grounded in the presented evidence, to demonstrate your ability to draw a conclusion from the data considered. In other words, following an internal debate with yourself, evaluating the information available, you should demonstrate that you have an informed opinion on the subject under discussion.

    To help you in the construction of your discussion essay, we have put together a list of key words and phrases that can be used to ensure you deliver a first-class piece of work.

    7. ____ shows the relationship between noun and pronoun or noun and noun.

    a) Preposition b) adjective c) pronoun d) noun

    8. ____ is the loudness placed in a word or sentence.

    a) Stress b) syllable c) noun d) verb

    From numbers 9 to 10, choose the appropriate word to complete the sentence.

    9 All ____ types of essay writing.

    a) are b) is c) an d) of

    10. Who ____ that at the door?

    a) is b) are c) an d) on

    SECTION: Essay

    1. What is intonation?
    2. Mention the types of letter writing.
    3. With examples explain stress.
    4. Write the types of information.

    JSS 2 English Language Past Questions and Answers

    SECTION: Objective

    Instructions: Answer ALL questions in this section

    1 In our passage, inflation means what ____

    a) Falling in price b) rising in price c) downcast d) falling

    2 ____ means sex

    a) Gender b) sexuality c) gen d) none of the above

    3. All are examples of noun except

    a) Verb b) stone c) Mohammed d) happy

    4. ____ is a name of a person, animal, place or thing

    a) Pronoun b) Noun c) verb d) adverb

    5. All are types of noun except

    a) Interjection b) proper noun c) common noun d) abstract noun

    6. We have ____ types of gender

    a) 1 b) 4 c) 5 d) 8

    7. “Boy” is a male gender

    8. Comprehension simply means ____

    a) Understanding b) confusion c) convert d) concrete

    9. Pronouns are words used instead of a noun.

    SECTION: Essay

    Instructions: Answer any two questions

    1. What is a noun?
    2. Write the types of noun.
    3. What is gender?
    4. Explain abstract noun.

    JSS 1 English Language Past Questions and Answers

    SECTION: Objective

    Instructions: Answer ALL questions in this section

    1 We have 26 English letters.

    2. “on” is a two-letter words

    3. _____ is a vowel number one

    a) |i:| b) |i| c) |u| d) |e|

    4. The last letter in our alphabets is ____

    a) Z b) A c) N d) O

    5. All are English alphabet except

    a) 4 b) A c) Q d) R

    6. All are noun except

    a) Stone b) running c) Mary b) Philip

    7. A noun is a name of person, animal, place or thing.

    8. The first letter in our alphabet is ____

    a) B b) C c) A d) R

    9. The plural of boy is ____

    a) Boy b) boys c) girls d) dog

    10. ____ is not a noun

    a) Crying b) book c) car d) class

    SECTION: Essay

    Instructions: Answer any two questions

    1. Write the English alphabet or letter
    2. Give five (5) examples of two letter words
    3. What is a noun?
    4. Mention ten (10) examples of noun

    Tagged: JSS Past questions and answers, JSS 1 Past questions and answers, Junior WAEC Past questions and answers, Junior WAEC, JSS 2 Past questions and answers, JSS 3 Past questions and answers

    The Advanced Placement essay exam is one of the best ways to check the English proficiency of the particular student. If you master some of the expert AP English essay prompts, you will succeed in your task. Having some powerful AP English essay examples may help you to write a winning personal statement – these challenges have a lot in common.

    Is there a need to hire an essay expert to enter the college of your dream? To increase the chances of being accepted to the target institution, contact professional AP ( homework help websites) and admissions essay writers online who can compose the entire essay for cheap!

    Exam Format

    How to Write AP English Essay Prompts: Know the Challenge in Face!

    One of the most important AP English language essay prompts is the definition of this special task: A challenging college course made of 2 separate courses to train reading, comprehension, writing, and creativity:

    1. Language and Composition
    2. English Literature and Composition

    Rhetoric and literature analysis are two components the student need to succeed in a further essay writing career. A synthesis essay is at the heart of the course’s exam. This essay is a written discussion that draws on a single/multiple sources (s) such as scholarly articles, essays, textbooks, magazines, newspapers, documentaries, websites, etc.

    AP English Language Essay Prompts & Grading Rubric

    The exam essay prompts are different for both courses. An essay prompt refers to the specific topical article a student has to analyze and synthesize in order to come up with analytical pieces as one whole. It is important to remember the essay structure and essay grading rubric to succeed.

