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How to adopt a japanese baby

Confessions And Confusions: Where, How Long, And How Much?

How to adopt a japanese baby By Melodie Cook |
October 8, 2017 |
Families

In this month’s column, we ask several parents who have adopted their children in Japan about where they reached out to, how long it took, and how much it cost.

Recently, I’ve been in contact with some couples who have decided that they want to adopt in Japan, but are not sure where to go. I asked some members of my Facebook group to share a little information to help those thinking of adopting. However, before getting into that, I feel I need to tell you that adoption in Japan is still rare. Currently, there are only about 400-500 adoptions per year across the country, although the government is taking measures to increase that number to 3,000.

Questions to ask yourself before adopting might include the following:

  • What agencies are available?
  • How long do I want to wait for a child to be matched to my family?
  • How old a child do I want?
  • How much am I willing to pay for the adoption process?

Six people answered my survey and I’ve summarized their answers briefly below. Keep in mind that this article is based on the responses of individuals who have been through the process.

Child Guidance Center (Local Government)

Two people said that their children were matched to them through their local Child Guidance Centre. While one person said their wait for a 2-year-old child was one year, the other said that she waited three years for her 3-year-old son. The adoption process was completely free and in the case of the second parent, she was reimbursed for her son’s monthly expenses (treated as a foster parent) for the first year he lived with her family until the adoption was finalized. The first parent advises that prospective parents keep in touch with the Center “to make sure they haven’t forgotten about you.” The second recommends patience, going to meetings (to be seen), reading a lot of books, and joining any grassroots organizations nearby, should they exist to network with other adoptive, or, more likely, foster parents.

Faith-based hospitals/agencies

One parent said she adopted through a Catholic hospital and the other through a Christian adoption agency. The former adopted a newborn and waited three months after applying for a child. The latter received a week-old baby the first time, and was actually contacted by the agency the second time “because they knew we were thinking about it,” and thus there was no wait for the second baby. There were costs involved, however. The parent said she paid “¥700,000 including the birth mother’s hospital bill.” However, the second said that she couldn’t remember how much she paid: “just expenses for the baby and travel and social worker report. No legal fees. Not at all expensive.” Both parents recommended that those thinking about adoption go for it and not to worry “that the paperwork carries on and the adoption won’t be legally finalized until sometime after the child has become part of your family.”

International Family Services (IFS)

One parent adopted her son a week before his first birthday from IFS (which no longer exists) but said that everything about her adoption was “exceptional” in that she waited only one week after applying for him, yet the adoption took four years to finalize because although the birth parents were divorced, at times they wanted to reclaim the child, (in the birth mother’s case, only for the family registry – she didn’t want to raise the child and would have institutionalized him). The hospital costs worked out to about $35,000. She recommends that adoptive parents take good care of themselves and pay attention to signals for how to proceed with their children.

Private adoption

The last parent, who adopted two children at the same time (she met them when they were six and seven, respectively), said that “no agency” was used, but the matching process took five years. She paid “about ¥800,000” for the adoption process and recommends to those considering adoption to “Be patient. There will be lots of obstacles, but don’t give up,” adding that “adoption will change your life!”

In summary, you may have to wait longer to be matched with a child from a public non-profit rather than a private religious or for-profit agency, but you might have to pay more money. You may also be more likely to get a baby from a private agency or other private arrangements than from a government institution, which deals largely with orphanages where fostering is more common than adoption because parents place children in them in order not to break blood ties or to keep their biological children on the family register.

In my case, as I have written before, we wanted an older child because I was the full-time working breadwinner, and couldn’t nurse a baby at home. While I love my son to bits, I sometimes wish we had adopted him earlier, so that we could have formed a closer bond and that he would have been using English sooner. If your Japanese is not up to snuff, I’d recommend trying for a newborn, so that you will be able to communicate!

