When you’re skiing gracefully down a mountain at anywhere between 10 to 25 miles per hour, it’s easy to forget about the bindings that are holding your feet securely to your skis.
However, your ski bindings are one of the most important components of your gear.
In fact, without your bindings, it would be nearly impossible to stay on your skis while barreling down the mountain. And at the same time, if your bindings aren’t properly fitted to your ski boots, you’ll have trouble maintaining control, which can put you and others at significant risk of injury.
So with that in mind, I’ve put together the following step-by-step guide to help you learn how to adjust your ski bindings properly.
Although it’s not a very complicated process, doing so ensures that you’ll have a safer and more comfortable experience out on the slopes.
What You’ll Need
In order to properly mount your ski bindings, all you’ll need is a bit of knowledge and information about the skier, as well as a screwdriver. However, some newer ski models might not even require a screwdriver, as they’re designed with a special locking device to hold the bindings in place.
Additionally, you’ll need to know a few things about the person whom you’re setting the binding up for. This includes:
- The skier’s age
- Boot Size
- And their skill level
Then, once you have this information, you’re ready to begin adjusting your bindings.
How To Adjust Ski Bindings
In order to properly adjust your bindings, you’ll need to take note of the sole boot length of your boot. You can usually find this number written on either the side or bottom of your boot.
However, if your boots are new, or you’re a bit confused on how to find the sole size, ask a shop tech for help in regards to your sole length.
Step 1 – Adjusting The Toe Piece
The first step in adjusting your ski bindings is to know the length of your sole. Usually, this length can be found written in millimeters and engraved somewhere near the heel of your boot.
To adjust the binding’s sole length, place your skis on a flat surface that will allow the brakes to be free. In the absence of a proper ski shop table, you can also use a set of two tables or a sawhorse.
The skis’ brakes are made of hard plastic or black rubber and are typically located on either side of your binding.
To open the binding, hold down on the two levers, then slid the toe of one of your boots into the binding’s front piece. Then, press down on the heel, and you should hear the boot click into place.
However, if you’re finding it difficult to slide the boot into place, you’ll going to need to adjust your bindings either wider or smaller to fit your boots.
For this, use a screwdriver to adjust the toe piece by simply turning the screwdriver anticlockwise to loosen it, or clockwise to tighten it.
Stop when the toe piece is just slightly wider than the boot sole length. Then, try your boot in the toe piece again to test its fit.
Note that this adjustment isn’t always needed because some newer models of ski bindings are designed with a built-in mechanism that will allow you to adjust your binding to the appropriate boot sole size, without using a screwdriver.
Step 2 – Adjusting Your Heel Length
Once, you’re able to fit the boot into your binding, the second step is to set the heel length.
To adjust the heel length, loosen the screw at the back part of your binding. Then, carefully lift and move the binding forward or backward as needed in order to match the length of your boot.
Once you’ve moved the heel piece and you’re happy with its positioning, simply tighten the screw and double-check that your boot does, in fact, fit securely in the binding. If the boot is still loose, you may need to make further adjustments.
Finally, you’ll need to repeat this entire process on both of your skis to ensure that both of your bindings are properly adjusted. Then, you’re ready to move on the third and final step of adjusting your ski bindings.
Step 3 – Adjusting The DIN Release Setting
The final step to adjusting your ski bindings is to properly set the DIN release setting.
If you carefully observe your ski bindings, you’ll notice a series of numbers on the toe and heel pieces. This series of numbers is known as the DIN setting, which will determine the amount of force and pressure needed for your bindings to release your boots during a crash or accident.
Essentially, this release feature is designed specifically to prevent leg and ankle injuries.
However, the DIN release setting will differ from one skier to another, and it’s always based on the person’s size, weight, and ability.
Your ability to adjust your ski binding properly is an essential safety measure, which can help prevent you from injuring yourself. Therefore, although it’s not overly complicated to calculate the DIN setting you should be using, if you’re unsure about doing this, it might be better to consult with a ski shop tech.
In the end, if you want the safest, most comfortable skiing experience possible, it’s crucial that your boots, bindings, and release settings are all calibrated properly.
Every boot and binding must always be calibrated to the owner’s weight, height, skill level, etc. This way, in the event of a crash, your boots will be released from your bindings, potentially saving you from injury.
Therefore, for your own safety and well-being, if you’re unsure of the processes involved in adjusting your ski, please consult the services of a professional shop technician.
