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How to add a footnote to microsoft word

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

A footnote is a notation at the bottom of the page in a printed document. Footnotes are usually presented in smaller print than the dominant text, and they are used for a variety of purposes. The “foot” part refers to the fact that the notation is located in the “footer” or “bottom” of the document. A similar concept is the endnote, a note which is provided at the end of a document, rather than at the bottom of a specific page.

When a text has these notes, they are indicated with various symbols or superscript numbers. The asterisk symbol, *, is a common symbol, but a variety of symbols including daggers, †, may be used. In a text with a lot of notes, numbers are usually used to indicate them, so the reader can keep track of what is going on. Endnotes are typically indicated with numbers, to make it easier for people to look them up.

Different style manuals have different rules about using footnotes, and it is important to follow style guidelines when submitting material for publication. Because the practice can get very complicated, most style guidelines devote at least a few pages to the procedure. Some people avoid using the notes at all, while others relish them because they provide a great degree of freedom when they are used well.

One common reason for footnoting is to provide citations. Whenever an author quotes someone else or discusses someone else’s ideas, he or she is expected to provide a citation, both to provide credit and to allow readers to examine the source for themselves. Some style guidelines like citations inline in the text, as in “(Myers, 2006)”, while others prefer to see citations footnoted. Footnoting citations allows readers to focus on the text, consulting the citation whenever they feel like it, rather than being forced to read it.

Footnotes really flourish in the sense of additional commentary. Authors may use a note to provide comments or extra information, especially if that information digresses. Academics in particular cannot resist sharing interesting tidbits with their readers, but these tidbits may not be strictly relevant to the text at hand. Using these notes allows authors to talk about matters which may be of interest without detracting from the primary focus of the text. Sometimes, the notes take up more room on the page than the actual text.

It is not uncommon to see footnotes used to make humorous asides. For people who enjoy academic jokes, these notes are often a great source for amusing comments and side notes which would not be appropriate in the central text. Footnotes may also be used to recount anecdotes or to provide a subtle commentary on the source or topic being discussed.

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a InfoBloom researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a InfoBloom researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

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Discussion Comments

When using a footnote, do you still put the quotation you’re using in the text and use the footnote to give details of the book you used? stoneMason February 19, 2013

@youbiKan– I don’t think footnotes make a piece of writing more valid. I just enjoy being able to read more on a topic I’m interested in.

Someone who has researched a topic has more knowledge about books and articles written on that topic. I know that this information is also provided in the sources list. But footnotes give the source exactly where that information is shared in the paper. So it’s a lot easier to use in my opinion. burcidi February 18, 2013

@turkay1– That’s a good question.

From my experience, it depends on the instructor. I wish there was a clear-cut rule about footnote formats but there isn’t. Some instructors tolerate footnote citations and others don’t.

My personal view is that it’s safer to do citations at the ends of sentences and leave footnotes for clarifications. One of my favorite professors in grad school used to say that footnotes are meant for information that doesn’t fit into the main idea of the paper, but is still worth mentioning somewhere.

It can also be used to reference works and authors. If someone reads something in your paper and would like to know more about it, he can find that information in the footnotes. This way, you’re not creating a distraction in your paper, but still making that information available. candyquilt February 18, 2013

Are we allowed to use footnote citation in grad school? I used to do this all the time in college but I’m not so sure if that’s okay at this level. anon153219 February 16, 2011

This site really helped me! I am just learning how to write an essay and it is very helpful! Thank you! vogueknit17 October 7, 2010

Unfortunately, people use footnotes much less often in high school and college writing than they used to. The problem with this is that many people now don’t know the difference between footnotes, which are at the bottom of every page in a document, and endnotes, which are only at the very end of a document. Both have their uses, and it’s important to know the difference.

I especially like footnotes when reading a book, because that means the author can give me the sources and extra commentary as I read, while I like endnotes when reading something shorter like an article. youbiKan September 23, 2010

I always appreciate research and texts that have footnotes attached. It is this kind of reference that a reader can use to assure them of receiving valid data or concepts.

Just because a footnote exists doesn’t mean that the research is automatically deemed valid. It simply allows for the reader to make a judgment call on the quality of the source information but as well they can see out the source and identify further information they are attempting to gather.