Something to watch out for

Recently, someone joined my Facebook adoption/fostering group and said that a child was available for adoption. Many of the group members hopes were raised and they jumped on this “opportunity,” but a few others soon realized that the person making the offer was from outside of Japan and had ill intentions. As the old saying goes, “If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.” If you want to adopt a child in Japan, please go through reputable and certified channels.

For more information on adoption in Japan, see this , this and this article, as well as this book.

Japanese children are amazing. As a rule, they’re polite, friendly, and don’t let their feelings run wild. In Japan, you’ll rarely meet a child who’s crying in the supermarket (though there are always exceptions to the rule).

Bright Side thinks that we ought to learn some upbringing tricks from Japanese parents. So we’ve collected the main principles of raising children in Japan.

The mother-child relationship is tight.

In Japan, the connection between a mother and her child is really strong. They sleep together and mothers always carry their kids around with them — in the past, mothers would use something resembling a baby sling.

The mother-child bond is deeply emotional: mothers accept everything their children do — their children are perfect in their eyes.

The main rule says that before a child turns 5, they’re allowed to do what they want. Foreigners see this as permissiveness and overindulgence but they’re mistaken. This principle lets children know that they’re good.

Japanese artists’ works from the end of the 17th century / the beginning of the 18th century. On the right, you can see a mother and her child enjoying goldfish.

Such an attitude contributes to “amae.” This word has no analogs in other languages, but it can be translated as “one’s desire to be loved” or simply “attachment”. “Amae” is the foundation of relationships between mothers and children. It means that children can rely on their parents and their love, and elderly parents receive their adult children’s support.

There was a study conducted by American and Japanese scientists that proves there’s a connection between an encouraging upbringing style and children’s behavior. Researchers claim that parents’ positive attitudes reduce the risk of problematic behavior in kids and improve the behavior of children with developmental disorders.

The Japanese upbringing system

All people are created equal. Japanese princess, Ayako (the second on the right) is performing with classmates during an athletic festival in Tokyo.

According to the famous Japanese system of upbringing, children are perfect before they turn 5, are like servants from age 5 to 15, and are considered equal to their parents and other people by age 15. But many foreigners don’t understand this way of thinking and interpret it incorrectly.

This philosophy is aimed at raising a member of a collective society where personal interests aren’t the most important thing. It’s a kind of stress and Japanese parents try to raise a harmonious person who will be able to find their purpose and won’t underestimate their own value.

In the first stage, parents share endless love and care with their children.

In the second stage, their love doesn’t vanish. A child learns to live by the rules of society and tries to find their purpose in this world. Since the mother-child attachment is really strong, a child tries to do everything right as not to upset their mom.

In the third stage, a child becomes a full member of society.

The family is one of the most significant things.

Girls wearing traditional kimonos during Shichi-Go-San, a rite of passage and festival for children.

As a rule, mothers raise children. They spend a lot of time together: Japanese people think children shouldn’t be sent to kindergarten before they turn 3 years old. Parents don’t usually ask grandparents to babysit their children and don’t hire babysitters.

But children spend a lot of time with grandparents and other relatives. Their relationships with family members are really warm and caring. Families consist of people who will always support and protect each other.

Parents are role models.

There was an experiment that involved Japanese and European moms. They were asked to construct a pyramid. Japanese moms built the pyramid on their own and then asked their children to repeat it. If children failed to build it, they started constructing the pyramid all over again.

European moms explained how to build the pyramid and asked their children to try. So the mothers from Japan followed the rule “do it the way I do,” and the mothers from Europe offered their children to do everything on their own and didn’t provide an example.

Japanese mothers don’t make children do things they’re requested to do. They give an example and show the way things have to be done.

Paying attention to emotions

To teach a child to live in a collective society, it’s important to teach them to “see” and respect other’s feelings and interests.

Japanese mothers respect their children’s feelings: they don’t push them or make them feel ashamed or embarrassed. They teach them to understand the emotions of other people and even inanimate objects. For example, if a kid is trying to break their toy car, a mom from Japan will say, “Poor car, it’s going to cry.” A European mom will probably rebuke, “Stop it. It’s bad.”