On the other hand, if you’re a handy person who loves doing things for yourself, learning how to adjust your ski bindings and their DIN release setting shouldn’t be too challenging. Just make sure to follow the steps outlined in the guide, as well as learning how to calculate your DIN setting, and you’ll be ready to start carving down the mountain in no time.
Hitting The Slopes Safely
As a beginner or novice skier, it’s easy to underestimate the importance of your ski bindings.
However, as any experienced skier will tell you, your bindings are truly one of the most important components of your gear. After all, not only do they keep your feet secured to your skis, but in the event of an accident, they’re also designed to release your boots, reducing the risk of serious injury.
Therefore, by ensuring that your bindings are securely mounted and properly adjusted, you’re guaranteed a much safer, and more comfortable experience out the mountainside.
Before you can go skiing, you first need skis. Those skis then need a binding. And very importantly: the binding needs to be adjusted correctly and individually. Do you have to see a professional about this every time? Can you adjust the ski binding yourself? How do you adjust a ski binding? What is a DIN setting and how is it calculated? Snow-Online has the answers to all of your questions.
DIN Setting Calculator
Our Snow-Online DIN Setting Calculator helps you find the right DIN setting for your ski binding. Just fill in your bodyweight, boot sole length (in millimetres; usually engraved or printed on the outside of your boot’s heel), skiing ability level, and age, and the calculator gives you the appropriate DIN setting:
How Do I Adjust a Ski Binding?
First things first: you don’t have to see a professional every time you want to adjust your ski binding. A little knowledge about the function of a ski binding provided, you can easily adjust it yourself. What you need to understand is how the binding works, which DIN setting you need, and how to calculate it.
A ski binding has two main functions: on the one hand, it needs to fix the ski boot (and hence the skier) to the ski. On the other, the binding needs to release under force or when you fall, and separate the boot from the ski in time to keep the skier from being injured.
Complex mechanics help to manage this balancing act. Not only do they have to function impeccably, they absolutely need to be adjusted correctly and individually. According to a skier’s bodyweight, boot sole length, age, and skiing ability, the release force setting, or DIN setting, determines when a binding releases.
What is the DIN Setting of Ski Bindings?
The DIN setting is the release force setting of a ski binding. It is the value that determines the amount of force effect needed for a binding to release in order to keep the skier from being injured. There are two officially approved methods to determine this DIN value:
The tibia method is mainly applied by professionals in Germany. With this method, the expert measures the width of the tibial plateau at you knee. Most frequently used all over the world, however, is the bodyweight method. It was developed in the USA and Switzerland, and is based on scientific analyses of skiing accidents.
According to bodyweight, boot sole length, skiing ability, and age, the weight method uses a table to determine the DIN setting. The higher the DIN setting, the later the binding releases, and the higher the risk of injury!
How Do I Calculate the DIN Setting?
To find the right DIN setting for a person using the bodyweight method, you first need the weight , sole length , ability level , and age of the person whose ski binding you want to adjust. Then you have to read the table correctly. Follow these five steps:
- First you want to find the line with your bodyweight inside of the DIN setting table.
- Then you look right to find the base DIN setting according to your sole length .
- Now is where the ability level comes in. We distinguish three different types of skiers:
Type 1: Beginners and cautious skiers who ski mainly on even to relatively even slopes with slow to medium speed.
Type 2: Intermediate skiers who ski mainly on relatively even to relatively steep slopes with higher speed.
Type 3: Very experienced skiers who ski mainly on relatively steep to steep slopes with high speed and pressure on the edges and in an aggressive manner.
- Now you can determine your DIN setting according to the skiing ability :
Type 1: The base DIN setting is the correct setting.
Type 2: The DIN setting one line below the base setting is correct.
Type 3: The DIN setting two lines below the base setting is correct.
- As a last step you can adjust the setting according to age : skiers under 10 or over 50 years old should move one line up to find the right DIN setting.
DIN Setting Table
|DIN Setting in relation to the sole length (in mm) of your ski boot|
|–250||251 – 270||271 – 290||291 – 310||311 – 330||330+|
|10 – 13||0,75||0,75|
|14 – 17||1,00||1,00||0,75|
|18 – 21||1,50||1,25||1,00|
|22 – 25||1,75||1,50||1,50||1,25|
|26 – 30||2,25||2,00||1,75||1,50||1,50|
|31 – 35||2,75||2,50||2,25||2,00||1,75||1,75|
|36 – 41||3,50||3,00||2,75||2,50||2,25||2,00|
|42 – 48||3,50||3,00||3,00||2,75||2,50|
|49 – 57||4,50||4,00||3,50||3,50||3,00|
|58 – 66||5,50||5,00||4,50||4,00||3,50|
|67 – 78||6,50||6,00||5,50||5,00||4,50|
|79 – 94||7,50||7,00||6,50||6,00||5,50|
As explained above, complex mechanics are responsible for the ski binding to fix the boot to the ski or release in time when the skier falls or force is applied, in order to prevent major injuries.