Use footnotes and endnotes to explain, comment on, or provide references to something in a document. Usually, footnotes appear at the bottom of the page, while endnotes come at the end of the document or section.

If you’re in Reading View, switch to Editing View by clicking Edit Document > Edit in Word for the web.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Add a footnote

Click where you want to add the footnote.

Click Insert > Insert Footnote.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Word inserts a reference mark in the text and adds the footnote mark at the bottom of the page.

Type the footnote text.

Add an endnote

Click where you want to add the endnote.

Click Insert > Insert Endnote.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Word inserts a reference mark in the text and adds the endnote mark at the end of the document.

Type the endnote text.

Customize your footnotes and endnotes

To customize a footnote or endnote:

Click the reference number or mark in the body of the text or click Insert > Show Footnotes(for endnotes, click Insert > Show Endnotes).

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

In the footnote/endnote view, click Format Footnotes or Format Endnotes to display the Format Options dialog, where you can change the size, font, and indentation of one or all of your footnotes or endnotes.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Note: If you want to convert footnotes to endnotes or the other way around, use the Open in Word command and convert them there. When you save the doc in Word, it’s saved where you opened it in Word for the web.

You can use footnotes and endnotes in documents to explain, comment on, or provide references to something you’ve mentioned in your document. Usually, footnotes appear at the bottom of the page and endnotes come at the end of the document or section.

Add a footnote

Click where you want to add a footnote.

Click References > Insert Footnote.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Word inserts a reference mark in the text and adds the footnote mark at the bottom of the page.

Type the footnote text.

Tip: To return to your place in your document, double-click the footnote mark.

Add an endnote

Click where you want to add an endnote.

Click References > Insert Endnote.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Word inserts a reference mark in the text and adds the endnote mark at the end of the document.

Type the endnote text.

Tip: To return to your place in your document, double-click the endnote mark.

Customize footnotes and endnotes

After you add your footnotes and endnotes, you can change the way they appear. For example, you can change the number format or where they show up in your document.

On the Insert menu, click Footnote to open the Footnote and Endnote box.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

In the Footnote and Endnote box, select the options you want.

Choose where you want to apply the changes—the whole document or the section you’re in—and then click Insert.

Tip: To restart footnote or endnote numbering at the beginning of each section, in the Footnote and Endnote box, click Footnotes or Endnotes, and in Numbering, click Restart each section.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Footnotes are notes placed at the bottom area of a page. It allows you to cite references or comment on a concept without overstuffing the main text.

Inserting and managing footnotes in Microsoft Word is very simple. If you add more than one footnotes in a document, it’ll number them automatically for you. And clicking on a footnote in Word will jump to it, or place your mouse on the footnote mark to read the note as a tooltip.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

How to Insert footnote in Word

To footnote in MS Word, select the text you want the footnote to reference and press Ctrl+ Alt+F (shortcut) to open the footnote section, then type the footnote text.

For detailed steps on how to add footnotes in Word, follow the instructions below.

  • Select the text you want the footnote to reference.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

  • Go to Reference > Footnotes > Insert Footnote.
  • Alternatively, press Ctrl+ Alt+F on the keyboard.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

As soon as you click on the Insert Footnote command, MS Word will superscript a number by the selected text. The insertion pointer then moves to the bottom area of the page, waiting for you to type your footnote text. There’s also a horizontal line that separates the main text from the footnote text. This line can be removed though – I’ll show you how in a moment.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

  • Type the footnote text
  • Click back into your document main text area and continue editing.

Changing the Footnote number format

The Microsoft Word’s footnote has a habit of numbering your footnotes as you add them into your document. You can change the number format of the footnote so that it can use either roman numerals or other numbering options.

You have read an academic article or paper and noticed superscripts at the end of specific sentences or even words at the bottom of a page in an article under a line.

These are what are referred to as footnotes because they appear at the footer of the page. They contain extra information for a reader who would like to do further reading, and they at times include citations.

Footnotes are essential because sometimes not everyone requires this extra information, so stuffing it into the main text would make it wordy and stray from the topic or concentrate on the wrong theme.

However, it would help if you were careful to place them logically and when the need arises.

Footnotes will have corresponding superscripted numbers in the main text and at the foot of the page, as seen below.