Japanese people don’t claim that their methods are the best. Today, Western values also influence their traditions. But major concepts of Japan, such as a calm and loving attitude toward children are unchanging.

Do you agree with the Japanese upbringing philosophy? Tell us your opinion!

How to adopt a japanese babyISSJ deals with adoptions that are called international adoptions as well as inter-country adoptions.

ISSJ’s adoptions are in the best interest of the child and we think adoptions are for those children who need family, not for prospective adoptive parents. We follow the 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption as well as the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child.

The 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption

ISSJ thinks that the child should grow up happily in home where it is best for their well-being and where love and understanding are provided. In addition, children should not be torn apart from their birth family without proper assessment. Thus, the counselling with the birth parents is very important. Only if a suitable family is not found in their original country, then we take inter-country adoption into consideration to provide a permanent home for the child. We will protect the rights of the child and be sure to have the child’s best interests even for inter-country adoption cases.

Home Study

The home study is the process for ISSJ to get to know the prospective adoptive parents. Through the home study, ISSJ hopes to make a best matching for the child.

The home study processes consists of series of interviews, collecting paperwork/submitting paperwork, in addition to a visit to the family’s home. In order to affirm your motivation for adopting, we will ask why you want to adopt, why you want to become parents, and what you can provide for the child. We want you to have a clear image of what you will be like as parents.

We want you to look back your background, family and life history, the relationship between your parents and your siblings, and things that happened in your past, and consider how these things help shaped your life and your values.

For married couples, we examine what you think are strengths and weaknesses individually and as a couple. In addition, we look at how you communicate, as well as how you deal with problems, conflicts, uncertainty, and stress. At the same time, we will ask you about the type of child you are looking for. It is important to consider what type of child you can take care of, and what kind of child might be too difficult to handle and we will ask you reasons.

There is no right answer during this home study. Going through your values and thoughts with your case worker, we hope to find the best match for a child.

Pregnant? You don’t have to

go through this alone.

We are here to support,encourage and guide you through the adoption journey.

How to adopt a japanese baby

What to except from start to finish

How to adopt a japanese baby

I Want To Place My Baby For Adoption

What’s The Next Step

Information about moving forward with the adoption process

How to adopt a japanese baby

Financial help during and after your pregnancy.

How to adopt a japanese baby

What’s an adoption plan and why you need one.

How to adopt a japanese baby

Your privacy is respected at all times.

How to adopt a japanese baby

Birth Mom Rights

You have more rights that you realize.

How to adopt a japanese baby

Choosing Your Baby’s Parents

Adoption is a loving decision and a gift to a family who cannot conceive children. Learn about the process of deciding who will be your child’s parents.

How to adopt a japanese baby

Open ,Semi-Open or Closed Adoption

Choose how much contact, if any, you want with the adoptive family before and after your baby is born. Be a part of your child’s life while they are growing up, recieve photo and letter updates only, or decide that there will not be any contact at all. It’s all up to you..

How to adopt a japanese baby

24/7 Free Support

Call or text anytime you need support, encouragement or just someone to listen to you. Our caring and compassionate staff,will be a heart with ears and a shoulder to lean on.

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Birth Father Issues

Things you need to know about his involvement in the adoption process.

How to adopt a japanese baby

Birth Mom Coaching

Calm your fears, obtain information and get answers to all of your questions.

How to adopt a japanese baby

Questions About Giving Up Your Baby For Adoption

All of the things you wanted to know about adoption, but you weren’t sure who to ask.

Trying To Decide If Adoption Is Right For You?

How to adopt a japanese baby

Questions To Ask Yourself.

Abortion Vs. Adoption

I’m interested, what’s the next step?

Text (202)888-5440 or Call 1-800-403-5728 to communicate with a counselor about what you need to do next.