The ski binding is an important safety device. Whenever you adjust your ski binding yourself, you should thus be sure of what you’re doing, and aware of the possible consequences of a DIN setting too high or too low.
If this is not the case, better keep your hands off the binding and see a professional!
No responsibility is taken for DIN values calculated with the DIN Setting Calculator. No responsibility is taken for the DIN values in the DIN setting tables. TouriSpo GmbH & Co. KG as operator of Snow-Online assumes no liability.
Whether you’re storming down a mountain at 45mph or simply trying your luck by doing crazy tricks and flicks at the terrain park, the ability to do all of that rests on the trust you have in your equipment – specifically your bindings – and the way you’ve set it up.
And while the whole procedure of installation and adjustments might seem like something automatic or simple, it’s not. There are some steps that you need to take in order for your bindings to be in the best fitting position for you.
For that matter, we’ve put together this guide on how to adjust your ski bindings so you can trust yourself – and your bindings – when speeding down the tracks or when gearing up for that sick move you saw the other day.
Important Info You Should Know Before Adjusting Your Bindings
It’s finally here, the day that you’ll finally be able to hit the mountain and start skiing. But, as with all things ski-related, safety comes first. Badly adjusted bindings can lead to a bad experience, and in some cases to injuries, or even death.
Setting Up Your Bindings
The installation of your bindings is a process that cannot begin without you asking yourself two important questions: What are you planning on doing with your skis and how skilled are you with them?
The purpose of the bindings is to keep you safe. When installed right, they are set at the position that is most comfortable for your style and type of skis. There are lots of different types of ski, but if you are a beginner we would recommend all mountain skis. Getting them installed the right way is just as important as adjusting them, so if you aren’t sure how to install them, get a professional to do it for you.
The abbreviation DIN is of the utmost importance when adjusting your bindings, and further down this text, you’ll see why. DIN, short for Deutsches Institut für Normung (German Institue for Standardization), has developed a scale of release force setting, a scale that has become an industry standard.
The scale is simply referred to as “DIN setting”, and it goes from 0 to 12. Getting the right one for your bindings can really help reduce the chances of you getting injured on your skis. It’s generally accepted that beginners should stick to settings from 2 to 7, and intermediate and experienced skiers should go for a setting from 3 to 12.
In order to find the right setting for you, you can use a DIN calculator. The calculator takes parameters such as height, weight, skill level, age, and boot size. Put them all in and you will get the right setting for you.
The Steps To Adjusting Your Ski Bindings
Getting your bindings installed means you’re almost ready to hit the slopes, now it’s time to adjust the bindings to get them from “ok” to “comfortable and ready to go”.
The good thing about adjusting your bindings is that you don’t need to see a professional (but you should if you don’t feel comfortable doing it on your own). There are two aspects to adjusting your bindings:
- You need to make sure that the ski boots are fixed and are firmly in place when adjusting your settings.
- Set the bindings’ release force setting at the right level, so your boots can detach from your skis in order to prevent injuries when you fall or hit something with your skis.
With that said, let’s now go step by step:
Step One: Front Area
First, you start off with the front area. When you set the boot, you’ll first need to center it before you get down to the finesse.
First, you set the length of the bindings to fit your boots, and then adjust them to get the right amount of pressure on them. The front of the boot will have a counter with numbers (usually in millimeters) that you’ll need to match to your DIN result by turning the screw with a screwdriver. Some bindings don’t have screws and counters, but a lock-in system that just clicks into position right away.
Consult a DIN chart if you are unsure. Source: dincalculator.com
Step Two: Back Area
Before setting the rear part of the bindings, you need to make sure that the boot stays on firmly and that there’s no wiggling when you push it sideways or back and forth. After you get it all firm, it’s time to set the DIN setting. Turn the screw clockwise until you get the right DIN number.
Step Three: Test
So you got all the screws right, they match the DIN results, the boots stay firmly in place and are aligned to the skis as they should. Perfect! But how do you really know you got it all right? You do a test by trying them on. Here’s how to do it.
- Get into the boots
Slowly but surely. Have something nearby to hold on, ski poles or something of the sort. Get your feet into the boots and tie the laces as you would when you’re about to hit the mountain. Make sure you got the appropriate socks on!