    A student can either develop a high-scoring essay, a mid-range essay, or a complete failure essay (low-scoring piece). This article focuses on the winning exam scenario. The rubric will look this way in case you are interested in hitting the highest score (8-9 points):

    • Effectively stated point of view
    • Relevant exam essay content
    • Complete understanding of the offered AP English essay prompts
    • Well-developed position towards the topic discussed in the given prompt(s)
    • Instead of driving the sources, the essay focuses on the claim
    • The main essay idea sounds persuasive & meaningful
    • Only specific evidence for every mentioned idea is present
    • “So what?” question is the clue to an essay
    • A coherent and concise essay content
    • Does not have any grammar, spelling, punctuation, or formatting mistakes

    Keep in touch with the process with the help of special learning mobile phone apps. Download some helpful writing apps to get ready!

    AP English Essay Examples of 1st Part Questions

    The 1st group of examples includes those associated with the Language & Composition part. Be ready to work on 3 essays. A couple of pieces should evaluate the offered literary text. A student will need to read the attached poem, narration, mini story, or essay by a famous American author to succeed. One more assignment requires responding to a given prompt the writer had to observe before the exam. A student will face:

    • Up to 20 questions on the contemporary literature
    • Up to 20 questions on Victorian/Romantic literature
    • No more than 10 questions related to XVII-century Elizabethan epoch in art

    If the teachers make it possible, try to add a bit of fun to your responses. Discover some of the great ways to save a day thanks to humor.

    Expert Advice:

    “I work in the admissions team that grades the AP English exam essays several years, and I can say there is no need to focus on the contemporary literature. The college boards do not consider most of the XX century authors. A student may cover just the most popular and top-rated pieces from the Middle English period – those authors are not regular guests in AP exams.”

    Lola Brendon, an AP English course teacher and expert online writer at JustDoMyHomework

    Practice AP English Exam Essay Example

    It is time to move to the Literature part of the examination, and have a look at other AP English exam essay examples of prompts. To get ready, experts recommend taking the time-tested steps:

    1. Find numerous poems and pieces of prose to train the reading & comprehension skills. Try to read and analyze them in mind ASAP. Mind that it is important to select the literary pieces from many various epochs as required by the exam’s instructions.
    2. Train a lot by reading a prompt a few minutes before moving to the offered piece and before getting to write. Annotate it. Many students benefit from searching for the particular keywords & key phrases – they are helpful during the writing process.
    3. Annotate the passage by keeping in mind the chosen keys and major themes.

    AP English Language and Composition Exam Essay Prompts

    It is important to practice different AP English language exams and composition essay prompts before joining the examination to stand the test. One of the good examples is a famous poem by Robert Frost:

    Nature’s first green is gold
    Her hardest hue to hold
    Her early leaf’s a flower
    But only so an hour
    Then leaf subsides to leaf,
    So Eden sank to grief
    So dawn goes down to day
    Nothing gold can stay.

    After reading & analyzing this piece, think about the answers to multiple-choice questions.

    1. A rhyme in the given literary piece is presentto:
    • Allow easier reading
    • Taking part in a literary convention
    • Expanding a simile
    • Developing imagery
    1. Eden in the line number 6 stands for:
    • The mourning
    • Religious aspect of the author
    • Woman with the same name
    • Judeo-Christian approach
    1. Under ‘Nothing gold…,” what do you understand?
    • Wealth is transient
    • People are evil by their nature
    • Gold tarnishes without special efforts
    • Things that are good will remain this way
    1. Pick a sentence, which reflects the essence of the mood in the offered text?
    • The underlying mood is exciting & fun
    • The mood is outraged/emotional
    • The mood is romantic & calm
    • The mood is melancholic/depressive

    The prompt may be given as the one, which requires a broad response. Some students believe such instructions are more complicated.

    Think about how the structure of a particular literary piece adds up to the essence of the topic. Pretend the offered structure is villanelle and try to come up with the original explanation of its reflection of the work. Cover such aspects as repetitiveness. Do not forget to include the poem’s line numbers that prove your point.


    That is everything an average student needs to know about AP English exam essay prompts. To succeed, we recommend getting extra essay help. No parent or classmate will be able to prepare you better than a professional online essay writing service full of certified writers. Order a custom essay from the native-speaking English team now!