How to adopt a japanese baby

Each year, thousands of families consider adopting a newborn baby. Maybe you are one of those families. As you think about this life-changing decision, you most likely have a lot of questions.

Should I adopt a newborn baby?

Who can help me adopt a newborn?

What are the important facts I need to consider for newborn adoption?

These and many other questions can feel like a barrier standing between your family and the adoption process. We’re going to break through that barrier by answering the most common and important questions in our guide to adopting a newborn.

If you're a prospective birth mother looking for information on placing a newborn for adoption, you can complete this free online form to connect with an experienced adoption professional today.

We're ready to help you better understand the adoption process and how you can find the perfect adoptive family for your newborn.

What Is Newborn Adoption?

There are several terms that overlap when we are talking about adopting a newborn. You will likely run across the phrases “private adoption,” “domestic adoption” and “infant adoption.” Are these the same thing? Generally speaking, yes. These phrases are used interchangeably in most situations.

However, newborn adoption does refer to something specific: When parents adopt a baby under 6 months old from the U.S. Even more specific than that, the vast majority of newborn adoptions occur at the hospital shortly following birth.

How Is that Different from Other Types of Adoption?

Adopting a newborn baby is not the only option for hopeful parents. There are several types of adoption, and choosing the one that fits your situation best is one of the big decisions a family makes in the adoption process.

Foster care adoption is the process of being placed with a child by the state and then finalizing the adoption of that child into your family. Foster care adoption is appealing to many hopeful parents. However, if you want to adopt a newborn baby, this probably isn’t the right route for you. Most children in foster care who are waiting to be adopted are older. Adoption of an older child is beautiful, but it does come with unique challenges that not all parents are ready to face.

There’s also international adoption for future parents to consider. Adoptions from foreign countries have been declining amongst U.S. families since 2004. The reasons are many, including increased complexity, international politics and cost. While it is possible, it’s very difficult to adopt a newborn from a different country.

Both foster care and international adoption can be beautiful ways to start or grow a family. It all depends on your situation and what you feel you are prepared for. Many families considering adoption feel that they are most prepared for and excited about newborn adoption. If you feel that way, it’s perfectly okay, and you can pursue a domestic infant adoption of a newborn baby.

How Do I Adopt a Newborn Baby?

Each newborn adoption process is unique, because each family is unique. With that said, there are some big steps that everyone has to take.

First things first: you don’t adopt a newborn baby on your own. You do it with the help of an adoption agency. There are several types of agencies that help families adopting newborns, and American Adoptions is one of them. We are a fully-licensed, full-service national adoption agency. We have helped thousands of families come together, and most of the adoptions we complete are newborn adoptions.

As a national adoption agency, we search for the best adoption opportunity for you across the country. Because of this, we offer families shorter wait times. We are also a full-service agency, which means we are equipped with the tools to provide for you at every step of the adoption process. Some agencies, on the other hand, can only meet the requirements of a few steps.

When you are adopting a newborn, you’ll work with American Adoptions to create a family profile that is shown to prospective birth mothers. When the right prospective birth mother sees your profile, she’ll select you to adopt her baby. Thanks to the increasing prominence of open adoption, there’s a good chance you’ll be able to speak with the birth mother before and after birth.

Then, when the time comes, you will get an amazing call: it’s time to go to the hospital. Most families who are adopting newborn babies meet their baby very shortly after birth. After being placed with your baby, there will be a couple more steps to finalize the adoption.

This is only a brief overview. You can view more resources about how to adopt a newborn baby to get a more in-depth picture of the process.

Why Do Parents Choose to Adopt a Newborn Baby?

Each family has its own reasons for adoption. Because of that, some of these benefits of adoption for newborn babies may resonate with you, while others may not. It’s largely dependent on your personal situation. These are some reasons hopeful parents choose newborn baby adoption:

The dream of having a baby: Many folks who dream of being parents specifically think about those special moments with a baby — holding them as they sleep, the first steps, the first words. These milestones are meaningful. If you want to experience them with your child, then adopting a newborn baby is one of your best options.