Easy to follow steps on how to add footnotes in Microsoft Word

1. Open Microsoft word

Open the word document where you would like to add the footnote(s)

Put the clicker on the part of the text where you would like to add the footnote at the end of a sentence or a paragraph.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

2. Go to the ‘references’ at the top of the screen

There are several tabs at the top of the screen. Click on references. Several options will appear. Click on the large ‘insert footnote’ option in the second column.

When you do this, two superscript numbers will appear, one besides the text area where you want to note your source and a corresponding one at the bottom of the page. This number will guide the reader on which footnote belongs to which text.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

3. Add the footnote

At the bottom of the text, you can start typing out your footnote.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

There you have it! Your first footnote.

You can add as many footnotes as you want to your document.

Be sure to keep them relevant. You do not want your reader to get confused or irritated because of too much supplementary information.

Note:

Footnotes are usually already in a specific style. However, you can modify it to a different one to automatically appear that way each time you use the footnote.

Let us use MLA format- Modern Language Association (you can use a format of your choosing or the one specified for your work)

Modern Language Association

After typing out the footnote, instead of selecting the entire footnote and highlighting it to make changes, right-click anywhere in the footnote area, and go right up to the style you want in the list that shows up and click it.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

You will notice that a style dialogue box shows up that says ‘style for footnote text.’ Click modify

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Here you will select the font size, say 11

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

At the bottom left of that dialogue box, click on ‘format.’

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Go to paragraph

This will bring up the Paragraph dialogue box. You can also change the indentation to the first line of half an inch and double spacing inside it.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Click okay on both pop-up boxes separately.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Anytime you put a new footnote in the document, it will have the updated style.

Do you and a colleague or classmate ever get assigned a group project, and you do not know how to go about it?

With Simul Docs (simuldocs.com), all this is possible from all your different locations.

All you have to do is write the first sample in Microsoft word and upload it to Simul.

Simul will automatically make this the first version.

Your other colleague can now open this version and make their changes, creating another version of the same document, and so on.

There is no need to worry; after everyone has made their submissions and changes, you can merge the edited versions to create one complete document.

This document shows tracked changes in word so everyone can see where edits were made and if they should be rejected or approved.

Additionally, you can make these changes simultaneously; this is not a one-login at a time situation.

Even if another colleague wants to make changes but does not have Simul, the document can still be downloaded, emailed, or even uploaded to any cloud storage software like One Drive. Once they are done with their edits, they can email it back to you, and you can add it to Simul once again, which will create a different version.

Centralizing your edits is essential in preventing the loss of edits and original formats.

In this post, we will look into footnotes and endnotes in Microsoft Word and how to use it efficiently in simple step by step approach.

What are Footnotes and Endnotes?

Footnotes add a note at the bottom of the page to provide additional information about a part of the same page. On the other hand, Endnotes also add a note at the end of the document to provide more information, citation, comments, and so on.

How to Insert Footnotes in Word?

  • To get started, bring the cursor to the page that you need to insert the footnotes.
  • Go to the Reference tab in the ribbon.
  • Click on the Insert Footnotes button in the Footnotes group.
  • Enter the notes or citations in the inserted footnotes.
  • Now, you can see the inserted footnotes in the above image.

How to Insert Endnotes in Word?

  • Go to the Reference tab in the ribbon.
  • Select the Insert Endnotes from the Footnotes group.
  • Enter the notes or citations in the inserted endnotes.
  • Here, you can see the inserted endnotes in the above image.

How to Edit Footnotes and Endnotes?

  • To edit the footnotes and endnotes, click the dialogue box launcher in the Footnotes group.
  • Now, the Footnote and Endnote dialogue box will appear on your screen as in the below image.
  • There you can edit the layout of the footnote by choosing a format from the Footnote layout session.
  • Also, you can format your style of number and marks using Number Format and Custom mark options.
  • You can also determine where you want to apply the changes using the Apply changes to option.
  • Finally, click the Insert button once you have done with your editing.

You can also use the keyboard commands Alt+Ctrl+F for inserting Footnotes and Alt+Ctrl+D for inserting Endnotes.

The following steps show how to use a footnote in Word 2016 twice – using a “cross-reference”.