- See how it feels
How does it feel? Is it too tight? Loose? Just right? There is no right way to feel, it’s personal preference. Just make sure that when you stand up you feel comfortable and stable and that you don’t feel as if the boots are wiggling or have wiggling space.
If everything feels right, then you’re ready to hit the slopes, if not, go back to the beginning and start over. Trust your instinct when testing, if there is the slightest chance of you not liking how something feels, there’s a good chance that particular thing is not set properly. Repeat this as much as needed. If unsure, get a professional technician to adjust the bindings.
Step Four: Braking
Once you’ve got the first and second parts right, you’re ready to go, but now you have to check the brakes.
First, start off by checking that the brakes are set in the right position. This can be done by checking to see how the brakes are lined up when the bindings are still open. If they’re parallel, then they’re all good. Also, the brakes should line up at a 45-degree angle when the bindings are closed.
After the brakes are all lined up, it’s time to test them to see how much force would be needed to set them off. In a testing environment, you want some resistance to be there when pushing against the brake. The power you will exert on your skis will be far greater when you’ll be riding, so make sure there’s considerable resistance, but that the brake is not completely stiff.
Test the brakes and if you’re having difficulties setting off, you’ll need a lower DIN setting. If they’re too low, up the DIN setting bit by bit to get to the appropriate one.
Step Five: Off You Go!
Well then, the front part is all good, the back one too, the brakes are set to help out when needed, and now you’re ready to hit the mountain and get your adrenaline fix. With the right settings, you can feel confident that you will have a fun and safe experience all winter long.
All in all, adjusting your bindings might seem like a bore, but it’s a necessary evil. You need to adjust them in order to be comfy and safe, and considering the speeds at which you can ride and the jumps and tricks you can make with skis, safety is something that every skier needs to prioritize over everything else.
Every year at the Vail hospital there are dozens of people who have destroyed knees because they “adjusted” their bindings. Most people borrow a pair of skis from a friend and think that adjusting the binding themselves is a good idea. It’s not. Unless you are a certified binding technician, messing with the bindings can get you in big trouble. There are many elements that go into getting the right fit.
Here’s How to Adjust Ski Bindings
1.) DIN Setting
DIN stands for Deutsches Institut für Normung (German Institute for Standardization). It is the industry standard release scale for bindings. Height, weight, boots size, skier ability are all used to calculate your DIN. A low DIN setting causes your bindings to release easier than a high one. A DIN setting is unique for each skier and must be adjust at the toe and heel of the binding.
There is a mark in the middle of the sole of a ski boot that marks the center of the boot. On the ski there will also be another center mark. You want these to points to be lined up when adjusting your ski.
How to adjust a binding varies from ski to ski. There is usually a screw or a lever that controls the position of the toe and heel piece of the binding. Check the sole length of your boot and adjust the binding to that length.
4) Check the Safety Window or Marker
There is a safety window or marker on every binding that tells you whether the toe and heel are adjusted properly. This varies on every binding and must be looked into before using the skis.
As you can see there is a lot that goes into binding adjustments. Don’t even get me started on mounting them. Do yourself a favor and swing by a ski shop to get them set up. You don’t want to spend the next year rehabbing a shredded knee. Leave it to the professionals.
[box type=”warning”] DISCLAIMER: ALWAYS HAVE YOUR SKI BINDINGS MOUNTED, ADJUSTED, SERVICED AND INSPECTED BY A CERTIFIED SKI BINDING TECHNICIAN.[/box]
Helmets: Yes you need one. It’s not always your fault when you get into an accident. Some Hot Dogger might smoke you while he’s doing a spread eagle off a cat walk.
Quality ski wear can be expensive but it will make all the difference on your trip. It also lasts forever.
You want to start the adjustment process by setting the forward pressure to your specific boot. Take a flat head screwdriver and lift the flat metal tab in the rear of the heel piece. Once this tab is raised with the screwdriver lodged underneath, the heel piece will move bi-directionally on the track.
Can you adjust ski bindings yourself?
A little knowledge about the function of a ski binding provided, you can easily adjust it yourself. According to a skier’s bodyweight, boot sole length, age, and skiing ability, the release force setting, or DIN setting, determines when a binding releases.
How do you adjust the binding on a Salomon shift?
Adjustment: Boot sole adjustment of 3cm, use Philips posi #3 bit in lowest rear screw. Forward pressure indicator is the raised steel dash mark aligning the the plastic notch above the adjustment work drive screw. Toe release value setting is adjustable via posi #3 bit in the front of the toe unit.