Access to important information: Since your adoption agency is also serving the prospective birth mother, there is a higher likelihood you will have access to important medical information about your child. This type of genetic history can be important later in life.

The opportunity for open adoption: Most newborn adoptions are at least semi-open. There are many benefits of open adoptions, and at this point, it is recommended by almost all professionals. These benefits can be especially pertinent for the child, who will eventually have questions about adoption and identity that are much more difficult to answer when all you have before placement is question marks and mystery.

These are only a handful of reasons someone may favor adopting a newborn over other types of adoption. This is your call to make, as you are the only person who can discern the best path forward for your family. All adoptions are beautiful pictures of love and family — we’re sure you will make the right choice.

Learn More about Adoption for Newborn Babies

We’re here to answer all of your questions. If you want to know more about adopting a newborn baby, request more information about adoption today.

Disclaimer
Information available through these links is the sole property of the companies and organizations listed therein. America Adoptions, Inc. provides this information as a courtesy and is in no way responsible for its content or accuracy.


In Japan, tradition has long been that women who gave birth were expected to be confined indoors with their babies for the first 100 days postpartum. Nowadays, however, mothers usually choose to stay indoors for just the first month. Similarly, it is customary for Japanese women to return to their mother’s home sometime during the last trimester, and then after giving birth at a hospital, to return to the mother’s home again for the first month postpartum. In this way, mothers can be cared for and receive baby care assistance. This is called 里帰り出産 (satogaeri shussan). Alternatively, sometimes a female family member will go stay with the new mother at her home—especially if help is needed with the care of older children.

I gave birth to all six of my children in Japan—the country where I was born and raised. Having lived in Japan all my life, I grew up seeing and hearing about Japanese customs relating to pregnancy, birth, the confinement month, breastfeeding and co-sleeping. However, my mother was born and raised in the USA, and she was not very familiar nor comfortable with traditional Japanese confinement customs. As a result of that upbringing, my thoughts and eventual choices became a blend of some of my mother’s USA customs as well as Japanese customs. I adopted only those customs that felt comfortable to me and that complemented my mothering instincts to attentively meet my children’s needs.

Child #1: Enjoying special care at my mother’s home (里帰り出産 — satogaeri shussan )

For the birth of my firstborn, two weeks prior to my due date I went to stay at my parents’ home. Their home was 90 kilometers north of the town where my husband and I lived at the time. I chose to do so because there were no birthing centers close to where I lived, and home birth was not an option due to restrictions set by the local health department. Traveling on slippery, snow-covered roads to reach the hospital once labor began might not be a safe nor a feasible option as roads are blocked when weather is bad.

My husband John came to visit when he could and once labor began, stayed with me during the delivery (a first for that hospital!). I remained in the hospital for six days as was customary. Since my husband came to see me every day, I was the envy of many of the other mothers on my hospital floor whose husbands did not or could not come as often. We stayed at my parents’ home for a few days and then headed back home with my mother who came to help me out for the first two weeks postpartum.

It was very helpful to have my mother taking care of meals, cleaning the house, washing and hanging up the laundry and my husband doing the shopping. It gave me plenty of time to rest and enjoy getting to know my little one. I also didn’t need to worry about frequent and/or long breastfeeding sessions as there was nothing requiring my attention other than the needs of my newborn.

Children #2-6: Forging my own path at my own home

With my other births, John and I decided that it wasn’t necessary for my mother to come and stay with us. He was prepared to take on the household chores, and I was very happy with this arrangement. Our older children and I did stay at my parents’ home though a couple of weeks prior to my due dates for the births in winter (four out of six of them occurred in the wintertime!) and for a couple days after leaving the hospital. As with our first, my husband came to join us when he could, for the labor and delivery, and my stay at the hospital with our newest addition to the family. He would bring the older children to visit us at the hospital once a day and then come again for quiet time to bond with our newborn. The older children and my parents enjoyed the extra time together, and I was happy they were having such a good time!