To insert a footnote and then use a cross-reference:

  1. With your document open in Microsoft Word open
  2. Insert the first footnote by clicking where the first footnote needs to be placed
  3. Open the ‘References’ ribbon
  4. Select the ‘Insert Footnote’ button and enter in the footnote information
  5. Insert the second footnote by clicking where you need it
  6. Open the ‘References’ ribbon
  7. In the ‘Captions’ group, click on ‘Cross-reference’
  8. Set ‘Reference type’ to ‘Footnote’
  9. Set ‘Insert reference to’ to ‘Footnote number (formatted)’
  10. Under ‘For which footnote’ select the footnote you need to cross reference
  11. Click ‘Insert’
  12. Click the ‘Close’ button to close the window
  13. Your document is now referring to the same footnote twice.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Important note about updating cross-references

Note: cross-references have a limitation – if you insert another footnote above the original one, the footnote number will update but the cross-reference number will not.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

To update the cross-reference you need to right-click on the number and click on ‘Update’

Presentation citations or references in the body of text on a slide are either explained in footnotes at the bottom of a slide or in endnotes following the presentation. When you add a footnote to a slide you have to manually add a reference number to the slide and footnote.

Add the footnote text

Here’s an example of a footnote in PowerPoint. Follow the steps below to add your own footnote. After adding your footnote, you can make the footnote indicators superscript.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Click the place in the body of the slide where you want to add a footnote, and type a number or symbol, like “1”.

Click Insert > Header & Footer.

On the Slide tab, select Footer, and in the Footer box, type the number or symbol you added in step 1, and then type the text that you want to appear in the footnote at the bottom of your slide.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Note: The Preview pane highlights the area on the slide where your footnote will appear.

Click Apply if you want the footer to appear only on the selected slide. If you want it to appear on all of the slides, click Apply to All.

Note: If you want the footnote to appear on all slides except the title slide, before clicking Apply to All, select Don’t show on title slide.

Make the footnote indicators superscript

Select the number or symbol you added to the footnote text at the bottom of the slide.

Click Home, and in the Font group, click the Dialog Box Launcher .

Click the Font tab, and under Effects, select Superscript. Superscript makes the number or symbol smaller and slightly above the normal line of text.

Tip: You can raise the number or symbol higher by entering a higher percentage in the Offset box. For example, the following shows the footnote with superscript format applied and an offset of 70%.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Now, select the number or symbol you added to the body of the slide, and follow steps 2 and 3 to apply superscript formatting.

Remove a footnote

Go to the slide with the footnote you want to remove. (If you applied a footnote to all slides, go to any slide.)

Click Insert > Header & Footer.

Clear the Footer check box.

Note: If you applied a footnote to all slides and want to remove it from all slides, click Apply to All. If you applied a footnote to all slides but only want to remove it from the current slide, click Apply.

Related topics

Add the footnote text

Here’s an example of a footnote in PowerPoint. Follow the steps below to add your own footnote. After adding your footnote, you can make the footnote indicators superscript.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Click the place in the body of the slide where you want to add a footnote, and type a number or symbol, like “1”.

On the Insert tab, click Header & Footer.

On the Slide tab, select Footer, type the number or symbol you added in step 1, and then type the text that you want to appear in the footnote at the bottom of your slide.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Note: The Preview area above highlights the area on the slide where your footnote will appear.

Click Apply if you want the footer to appear only on the selected slide. If you want it to appear on all of the slides, click Apply to All.

Note: If you want the footnote to appear on all slides except the title slide, before clicking Apply to All, select Don’t show on title slide.

Make the footnote indicators superscript

Select the number or symbol you added to the footnote text at the bottom of the slide.

Click Home, and in the Font group, click the Superscript . Superscript makes the number or symbol smaller and slightly above the normal line of text.

Now, select the number or symbol you added to the body of the slide, and repeat step 2 to apply superscript formatting.

Remove a footnote

Go to the slide with the footnote you want to remove. (If you applied a footnote to all slides, go to any slide.)

On the Insert tab, click Header & Footer.

Clear the Footer check box.

Note: If you applied a footnote to all slides and want to remove it from all slides, click Apply to All. If you applied a footnote to all slides but only want to remove it from the current slide, click Apply.

You can manually make footnotes in PowerPoint for the web even though it doesn’t have the ability to make superscript characters.