What DIN setting should I use?
You want to consider your weight and ability to determine the correct din setting for you. Generally, the heavier and more advanced skier will require a higher DIN setting. Well lighter and less experienced skiers will benefit from a lower din setting.
What is a binding AFD?
A mechanical AFD utilizes a rolling or gliding aparatus to promote the boot’s smooth exit from the binding. Regardless, to help the binding do its job, you should keep your binding and boot sole as clean and free of snow, ice, and dirt as possible.
Are NNN and SNS bindings the same?
SNS means Salomon Nordic System. NNN means New Nordic Norm. Now, when you know it you can forget it, as usually everywhere just the three magic letters SNS and NNN are used. Both systems are not compatible.
What is ski binding brake width?
Ski Binding Brake Width Ski brakes are designed to stop your skis after release so you can retrieve them quickly and so they don’t pose a danger to other skiers. Your skis’ waist width will determine the ski brake width (the distance between the two brake arms).
What should my ski bindings be set at?
“Within a setting, we expect the boot sole to release within a certain torque range.” The average beginner male will release from his bindings at a DIN setting of 6 or between 194 to 271 Nm of torque, while the average advanced male will release from his bindings at a setting of 8.5 between 271 and 380 Nm.
How do I adjust my AFD plate?
The adjustment screw is found in front of the binding near the surface of the ski, which is significantly easier to adjust than older models because it can be done with the boots engaged. Turn CLOCKWISE if you want to lower the AFD and COUNTER-CLOCKWISE to raise the height of the AFD.
Where are Salomon bindings made?
Salomon Group is a French sports equipment manufacturing company based in Annecy, France. It was founded in 1947 by François Salomon in the heart of the French Alps and is a major brand in outdoor sports equipment.
What are the different types of cross country ski bindings?
Generally, there are three types of bindings used in cross country skiing. Three pin, SNS, and NNN. The most widely used are NNN and SNS. Third, smaller and narrower bindings are more suited for narrower skis.
How do you adjust the Salomon Warden 13 demo bindings?
WARDEN MNC 13 DEMO BINDING ISO 9523. Assemble the ski brake with the heel piece. Insert the heel and brake piece from the back and position on the plate according to the boot sole length. Boot sole length adjustment. Select and adjust the setting release values for toe and heel pieces.
How tight should my ski boots be?
Ski boots should be as tight fitting as possible. Your toes should be touching the end of the boot when you first put it on, it may even feel half a size too small. Then as you buckle the ski boot up and flex forward (push your knees over your toes) you will feel some pressure release and a bit of room for your toes.
Are 10 year old skis still good?
Once your skis get to the 5-10-year-old age they are still considered modern, but you may not be getting the most of their performance or could be forced to work harder than you should to get the same level of performance out of them.
Do ski bindings need to be lubricated?
Modern bindings are not designed to be relubed, and do not need it providing that you treat them decently. However the heel track & the AFD (if it’s a sliding one) should be lubed with a silicone lube approx every 30 days of use.
How do you adjust Salomon?
You want to start the adjustment process by setting the forward pressure to your specific boot. Take a flat head screwdriver and lift the flat metal tab in the rear of the heel piece. Once this tab is raised with the screwdriver lodged underneath, the heel piece will move bi-directionally on the track.
How do you adjust Salomon cross country ski bindings?
How do adjustable cross-country ski bindings work? Open the locking lever. Push the white marker to the side to unlock the binding. Find the correct indexing for your boot size by sliding the binding up or down the ski. Lock the binding by closing the lever.
Is skiing bad for knees?
Skiing obviously puts pressure on your knees. The classic legs-bent position channels weight through your Gluteus Maximus, your hamstrings, your quadriceps – and inevitably also your knee joint.
Are ski boots supposed to hurt?
The truth is, although ski boots are rigid and clunky, the right fitting boots should not hurt your feet. Ski boots are meant to be worn tight, but not uncomfortably so.
Is it OK to store skis standing up?
Either way is actually fine! If you want to lay your skis down and slide it under the bed, that is a perfectly acceptable solution. If you would like to stand them up in the corner of your bedroom or in your closet that is also a great way to store them.
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This calculator will suggest the recommended DIN release value for your ski bindings based on the type of skier you are. Fill in the details to the best of your knowledge and we’ll do the rest. The calculated value is for reference only.
What Is Your Skiing Abilitiy?
How Much Do You Weigh?
How Tall Are You?
What Is Your Ski Boot Length?
How Old Are You?