Responses to going outside cultural norms

On one occasion, a couple weeks after giving birth to our first child, the three of us went shopping together. I was stopped by an おばあちゃん( obaachan ), which means “older woman”, and scolded for going out so soon after giving birth. I was then scolded once again by anotherおばあちゃんthe same day while shopping at the grocery store! Although this did not stop me from going out with the baby when the weather was nice, I will say I tended to look outside my door/window carefully first before venturing out, to see if any おばあちゃん were close by.

With my sixth child I remember one beautiful summer day, too nice to be staying indoors. My 2 week-old son and my daughters, 3 and 5 years old, all ventured out to a nearby park. Happy aboard a sling, my newborn son was contentedly nursing and sleeping the whole time. An おばあちゃん who happened to also be at the park spotted me, and looked inquisitively at the baby in my sling as if I had a strange looking bag on me (I was probably the first mother to use a sling in Wakkanai). She then proceeded to give me a scolding for going out too soon after birth!

Although I did not follow Japanese first-month postpartum confinement customs in the traditional sense, I do appreciate the rationale behind it—to honor the mother and newborn’s need for rest and bonding during that critical time, and to help establish the mother’s milk supply. Though some mothers—like myself—may choose to do a few light household chores, and find it nice to go outdoors once in a while for some fresh air, a walk, or a stroll with older siblings to either the park or a friend’s house. I also appreciate how Japanese mothers are not expected to do anything except care for their newborns during the first month.

RuthAnna Mather is mom to six breastfed children. She is a longtime La Leche League Leader and devoted member of Breastfeeding Today’s Editorial Review Board. RuthAnna and her busy family currently reside in Wakkanai, Hokkaido, Japan.

How to adopt a japanese baby
Baby RuthAnna on her mother’s back

How to adopt a japanese baby
RuthAnna at the hospital, holding her newborn daughter Sarah (fifth child), while the older children welcome their new sibling.

Adopting a child from an orphanage can be very rewarding. Often these children come from very poor countries. Adoption provides them with opportunities that they would never have in their own countries. Parents must consider: How much does it cost to adopt a child from an orphanage?

Adoptive family magazines conducted a survey of parents who adopted their children from 2012 to 2013. This survey found that parents who adopted from orphanages paid an average of $39,000. These fees include the cost of lawyers and agency fees as well as travel costs. Adopting a child internationally can be very complicated. There are many agencies available to help with this process.

How to adopt a japanese baby

Originally in the United States when children lost their parents or for other reasons needed support, they went to live with relatives or neighbors. In the 1800’s the United States established orphanages due to an explosion of immigrants. The reasons that children needed help were very similar to the reasons children need help today. Their parents died due to epidemics or disease. Some parents were unable to economically provide for their children. Other parents were unable to take care of their children because of drug and alcohol abuse.

By the 1850s many orphanages had become overcrowded and little better than prisons. In the mid-1800s Charles Brace established The Children’s Aid Society. Brace believed that children would have a better chance in a home with parents and exposed to normal society. Children were sent west on trains. They were sent to towns and placed in homes with families that had already been pre-approved by their communities. This was the beginning of the American foster care system and the end of orphanages in the United States.

Today orphanages do not exist in the United States. Instead, there are residential treatment centers, boarding schools, and group homes. Foster care is the main way that the United States cares for children that do not have parents capable of caring for them. If you want to adopt a child from an orphanage, then that will have to be an international adoption.

The State Of Overseas Orphanages UNICEF estimates that there are over 153 million children in orphanages across Europe, Asia, South America and Africa. These children live in large wards with very little interaction with adults. When you enter these wards they are eerily silent. Unlike children in a loving home, these children do not cry for comfort or attention. They have learned not to cry because they will not receive any comfort. There is not adequate staff to meet these children’s needs for emotional support. The children receive minimal care. They are kept fed and clean. There’s no time for anything else.