On the Insert tab, tap or click Text Box.

Select the placeholder text in the text box, and then type a numeral or other symbol that you want to use as a footnote.

Select the character you typed. On the Home tab, in the Font group, change the Font Size of the character to an appropriate size for a footnote in this circumstance—usually a few points smaller than the text it will appear next to.

Point the cursor at the edge of that text box until you see the four-headed arrow. Then click and drag to move it where you want it to appear on the slide.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

Once again, on the Insert tab, tap or click Text Box.

Select the placeholder text in the text box. Then type the same numeral or symbol you used in step 2, and then enter the descriptive text next to it.

Point the cursor at the edge of this text box until you see the four-headed arrow, and move it to an appropriate position on the slide.

While footnotes aren’t necessarily a commonly used formatting feature in Microsoft Word, you’ll appreciate having access to this ability if you need to create an academic or professional document that requires them.

Footnotes allow you to place supplemental information at the bottom of the page – in other words, the footer – which you reference with a superscript number or symbol in the main body.

Footnotes are different from endnotes; footnotes appear on the page they’re referenced, while endnotes appear at the end of the document. Which one should you use? Whichever you prefer – or more likely, whichever one is called for in the writing or publication standards you’re using.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

A typical set of footnotes in a Word document. Dave Johnson/Insider

How to insert a footnote or endnote in Word

Inserting a footnote or an endnote is straightforward; the hardest part is locating the feature. Here’s what to do:

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

  1. In Word, place the cursor at the end of the word where you want to place the superscript that references the note.
  2. Click the “References” tab in the ribbon.
    You can add a footnote or endnote from the References tab of the ribbon. Dave Johnson/Insider
  3. In the Footnotes section, click “Insert Footnote” or “Insert Endnote.” You should see a superscript appear at the cursor and the cursor will move to the footer of the page. Type the note.
  4. Return to the main body of the document and continue writing.

How to customize a footnote or endnote in Word

Those simple steps should be all you need to create footnotes and endnotes for documents, most of the time. You can customize them, though, if you need them to look or work differently.

To get to the options for footnotes and endnotes, click the “References” tab in the ribbon and click the small arrow in the bottom-right corner of the Footnotes section. The Footnote and Endnote dialog box should appear.

How to add a footnote to microsoft word

The Footnote and Endnote options dialog box. Dave Johnson/Insider

There are several options on this small dialog box. Here’s what you can do:

  • Control where the notes appear. In the Location section, you can choose “Bottom of page” or “Below text” to set where footnotes appear. If you choose “Below text,” the notes appear immediately under the last text on the page rather than all the way at the bottom.
  • Change the footnote or endnote layout. Click the dropdown menu next to “Columns” to arrange footnotes into columns instead of following the format of the main text.
  • Change the formatting of the footnotes and endnotes. You can specify the kind of numbering, lettering or other symbols that get used when you add footnotes. This is more than just an aesthetic choice; if you have both footnotes and endnotes in the same document, you’ll want to make sure they’re different to eliminate confusion. In addition, your writing or publishing guidelines might specify what numbering system to use for footnotes.

How to cross-reference your footnotes and endnotes

You might need to repeat the same reference multiple times in a document. Rather than adding the same footnote or endnote repeatedly, you can cross-reference the first instance whenever you need to throughout the document.

Here’s how to do it using footnotes. If you want to cross-reference endnotes, the process is identical; just substitute endnotes for footnotes throughout the process as needed.

  1. After adding the footnote or endnote in the usual way, position the cursor where you want to insert it the second time.
  2. Click the “References” tab in the ribbon.
  3. In the Captions section, click “Cross-reference.”
    How to add a footnote to microsoft wordUse the Cross-reference button to link to an existing footnote or endnote. Dave Johnson/Insider
  4. In the Cross-reference dialog box, set the “reference type” dropdown menu to “Footnote.”
  5. In the “Insert reference to:” dropdown menu, choose “Footnote number (formatted).”
  6. In the “For which footnote” section, click the footnote you want to cross-reference and then click “Insert.”
    How to add a footnote to microsoft wordChoose the footnote or endnote you want to cross-reference. Dave Johnson/Insider
  7. Click “Done” to close the dialog box.

You should see the superscript number appear that references the desired footnote.