Your Recommended DIN Settings is:
Why Does the DIN Setting Exist?
DIN stands for D eutsches I nstitut für N ormung (German Institute for Standardization).
The DIN setting that can be found on your ski bindings and is an industry-wide scale that sets the release force for ski bindings on an impact. To help reduce the risk of injury, ski bindings are designed to release in the event of a fall.
Advanced or expert skiers have a higher release force because their skiing style is more aggressive and the ski is exposed to more forces.
For new or beginner skiers their DIN setting is lower so that the ski safely detaches in the event of a fall or impact.
Use my free DIN calculator above to determine the range to help you set your ski bindings. The number depends on your height, weight, boot size and age as well as your style and level of skiing.
How To Adjust Your Ski Bindings?
Ideally, ski bindings should always be adjusted by a specialist technician who can set the correct DIN value for you based on their years of experience. The calculator above is purely for reference and to help guide you with a reference point.
That said the data in the calculator above uses data directly from the Salomon Alpine Tech Manual 2019/20. Specifically, the chart listed on page 90. This is the manual used by Salomon certified ski technicians.
Ski Bindings and Release Force
Ski bindings are designed to release you from your skis during a fall so that you don’t become tangled up and cause greater injury to yourself.
The bindings will either release sideways or upwards:
- During a big twisting force, the boot will release sideways.
- If there is a forward for the boot will be release upwards.
A higher DIN value, allows the binding to experience a greater force before it releases – which is why heavier, faster or more experienced skiers need a higher value. Having a ski binding that is too sensitive and prone to coming loose while skiing is also dangerous.
Similarly, if the DIN value is set too high and the skier is less experienced, lighter, and weighs less – then during a fall or accident the skis will not be released in time and greater injury is more likely.
For this reason, getting the right sweet spot is key. By setting yourself up with the correct DIN value you are making it safer to ski. It is more likely that the bindings will release you from the skis at the right time and place when you need them to.
The Main Skier Types:
One of the key considerations for the DIN value is the skier’s ability. The DIN value takes this into consideration by separating skiers up into 3 main types (with 2 sub-types either side).
For a release value lower than for a Type 1 skier.
i.e Lighter first-time skiers.
Novie & Cautious skiers
Low release force, lighter retention settings, wide release margin.
Average or Moderate skiers (Intermediate or Advanced)
Average release force, average retention settings, average release margin.
Aggressive and High-speed skiers (Expert)
High release force, high retention settings, narrow release margin
For a release value higher than for a Type 3 skier.
i.e Going Heavier, Faster or Steeper
Always have your bindings checked and adjusted by a certified ski technician.
Mounting skis is when you attach bindings (the device that holds your ski boots) to your skis whereas remounting means moving or replacing your skis bindings.
If you’re shopping for new ski gear, your skis must be of high quality, and your boots need to fit well and be comfortable. However.
At last, you found the right skis to suit your needs and aims! Now, before starting your first day on the slopes, it's time to learn how to adjust your bindings to ski in a complete safety.
To properly adjust your ski bindings, you need to take the following elements into account:
- Shoe size
- Skiing ability
A ski binding well-adjusted can act as a protection for your knee in case of a fall, so be careful! The following steps are very important:
1) Adjusting the boot sole length
First of all, you need to find the length of your sole in millimeters. Usually, it is printed or engraved on the heel.
Now that you know the exact size, you need to adjust the front part of the binding to match it.
On the newest ski bindings, you only need to pull the tab to unlock the binding and then move it until you reach the appropriate range of values.
Example: le length of my shoe is 296 mm. After unlocking my binding, I move it until it reaches the range 292/300 mm.
To relock the binding, clip back the tab into a locked position.
The same adjustments need to be done on the back part of the binding. Unlock it in the same way you did with the front part, and then move the binding until it reaches the appropriate range of values.
You may have to make small tweaks to perfectly adjust your ski bindings with your shoes. Put on the front part of the shoe on the front part of the binding, and then the back part. By pushing on the shoe, it has to engage easily, and both ends of the shoe have to be firmly locked up in the ski binding.
Your ski bindings are now adapted to your ski shoes. It's time to adjust the binding release force setting.
2) Adjusting the binding release force setting
Did you know that one in two knee sprains is due to bindings release force setting misadjustment? This setting is very important, and needs to be not too high so the binding can release your shoe in case of a fall, and not too low so you won't face inadvertent activation of your device while skiing.
The release force setting is determined based on skier's age, weight, and ski ability. Be careful while choosing the release force setting of your binding, and in case of doubt, do not hesitate to go to a ski professional who would do it for you.