The loneliness of these children is much more than sad, it’s tragic. Human brain development in young children requires stimulation and social interaction. These children fail to produce hormones that stimulate the growth of their brain and body. Instead, they produce high levels of the stress hormone cortisol. Cortisol negatively impacts the structure of their brain and body.

The lack of care is devastating to these children’s futures. Their average IQ is 20 points lower than the average non-institutionalized child. The situation results in high levels of depression, anxiety, apathy, and restlessness. Behaviors common in children from orphanage are disobedience, hyperactivity, and attention-seeking. They tend to have sleep disorders, eating disorders and lower levels of social maturity. These children lack attentiveness, concentration and communication skills. Physically their head circumference, height and weight lag behind their peers.

Adopting a child from one of these orphanages is literally saving their life and their future. If you have the time, money and patience it is a great act of love. Knowing the state of their life may make you really want to know how much does it cost to adopt a child from an orphanage.

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    Americans are inexhaustibly blessed. From the minute we stretch our legs in the morning, it is easy to take for granted the colorfully stocked grocery stores, clean drinking water, and stylish conveniences we enjoy throughout the day. What better way is there to show love to a world in need than the adoption of a child without basic care and a loving home? International adoption is a serious decision, but if you are considering building your family in this way, here are some wonderful countries to consider:

    Adopting from Malawi is affordable for an international adoption (between $28,000 and $32,000) and the in-country travel time is less than four weeks. Children between eighteen months and fifteen years old can be adopted. Most orphans have been abandoned due to poverty and social problems. Families from the U.S. can provide these children with an optimistic future that they would not have had otherwise. Pop singer Madonna adopted two five-year-old twin girls from Malawi in 2017.

    South Korea

    Children available for adoption in South Korea are between 1 and 6 years old at placement, with some minor, treatable special needs. Two trips to the country are required, but these are each only five to seven days in length. Since South Korea is a modern country, there are lots of American restaurants and comforts available, although you may want to sample some local cuisine of your child’s birth nation. Eligible Americans are between 25 and 40 years of age, with no more than one divorce in each prospective parent’s past.

    Married couples can adopt from Haiti if they are over 30 and have been married for over five years, singles can adopt if they are between 35 and 49 years old. Adoptable children are between 6 months and 16 years old, siblings groups are also available. Unrelated children may also be adopted at the same time in Haiti on a case-by-case basis. The first trip a prospective parent takes to Haiti is for familiarization, and is fifteen days long. The second trip, to adopt the child, is about a week in length.

    The costs for adoption in Ukraine are reasonable, from $30,000 to $36,000 a year. Children available for adoption are usually over 5 years old and in sibling groups typically of three or more. There are also children 14 months old and older with special needs who are ready to be adopted. To be eligible to adopt in Ukraine, you need to be married and between 15 and 45 years older than the child you are adopting. Parents completing adoptions travel twice: the first time between four and six weeks to bond with their child, and the second time for a week to ten days to pick up their child.

    While the size of this African country is miniature compared to others, Burundi has one of the highest birthrates in the world. Prospective parents can adopt healthy boys and girls at ages 18 months old and older, although all potential adoptive parents must be open to adopting children over 5 years old. Sibling groups of over two or more children are available, and adoptions of one or more unrelated children at the same time is permitted. In order to adopt from Burundi, you must be at least 30 years old and married for at least five years.

    The costs of adopting from China are reasonable for an international adoption; it is around $35,000 including travel and in-country expenses. Children ages 1 to 13 are ready to be adopted. While all are said to have some type of developmental need, more than half of these are minor and correctable (such as a cleft palate or orthopedic issues). Married American couples between 30 and 49 years old may adopt, and single women over 30 are also eligible.

    If you wish to adopt from India, you need to be married for at least two years and the parent of less than two children unless you are interested in adopting a child with special needs. Children over the age of 2, and more females than males, are available. India requires only one trip that is seven to ten days in length. Costs are usually between $28,000 and $35,000.