Open your document in Normal View. Go to View | Footnotes. Click the All Footnotes box arrow, and select Footnote Separator from the drop-down list.

How do I add a footnote separator?

Using the Footnotes drop-down list at the top of the Footnotes window, choose Footnote Separator. The current separator appears in the window, and the insertion point should be within the separator. Use Word’s regular formatting tools to change the paragraph indentation on the separator. Click on Close.

How do I remove spaces between footnotes in Word 2016?

When in Draft mode, you need to click on Show Notes in the Footnotes section of the References tab of the ribbon and then select the Footnote Separator from the dropdown at the top of the footnotes pane and format the paragraph to remove the space before it.

What is a footnote separator?

If your documents contain footnotes or endnotes, you will have run into the concept of separators, which are the short (or long) lines Word inserts between your body text and the footnotes at the bottom of the page or the endnotes at the end of the document or section.

How do you move footnote separator lines?

Switch to Draft View and then click on Show Notes in the Footnotes section of the References tab of the ribbon and then from the dropdown in the Footnotes header bar, select Footnote Speparator and then with it selected, go to the Format Paragraph dialog and change the indent as required.

How do I remove the footnote separator in Word?

The Footnotes pane appears at the bottom of your document. You can edit the color or style of the separator by choosing options on the Home tab, or, to delete the separators, click Footnote Separator in the Footnotes list, and then select and delete the separator line.

Why is there a gap between my footnotes?

If there’s a gap between that and the next footnote, it means that one or more of your footnote paragraphs has a paragraph before or paragraph after space set.

How do I keep footnotes on the same page?

To keep the footnote together in Word:

  1. Press Ctrl+Shift+S to Apply Styles.
  2. Footnote Text.
  3. Click Modify.
  4. Click Format.
  5. Select Paragraph.
  6. Under Line and Page Breaks tab.
  7. Check box by Keep lines together.
  8. Click OK.

Is there a space after a footnote?

Leave no space between the superscript (note number) in the text and the word or mark of punctuation it follows. Place the superscript before a dash but after all other marks of punctuation.

What is the message of footnote to youth?

The theme of the story Footnote to Youth means that people will always go with their feelings without hesitations they will do anything to get what they want specially the youth and then regretting it at the end.

What is the moral lesson of footnote to youth?

The moral of the story is that marriage is something that is taken seriously. Because marriage aside from being a sacrament is something that is full of responsibilities; when you decide to get married and you do marry someone, there is no turning back.

What is the main conflict of footnote to youth?

*The main conflict in the poem “Footnote to Youth” by Jose Garcia Villa is the difficulty that the two young lovers face by marrying so early in life.

What is the rising action of footnote to youth?

The rising action of the story of Footnote to Youth is thatwhen Dodong was afraid to go to his home because he wanted to get out of it without clear reason at all. He felt afraid that it seems to caged himand also of Teang because Teang was giving birth in the house.

What is the plot in the story of footnote to youth?

The plot of Jose Garcia Villa’s short story “Footnote to Youth” involves the struggles that a young man named dondong has with family life, marriage and the responsibilities of adulthood. Between the 1960s and 1993, Villa did not publish anything at all, but his body of work remains compelling.

What is the ending of footnote to youth?

Ending: Dodong felt saddened that he knew that what happened to him, will happen to his son as well. Symbolism: Blas’ birth symbolized that he left his youth behind and he now faces the responsibility of a parent. Another was in the title, “Footnote to Youth”.

What if Dodong did not marry teang what will be Dodong now?

If Dodong did not marry Teang, probably he will live his life today as how he lived before when he’s not married yet. It would be or It can be lesson to the students because there were many students nowadays experienced what was Dodong experience today after he got married at an early age. 4.

Who is Blas in footnote to youth?

Blas. He is the first born of the married couple. When he turns 18, he also wants to marry young but is advised by his father to weigh all the pros and cons. However, he does not feel that he would repeat the mistakes of his parents.

Are the two main character of the story footnote to youth?

Dodong – main character of the story who got married at the age of 17 2. Teang – regretted marrying at an early age 3. Lucio – Teang’s other suitor who got married after she did and who’s childless until now 4. Blas – Dodong and Teang’s oldest son who followed their footsteps in the end.