The setting can be found on each part of the binding, and looks like a graduated scale. Use a Phillips-head screwdriver to tighten or loosen the settings. The operation must be repeated on the front part, and the back part as well.
As an indication, the AFNOR (French Association for Normalization) built a table crossing different values to help you choose the one that suits most your practice and needs.
Those tables are shown for guidance only:
The first row corresponds to the length of your boot sole in millimeters, and the first column to the weight of the skier.
Then, the release force setting of the ski binding must be adjusted according to the skier's profile
If you end up on one of the table's empty cells, go to the nearest number on the same line, unless you weigh more than 94 kilograms, in which case you should go to the nearest number in the shoe size column.
Finally, this setting needs to be adjusted to suit your skiing ability by using the following table :
If you have any doubt concerning the settings of your binding, do not hesitate to seek professional advices in one of the ski shops in Val Thorens!
Now that you are ready to ski down your favorite slopes, it's time to start a good day on the slopes in Val Thorens !
Ski bindings are an increasingly high-design piece of equipment and need to be adjusted to the proper tension setting (known as the “DIN” setting). Marker bindings also typically have a “fore aft” adjustment, which allows the binding to be moved slightly forward and backward to maximize ski performance. Each of these settings is critical to the safety and performance of a day on the slopes.
How to Adjust Marker Ski Bindings
Find a Marker DIN chart. The DIN setting adjusts the tension at which the binding releases the boot. A tight setting — or high number — is for aggressive skiers, while a lower setting is for beginners. The wrong setting means the ski could release unexpectedly or could not release when needed. Either could cause a bad crash. Technically, DIN settings are universal across all brands of bindings, but often an experienced skier will find they need different DIN settings for different brands of bindings. Marker publishes a manufacturer’s DIN chart for its bindings, which helps eliminate guesswork. The Marker DIN chart is easy to find online.
Know your type of skiing. Be honest; if you ski slowly, you will need your bindings to release fairly easily if you fall — otherwise you risk serious injury.
Set your DIN. On the Marker chart, find your height and weight. This will correspond to a letter code on the chart. If the height and weight letter code are different, use the one higher up on the chart as a starting point (if your height code is “L” and your weight code is “K,” start with the K). Look across the chart for your boot length for a numerical DIN setting. If you are a “I” level skier — or a beginner — use that DIN setting. If you are a “II” level skier, use one number higher. So if the DIN setting in the boot length column was five, use five and a half or six as your DIN. If you are “III” level skier, go two DIN settings higher. Set the DIN using a screwdriver to adjust the screws in the front and back of the bindings.
Check the fore aft setting. Many Marker bindings are on “rails,” meaning they can be loosened and moved up on the rails closer to the front of the ski, or slid back slightly. Depending on the binding, the fore aft setting might be controlled by screws in the heels and toes or by a locking device that can be unscrewed. Do not overextend this adjustment; Marker bindings have been known to release if the screw that controls the fore aft adjustment is backed out of its hole too far. It is best to read up online about your particular bindings if you are not familiar with the fore aft adjustment.
Check bindings every time you ski. Bindings can be loosened through use, so make sure they are at their correct setting each time you ski.
Internet forums for backcountry skiing are great resources for finding out more about your bindings. If you are having trouble understanding what is being discussed in these forum, you may want to consider taking your skis into a shop for adjustment. Many experienced skiers use the DIN setting in the Marker chart as a starting point and adapt it based on their own experience.
Adjusting bindings is a serious job that could result in severe injury if done wrong. It is seemingly simple but really is a highly precise, skilled job. You need to understand ski geometry, forward pressure on the binding and what the release point on the rear of the binding.
Ski bindings are an essential piece of equipment that secures your ski boots to your skis. These small contraptions, located at the toe and heel of where your boot fits on top of your ski, may not look like much at first glance, but are very important when it comes to controlling your skis and keeping you safe from harm. Without bindings, you would essentially be sledding on each foot rather than skiing. You can imagine how difficult that would be.
When you purchase a new set of skis, they typically do not come with the bindings mounted on them. That is because bindings are a separate piece of equipment made by different manufacturers. As such, they need to be purchased separately and then mounted on the skis after purchase either by a ski tech or at home. Though the task can seem daunting, It’s not too hard to mount and adjust ski bindings. Let’s take a look at how to perform the task.
Before learning how to mount and adjust your own ski bindings, it’s important to make sure you’re up to the task. If you don’t feel comfortable with the process in this guide, you should take your skis into a ski shop and get them mounted by a technician. You also need a few common tools. If you don’t have them (or have access to them) you should have your bindings professionally mounted as well.
Ski bindings play a large role in your ability to ski, and they also contribute to your safety. You need to have them mounted correctly. If you don’t have the proper tools or the skills to do a good job, you should pay the small fee to have the bindings mounted professionally. A lot of the time, if you buy skis and bindings at the same time, the shop will mount them for free. Take advantage of that offer if it’s available.
How to Mount Ski Bindings
The first thing you need to decide on if you’re going to mount your own ski bindings is where you want to place them. Almost all skis come with a center mark that’s used for reference when mounting bindings. Beginner skiers will want to use this mark and mount their bindings directly in the center of the skis. Other styles, such as all-terrain and freestyle skiers, will also want a center-mounted binding.
There are also instances when you want to mount your ski bindings away from the center. Skiers who want a terrain park-specific mount might want to place the bindings forward of center because it allows them to ski switch (backward) and can also increase turning speeds. Skiers who want a powder ski setup might want to mount the bindings behind the center in order to create more float and bounce in deep snow conditions.
2. Drill the Holes
After you decide on the mounting location for your ski bindings, you will need to drill the holes. In order to do this, you will need a drill, drill bit, and a jig. Any common drill and quality drill bit should get the job done. If you are used to doing any home repair or DIY jobs around your house, you probably have these tools. You will also need glue to keep the bindings in place once the holes are done.
For those not familiar, a jig is a piece of plastic or metal that you place on top of your skis so you know where to drill. This is crucial because if you don’t drill in the correct location, you’ll have to drill again. You can either purchase a jig from the manufacturer or get a universal one at a ski shop. There are paper jig options, but those aren’t as exact.
Once you have the jig on top of your ski in the correct mounting position, you can drill the holes. The important thing to note here is that you don’t want to drill too far into the ski and go all the way through it. If you’re comfortable with a drill, this should be pretty easy. If you’re not, you might want to make a few practice drills on a piece of scrap wood to get the hang of it first.
The jig will also instruct you towards what size to use. These sizes can vary from ski to ski and it is important to get this correct. A hole that is too big will not hold your bindings and if you go too small, you will have to drill again. Once you drill the holes, make sure to get all of the scrap and drill shavings cleaned out before proceeding to the next step.
3. Screw and Glue Bindings In Place
The next step is pretty simple. You’re going to place your bindings over the drill holes and attach them with screws and a small amount of glue (or other adhesive) to hold them in place. Place the bindings on top of the skis and match the holes over the top of the drill holes. Place a small amount of glue in the hole before inserting a screw. Fasten the screw either with a proper screw tip on the drill or by using a screwdriver.
You want the screws to be tight and secure. However, if they’re too tight they’ll crack the plastic on the bindings. If you think you might attach new bindings or remove them for any reason, you can get away with not placing glue inside of the drill holes. Once all the screws are in place, you are ready to adjust your bindings.
How to Adjust Ski Bindings
Ski bindings are adjustable so they can properly release your foot if you fall, twist, or turn. That is an important safety feature that can prevent injury on the slopes. These adjustments are based on your size and ability, which means they differ from person to person. You need to adjust your toe piece, heel piece, and then set your DIN settings.
For the toe piece on each ski, you need to make two slight adjustments. First, set your boot sole length, which is marked on your ski boots in millimeters. You will use a screwdriver to make this adjustment. Next, adjust your toe pressure, also known as toe height. This adjustment is not needed on every binding and can also be completed with a screwdriver.
For the heel piece, you need to use your ski boot to find the proper length setting in which your boot pops out of the binding when pressure and force is placed on it from side to side. You can initially eyeball this measurement by setting the heel at a distance that allows your boot to sit securely on your foot. Once in place, simply adjust to get the bindings to release when force is applied.
The final adjustment is in the release settings of your bindings. If you’ve seen ski bindings before, you’ll notice a series of numbers on the toe and heel piece. These adjustments are known as a DIN setting and you can figure out your setting here. You make this adjustment with a Phillip’s head screwdriver and match them to your weight and ability.
Now you know how to mount your own ski bindings. As with so many ski-related projects, it isn’t as difficult as it first seems. All you need are a few tools and a little bit of know-how.
Remember, the process is also easy to get done at a ski shop if you feel uncomfortable with the task or don’t have the right tools. Ski bindings are very important and they should be mounted and adjusted properly.
Have you ever mounted your own ski bindings? Was it easy or difficult? Let us know in the comments below!